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HomeContentsTimelines > 1867-1886

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next


1868Asia • China 
John Thomson
Itinerant Barbers 
1880 (ca)
John Thomson begins work on his magnum opus Illustrations of China and its People. The book, illustrated by Woodbury-type reproductions from his original photographs, is published four volumes in 1873-74 (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low, and Searle)
1868North America • USA 
Alexander Gardner
Across the Continent on the Union Pacific Railway 
Alexander Gardner completes Union Pacific Railroad portfolio, Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad and it is among the first of the major landscape photographic studies of the American west.
1868North America • USA 
Carleton E. Watkins
#985 Effects of the Earthquake, Oct. 21, 1868, Market and First Streets (Detail) 
[Taber Pacific Coast Views] 
Carleton E. Watkins photographs the destruction of the San Francisco earthquake that ruptured the Hayward fault at 7:53 AM local time. (21 October 1868)
1869North America • USA 
A.J. Russell
East and West shaking hands at laying last rail 
[Photographs taken during construction of the Union Pacific Railroad] 
The golden spike is driven at Promontory Point, Utah Territory, linking the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads. This completes the construction of the first Transcontinental railway in North America and the ceremony is photographed by Andrew J. Russell , Alfred Hart and Charles Roscoe Savage. (10 May 1869)
1869Europe • FranceThe first issue of Revue Photographique des Hopitaux de Paris appears. Edited by Dr. A. de Montmeja, a Parisian ophthalmologist and pioneering medical photographer, it is the first medical journal to contain photographs. [Read about]
1869Europe • FranceLouis Ducos du Hauron publishes Les Couleurs en Photographie, Solution du Probleme that proposes the subtractive color process.
1870North America • USAHenry R. Heyl of Philadelphia patents the Magic lantern projector.
1871North America • USA 
Timothy H. O'Sullivan
7. Mountain transportation. Pack mule, Pack and Packers. 
[Wheeler Survey, Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian] 
1871-1874 (survey), 1871 (expedition)
1st Lt. Geo.M. Wheeler of the War Department Corp. of Engineers leads the Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian with Timothy H. O'Sullivan as the photographer.
1872Europe • FranceLouis Ducos du Hauron takes the first color photograph showing the town of Angouleme in France.
1872North America • USA 
Alexander Gardner
01 Red Cloud 
[Ogallalla Sioux] 
1872, May
Alexander Gardner photographs a delegation of Sioux Native Americans to Washington DC headed by Red Cloud. (May 1872) 
View exhibition 
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1874North America • USA 
C.M. Coolidge
US patent No. 149,724, C.M. Coolidge, Processes of Taking Photographic Pictures 
1874, 14 April (patent issued)
Cassius M. Coolidge, noted for paints of dogs playing poker, issued a patent for "Processes of Taking Photographic Pictures" (US Patent No: 149,724). The patents is for the use of comic foregrounds which are the forerunner of the comic boards with holes that people can place their heads through for a candid shot becoming part of life-size caricature. (14 April 1874)
1877North America • USA 
Eadweard Muybridge
Daisy' Cantering, Saddled (Pl.616) 
Eadweard Muybridge experiments with multiple cameras to take successive photographs of horses in motion. The experiments over multiple years result in an improved understanding of human and animal locomotion. 
Muybridge's Complete Human and Animal Locomotion: New Volume 1 (Reprint of original volumes 1-4) 
Eadweard Muybridge
Click here to buy this book from Amazon
1880North America • USAGeorge Eastman introduces Roll film for cameras.
1880North America • USA 
Steven Henry Horgan
A Scene in Shantytown, New York 
The first half-tone photograph is published in a newspaper, the New York Daily Graphic, it depicts a dilapidated shantytown. (4 March 1880)
1881North America • USA 
Scientific American 
1881, 24 September
In a rather macabre experiment the US Army blows the head off a mule to test if a 10 by 12 gelatino-bromide instantaneous Eastman dry plate can capture the explosion. It does and the official report appears in Annual Report of the Secretary of War for the Year 1882 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1882), vol. II, part 1, p. 448. (6 June 1881)
1882Europe • France 
Étienne Jules Marey
The photographic gun [Le Fusil photographique] 
French physiologist Étienne Jules Marey invents the chronophotographic gun, a camera shaped like a rifle that records twelve successive photographs per second.
1884Europe • Great BritainHenry Peach Robinson publishes Picture Making by Photography (London: Piper & Carter). This work goes through multiple editions and influences a generation of photographers in the creation of allegorical photographs of sugary sentimentality.
1884North America • USA 
B.D. Jackson
Cincinnati Flood, Smith Street, Looking South February 1884 
1884, February
The largest flood in 19th century America occurs when Ohio River rises 71.1 feet causing devastation and submerging parts of Cincinnati. The event is photographed by B.D. Jackson, J. Landy and others. (14 February 1884)
1886Europe • Great Britain 
Peter Henry Emerson
Gathering Water Lilies 
Peter Henry Emerson publishes Life and Landscape on the Norfolk Broads. [Read about]
1886Europe • France 
Paul Nadar
The First Photographic Interview 
1886, 8 September
Paul Nadar and Felix Tournachon carried out one of the first photo-interviews of the chemist M.E. Chevreul on his hundredth birthday and thirteen of the photographs were published in Le Journal Illustré on 5th September.

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next
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