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HomeContentsTimelines > 1859-1868

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next


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1859North America • USABlondin crosses the Niagara Falls on a tightrope and is photographed by William England for the London Stereoscopic Co. The stereocard becomes the most popular they ever published selling over 100,000 copies.
1859Europe • FranceOn Photography, a section of Charles Baudelaire’s review of the annual Salon, fiercely condemns the medium.
1859North America • USA 
Silsbee, Case & Co.
[Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1809-94] 
1860 (ca)
Oliver Wendell Holmes lauds “The Stereoscope and the Stereograph” in The Atlantic Monthly. He is the first to use the term stereograph.
1859Europe • FranceA group of artists and photographers, including Eugène Delacroix, Francis Wey and Gustave Le Gray succeed in getting photography included in the 1859 Paris Salon but the photography section has a separate entrance.
1859Europe • UKpatents the first Panoramic Camera, appropriately called "The Sutton". The camera was at first produced by F. Cox and later by Thomas Ross (London). Thomas Sutton
1859Europe • FranceEmperor Napoleon III of France departing for the Austro-Sardinian War in Italy with his army stops at the studio of André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri to have his portrait taken. Although Disderi had the patent for carte-de-visite from 1854 this incident creates the publicity for a craze for photographic visiting cards that sweeps across the world. Whilst this makes for a good story that is often repeated subsequent research indicates that it is probably false. (May 1859)
1860North America • MexicoDésiré Charnay publishes Album fotografico Mexicano with twenty five photographs detailing his studies of Mayan ruins.
1860Europe • Great Britain 
J.E. Mayall
The Queen and Prince Consort 
John Jabez Edwin Mayall takes portraits of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and their children which encourages the collecting of photographic cards of celebrities. (May 1860)
1860North America • USA 
James Wallace Black
Aerial view of Boston 
1860, 13 October
James Wallace Black took an aerial photograph of Boston, MA, USA. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, Robert O. Dougan Collection, Gift of Warner Communications Inc., 1981 (1981.1229.4) (13 October 1860)
1861Europe • Great BritainJames Clerk Maxwell demonstrates that by using three filters of the primary colors (red, green and blue) a full color image can be projected. This is the foundation of the additive process.
1861Europe • Italian states 
Eugène Sevaistre
La batteria Presidio (o Cappelletti) [Gaeta, Italy] 
1860-1861 (ca)
Eugène Sevaistre uses a stereoscopic camera to obtain a faster exposure during the siege of Gaeta (near Naples) during the war between the King of Naples, Francesco II Borbone and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
1861North America • USA 
Carleton E. Watkins
Stereoview of Yosemite 
Carleton E. Watkins makes his first trip to Yosemite Valley in California with a 100 mammoth glass plate negatives. Each plate weighs 4 lbs and is approximately 18 x 22 inches and captures the grandeur with remarkable fidelity. During the trip he takes 30 mammoth plates and one hundred stereoscopic negatives.
1861North America • USAThe earliest two patent applications for a photo album in the US were by F.R. Grumel, Geneva, Switzerland on May 14 1861 followed by H.T. Anthony (of E. & H.T. Anthony) and Frank Phoebus with another application for an album on May 28th 1861. (14 May 1861)
1862Central America 
Désiré Charnay
The Great Palace at Mitla, interior of the Court 
Désiré Charnay (1828–1915) after returning to France from his travels in Central America (1857 and 1860) publishes Cités et ruines américaines. The book is published in two volumes (1862/1863) and includes forty-nine original photographs.
1862Europe • France 
Duchenne & Adrien Tournachon
Plate Nr. 10 
[Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse électrophysiologique des passions] 
Guillaume-Amant Duchenne de Boulogne (1806-1875) publishes his findings on facial muscles in the album Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse électrophysiologique des passions. He stimulates different facial expressions in his subjects with electrical shocks and photographs them. This is one of the earliest photographically illustrated medical research reports.
1862Asia • Japan 
Felice Beato
Satsuma's envoys 
1864-1867 (ca)
Felice Beato arrives in Japan to produce photos of "native types".
1863Europe • Great Britain 
George Frederick Watts (artist)
Julia Margaret Cameron 
Julia Margaret Cameron takes up photography after she is given a camera as a present.
1863Asia • India 
Bourne & Shepherd
Interior of the Bourne & Shepherd Photographic Studio, Calcutta, India 
Samuel Bourne arrives in Calcutta in early 1863. He becomes one of the preeminent photographers of British India and the Himalayas until his departure in 1870 or 1871. He has partnerships with Robertson and Howard but the most enduring was his work with Charles Shepherd and the company they created Bourne and Shepherd still continues today in Calcutta making it one of the longest established photography companies in the world.
1863North America • USA 
Alexander Gardner
Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter 
[Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the War. Incidents of the War, pl. 41] 
Alexander Gardner “fakes” photographs of Confederate sharpshooters by moving a single corpse around to use as a prop after the Battle of Gettysburg.
1864Europe • Great Britain 
Unidentified photographer/creator
Sheffield Flood, Bachelor Joseph Chapman, tailor of Hillsbrough survived by getting in this box 
James Mudd photographs the aftermath of the devastating Sheffield Flood in Northern England. (11 March 1864) [Read about]

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