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HomeContentsTimelines > 1886-1905

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1886Europe • Great Britain 
Peter Henry Emerson
Gathering Water Lilies 
Peter Henry Emerson publishes Life and Landscape on the Norfolk Broads. [Read about]
1886Europe • France 
Paul Nadar
The First Photographic Interview 
1886, 8 September
Paul Nadar and Felix Tournachon carried out one of the first photo-interviews of the chemist M.E. Chevreul on his hundredth birthday and thirteen of the photographs were published in Le Journal Illustré on 5th September.
1887North America • USAJames Fairchild issued a US patent for "Apparatus for aerial photography". This used a clock mechanism to operate the shutter of a camera supported by a kite or a balloon. (8 February 1887)
1887GlobalCelluloid film becomes available
1888North America • USA 
Unidentified photographer/creator
Kodak No 1 camera 
Kodak No.1 box camera is marketed by George Eastman (Eastman Dry Plate and Film Co.) and popular amateur photography begins.
1888North America • USAFrederick Ives announces the invention of the crossline halftone screen. The halftone allows the mass reproduction of photographs in newspapers and magazines. Ives failed to patent the process and made no financial reward from his labors.
1888North America • USAGeorge Eastman patents his camera (U.S. patent No, 388,850). (4 September 1888)
1889Europe • Great Britain 
Peter Henry Emerson
Book review for P.H. Emerson "Naturalistic Photography" (New York: E. & F. Spon) 
1889, 8 June
Peter Henry Emerson publishes Naturalistic Photography for students of the art. (London, Sampson Low & Co.) that proposes photography should go outside the confines of the studio to record the natural world in an artistic style. His work on the everyday life in the Norfolk Broads in eastern England clearly shows his approach.
1889North America • USA 
George Barker
The Johnstown Calamity. Searching for bodies and clearing the wreck (Detail) 
The Johnstown Flood kills over 2,209 people in southwestern Pennsylvania when the South Fork Dam bursts. George Barker was one of those who photographed the aftermath. (31 May 1889)
1889Europe • ItalyFirst issue of the Bullettino della Società Fotografica Italiana and it continues until December 1914. (October 1889)
1890North America • USA 
Jacob A. Riis
Book cover for Jacob August Riis "How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York" by Jacob A. Riis (Charles Schribners Publishers, 1890) 
Jacob Riis publishes How the Other Half Lives on the New York slums one of the first books of social commentary backed with photographic evidence. It includes seventeen halftone photographs and a further nineteen hand drawings based upon photographs. [Read about
View exhibition 
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How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York (Penguin Classics) 
Jacob A. Riis; & Luc Sante (Introduction)
Click here to buy this book from Amazon
1890Europe • Great BritainPeter Henry Emerson publishes his bitter The death of Naturalistic Photography that argues that photography is a "very limited art" and repudiates his earlier work. [Read about]
1890North America • USAIllustrated American, the first picture magazine planned to use photographs, goes to press made possible by perfection of the halftone printing process.
Gabriel Lippmann
Professor Gabriel Lippmann introduces a color process but it never achieves popularity due to its complexity.
1892Europe • Great BritainGeorge Davison and Alfred Maskell found the Linked Ring Brotherhood in Great Britain. The fifteen original members are Bernard Alfieri, Tom Bright, Arthur Burchett (1875-1913), Henry Hay Cameron (1856-1911, son of Julia Margaret Cameron), Lyonel Clark, Francis Cobb, George Davison, Henry E. Davis, Alfred Horsley Hinton (1863-1906), Alfred Maskell, Henry Peach Robinson (1830-1901) and his son Ralph Winwood Robinson (1862-1942), Francis Seyton Scott, Henry Van der Weyde and William Willis (1841-1923). (27 May 1892) [Read about]
1893North America • USACornele B. Adams issued a patent for "Method of Photogrammetry" which used two aerial photographs of the same locality taken from a tethered balloon. (12 December 1893)
1893Europe • Great BritainThe Photographic Salon is the first show of the Linked Ring Brotherhood founded in Great Britain. (November 1893) [Read about]
1893Europe • GermanyThe first exhibition of photography held at the Hamburg Kunsthalle organized by the director Prof. Alfred Lichtwark.
1893Europe • Great BritainThe Stereoscopic Society is founded.
1894Europe • France 
Unidentified photographer/creator
Première Exposition d'Art Photographique: Paris 1894: Photo-Club De Paris 40, rue des Mathurins, 40 
[Photo-Club de Paris / 1894] 
The Photo-Club of Paris ('le Photo Club de Paris') holds its first exhibition Première exposition d'art photographique. (1 October 1894) [Read about
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