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19th Century Expeditions
The Introduction includes the table "Expeditionary Fields of Inquiry Objectives, Artists’ Subjects and Pictorial Information" taken from Roger Balm’s essay, "Expeditionary Art: An Appraisal" (Geographical Review, October 2000).
This online exhibition makes no claim to being comprehensive given the vast number of expeditions that were carried out during the 19th century. The intention is rather to stimulate interest in this area for more a complete survey of the subjects. Within this exhibition there are images that will be new to most visitors.
Future additions to this exhibition will include:
If you have a series on these, or any other scientific expeditions, I'd be fascinated to learn about it.
- Heinrich Barth and his work with the Central African Mission (1849-1855)
- John Hanning Speke and the search for the source of the Nile (1857-1863)
- Robert O'Hara Burke and his crossing of Australia (1860-1861)
- Francis Garnier and the Mekong River Expedition (1866-1868), the travels of Commander Doudart de Lagrée and the expeditions of Henri Mouhot (1826-1861) one of the first Westerners to visit Angkor
- Nikolai Przhevalsky, remembered for the wild horses named after him, whose expeditions led to a far greater understanding of Central Asia (1871-1888)
- Charles Doughty and his memorable travels in "Arabia Deserta" (1876-1878)
- The Swedish explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld and the North East Passage (1878-1879)
- Francis Younghusband (1863-1942) and his work in Tibet
- Mary Kingsley and her explorations in West Africa (1893-1895)
American Art Museum - Smithsonian Institution, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Bibliothèque Nationale de France - Département des Estampes et de la Photographie, Boston Public Library - Print Department, British Library, Christopher Wahren Fine Photographs, Creative Commons - Wikipedia, Dominic Winter Book Auctions, Donald A. Heald - Rare Books - Prints & Maps, Eastern Window (Jan van der Wal), Etherton Gallery, George Eastman Museum, Google Books, Jefferson Stereoptics, Jeffrey Kraus Antique Photographics, Library and Archives Canada, Library of Congress - Prints and Photographs Division, Museum of the History of Science, National Archives and Records Administration, National Library of Australia, National Maritime Museum, National Museum of Health and Medicine, National Portrait Gallery - NPG, NYPL - New York Public Library, Oregon State University Libraries, Private collection, Private collection of Dr. Russell A. Potter, Private collection of Jan Weijers (Servatius), Private collection of Richard O. Titus, Private collection of Roberto A. Ferrari, Roland Belgrave Vintage Photography, Scott Polar Research Institute - University of Cambridge, SFMOMA - San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Snite Museum of Art, Stereographica - Antique Photographica, Swann Galleries - New York, Toronto Reference Library, Wisconsin Historical Society.