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HomeContentsTimelines > 1851-1860

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next

Photography

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1854Europe • Great BritainAt the first exhibition of the Photographic Society in London Roger Fenton explains the photographs to the royal party of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
1854Asia • IndiaPhotographic Society of Bombay is founded
1854Europe • France 
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André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri 
n.d.
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri is granted a patent for carte-de-visite. Eight poses were made on a single sheet and then they could be cut down to 2 1/4 x 3 1/2 inches and mounted on a 2 1/2 x 4 inch card.
 
His studio was established using the dowry of his wife Elizabeth who was also a photographer and his business partner. (McCauley, Elizabeth A., 1985, A.A.E. Disderi and the Carte De Visite Portrait Photograph, Yale University Press) (November 1854)
1854Europe • Great Britain 
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Isaac A. Rehn
Family Group 
1855
Ambrotypes (collodion positives) make their first appearance having being invented by Frederick Scott Archer (1813-1857) with the assistance of Peter Fry. Being a negative on a glass base they were cheaper than the Daguerreotype but retained the clarity of detail.
1855North America • USA 
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George Robinson Fardon
View of a portion of the City and Bay, from Taylor street - in the distance the U.S. Hospital. 
[San Francisco Album. Photographs of the Most Beautiful Views and Public Buildings of San Francisco] 
1855 (ca)
George Robinson Fardon takes photographs for the album San Francisco Album. Photographs of the Most Beautiful Views and Public Buildings of San Francisco (ca. 1855). This album of albumenized salt prints is published by Herre & Bauer and has the distinction of being the first album of photographs of any American city. 
  
View exhibition 
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1856North America • CanadaWilliam Notman commences his stereographic photographs of the city of Montreal.
1856Europe • Great BritainJohn Benjamin Dancer applies for a patent for a stereoscopic camera (patent 2064, applied for: 1856-09-05, granted: 1857-02-27), allowing both images to be taken at the same time. Sets of stereographs quickly become popular.
1856North America • USA 
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Wooden box of Melainotype Plates for Neff's Patent, 19th Feb, 1856 
1856, 19 February
Neff's Patent for Melainotype plates. (19 February 1856)
1857North America • USA 
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Alexander Beckers of New York City patented a stereo-viewer on April 7, 1857. It had a revolving mechanism which allowed multiple views of different types to be inspected sequentially by turning a knob. 
n.d.
Alexander Beckers of New York City patents a stereo-viewer with a revolving mechanism which allows multiple views of different types to be inspected sequentially by turning a knob. (7 April 1857)
1857Europe • Great Britain 
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Oscar Gustave Rejlander
Two Ways of Life 
1857
Queen Victoria purchases the allegorical photomontage The Two Ways of Life by Oscar Gustave Rejlander at the Art Treasures Exhibition in Manchester. [Read about]
1857Europe • Great BritainPhotography by Lady Elizabeth Eastlake is published in the London Quarterly Review.
1858Europe • France 
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Honoré Daumier
NADAR élevant la Photographie à la hauteur de l'Art. [NADAR elevating Photography to Art.] 
1862, 25 May
Nadar takes the first aerial photograph from a balloon over Paris.
1858North America • USAWilliam & Frederick Langenheim publish their American Stereographic Views.
1858Europe • Great Britain 
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Charles Piazzi Smyth
Illustration from Teneriffe - An Astronomer's Experiment, by C. Piazzi Smyth. 
1858
The first book illustrated with original stereographs is published in London. The book by the astronomer Charles Piazzi Smyth is Teneriffe, an Astronomer's experiment: or, specialities of a residence above the clouds.
1859Europe • FranceEmperor Napoleon III of France departing for the Austro-Sardinian War in Italy with his army stops at the studio of André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri to have his portrait taken. Although Disderi had the patent for carte-de-visite from 1854 this incident creates the publicity for a craze for photographic visiting cards that sweeps across the world. Whilst this makes for a good story that is often repeated subsequent research indicates that it is probably false. (May 1859)
1859North America • USABlondin crosses the Niagara Falls on a tightrope and is photographed by William England for the London Stereoscopic Co. The stereocard becomes the most popular they ever published selling over 100,000 copies.
1859Europe • FranceOn Photography, a section of Charles Baudelaire’s review of the annual Salon, fiercely condemns the medium.
1859North America • USA 
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Silsbee, Case & Co.
[Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1809-94] 
1860 (ca)
Oliver Wendell Holmes lauds “The Stereoscope and the Stereograph” in The Atlantic Monthly. He is the first to use the term stereograph.
1859Europe • FranceA group of artists and photographers, including Eugène Delacroix, Francis Wey and Gustave Le Gray succeed in getting photography included in the 1859 Paris Salon but the photography section has a separate entrance.
1859Europe • UKpatents the first Panoramic Camera, appropriately called "The Sutton". The camera was at first produced by F. Cox and later by Thomas Ross (London). Thomas Sutton

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