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HomeContentsTimelines > 1937-1946

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next

Photography

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1937North America • USAThe New Bauhaus is founded in Chicago by László Moholy-Nagy and in the 1950s it is merged into the Illinois Institute of Technology. The institution follows the spirit and curriculum of the Bauhaus in Germany that was closed down in 1933 due to political pressure as the Nazis gained dominance. It has an important place in photography with Gyorgy Kepes, Nathan Lerner, Arthur Siegal, Aaron Siskind and Harry Callaghan teaching there.
1937North America • USAFirst issue of Popular Photography published (May 1937)
1937North America • USAThe retrospective exhibition Photography 1839-1937 opens in the spring at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York and is the first comprehensive exhibition on the history of photography. The exhibition is organized by Beaumont Newhall and the catalogue Photography, 1839-1937 evolves into one of the standard histories of photography and greatly influences who has been included in the accepted history.
1937North America • USAEdward Weston receives the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowship - the first awarded to a photographer.
1937North America • USA 
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Dorothea Lange
Human Erosion in California (Migrant Mother) [Nipomo, California] 
1936
As the USA is in the Great Depression of the 1930s the Farm Security Administration (FSA) is established by the Department of Agriculture. It employs many socially committed photographers to record the lives of everyday people. The archive they produce becomes one of the historical treasures of the USA. (September 1937) 
  
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1937Europe • Great BritainIn the UK the Mass Observation project is founded to record the everyday lives of common people in minute detail. It does not produce the volume of photographs of the FSA in the USA but Humphrey Spender takes 900 photographs for his Worktown project. 
  
Humphrey Spender's Humanist Landscapes: Photo-Documents, 1932-1942 
  
Humphrey Spender (Photographer)
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1937North America • USA 
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Charles Hoff
Hindenburg, Lakehurst 
1937
The airship Hindenburg explodes at Lake Hurst, New Jersey with the loss of 36 lives. Black and white shots are by taken most of the press photographers present including a sequence of three in rapid succession by Murray Becker (Associated Press). 35mm color Kodachrome photographs are taken by Gerry Sheedy (New York Sunday Mirror). (6 May 1937)
1937North America • USAMargaret Bourke-White and Erskine Caldwell publish You Have Seen Their Faces
  
You Have Seen Their Faces 
  
Erskine Caldwell; Margaret Bourke-White (Photographer); & Alan Trachtenberg
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1938North America • USA 
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Walker Evans
American Photographs 
1938
Walker Evans publishes American Photographs
  
Walker Evans: American Photographs 
  
Lincoln Kirstein; & Walker Evans (Photographer)
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1938Europe • Great Britain 
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Tom Hopkinson
Book cover for Tom Hopkinson (ed.), 1970, Picture Post 1938-50, (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 
1970
Stephan Lorant founds the photographically illustrated Picture Post in the UK. The first issue comes out on 1 October 1938 (1 October 1938)
1939North America • USA 
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Berenice Abbott
Changing New York 
1939
Berenice Abbott publishes Changing New York
  
Berenice Abbott: Changing New York 
  
Bonnie Yochelson; & Berenice Abbott
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1939North America • USA 
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Dorothea Lange
Book cover for Dorothea Lange "An American Exodus: A Record of Human Erosion. Text by Paul Taylor" (New York: Reynald Hitchcock, 1939) 
1939
Dorothea Lange publishes An American Exodus with text by Paul Schuster Taylor (New York: Reynald Hitchcock, 1939).
1939North America • USARetrospective of the documentary photography of Lewis Hine (1905 to 1938) at the Riverside Museum, N.Y. City (now the Nicholas Roerich Museum) organized by Elizabeth McCausland, Beaumont Newhall and Berenice Abbott with sponsors including Alfred Stieglitz, Paul Strand, Edward Steichen, Willard and Barbara Morgan. (January 1939)
1941North America • USA 
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Walker Evans
Book cover for Walker Evans "Let Us Now Praise Famous Men. three Tenant Families. Text by James Agee" (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1941) 
1941
Walker Evans and James Agee publish Let Us Now Praise Famous Men. Three Tenant Families (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1941).
1943North America • USAWeegee (Arthur Fellig) takes his famous photograph The Critic outside the Metropolitan Opera House in New York. Published in LIFE magazine on 6 December 1943 it pushes his career forward.
1944Europe • France 
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Robert Capa
The first wave of American troops landing on D-Day, Omaha Beach, Normandy coast, France; June 6, 1944 
[Magnum Founders] 
1944, 6 June (taken) 2007 (publication)
During the Allied invasion of Normandy (D-Day) Robert Capa photographs the landings at Omaha Beach. He exposes 106 frames of the heavily laden troops at they struggle past the steel landing craft obstructions before wading to an LCI (landing craft, infantry) to return to England with the first photographs of the invasion. All but eleven blurry images remain after the films are overheated when drying. (6 June 1944) [Read about]
1945North America • USA 
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Alexey Brodovitch
Book cover for Alexey Brodovitch "Ballet" (New York: J.J. Augustin, 1945) 
1945
Alexey Brodovitch publishes Ballet (New York: J.J. Augustin, 1945).
1945North America • USA 
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André Kertész
Book cover for André Kertész "Day of Paris" (New York: J.J. Augustin, 1945) 
1945
André Kertész publishes Day of Paris.
1945Europe • Czechoslovakia 
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Jindrich Styrsky
Book cover for Jindrich Styrsky "Na jehlßch techto dni -- On the Needles of These Days. Text by Jindrich Heisler, design by Karel Teige" (Prague: F.R. Borovy, 1945) 
1945
Jindrich Styrsky and Jindrich Heisler publish Na jehlach techto dni [On the Needles of these Days].
1945North America • USA 
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Weegee
Book cover for Weegee "Naked City" (New York: Essential Books) 
1945
Weegee (Arthur Fellig) publishes Naked City
  
Naked City (A Da Capo Paperback) 
  
Weegee
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