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HomeContentsTimelines > 1860-1879

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next

Cultural

1862Europe • Great Britain 
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Unidentified photographer/creator
148 Case of Game Birds of Nova Scotia (Detail) 
[The International Exhibition of 1862] 
1862
London International Exhibition in South Kensington, London
1864EuropeThe first typewriter (inventor: Peter Mitterhofer)
1866Europe • FranceColor lithography popularized by Jules Chéret (1836–1932) in France. This made it possible to print large colored advertising posters for the first time.
1867AfricaAdam Render and Carl Mauch publish research on the ruins of Great Zimbabwe.
1867Europe • FranceThe Paris International Exhibition is held.
1867Africa • Southern AfricaDiamonds discovered in Cape Colony.
1869EuropeDNA is extracted by the Swiss physician Frederick Miescher - he calls it nuclein
1870North America • USAMetropolitan Museum of Art is founded in New York.
1870North America • USAMuseum of Fine Arts is founded in Boston.
1870Asia • IndiaThe Archaeological Survey of India is founded [Read about]
1874Europe • France 
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Nadar
Studio of Nadar at 35 Boulevard des Capucines, Paris (detail) 
1860
Nadar holds the first exhibition of Impressionist paintings (15 April-15 May 1874) at his photographic studio at 35 boulevard des Capucines, Paris. The Salon had refused their paintings in 1873 and the painters, who collectively called themselves the Societé anonyme des artistes peintres, sculpteurs, graveurs, mounted the show as a protest. The name Impressionism was taken from one of Monet's paintings Impression: Sunrise and originated in a derogatory comment from a journalist. (15 April 1874)
1874Africa • Central AfricaGerman botanist Georg Schweinfurth publishes The Heart of Africa and it promotes interest in the Kingdoms of Central Africa.
1875AfricaThe Free Church of Scotland establishes the Livingstonia Mission at the southern end of Lake Malawi
1875North America • USABell transmits first voice message over wires (2 June 1875)
1876North America • USACentennial Exposition also known as the International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine opens in Philadelphia
1878North America • USAFirst North American telephone exchange established at New Haven, Connecticut.

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next
 
  
 
  
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