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HomeContentsTimelines > 1849-1868

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next

Photography

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1849Middle East 
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Maxime Du Camp
Kalabscheh. Ptolémée Caesarion 
[Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie, pl. 91] 
1850
Maxime Du Camp (1822–1894) sets out on an official mission to photograph the sites and monuments of Egypt, Palestine and Syria.
1849Europe • Great Britain 
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Maull & Polybank (London)
Scottish Physicist, Sir David Brewster (1781-1868), inventor of the refracting stereoscope and the Kaleidoscope. He is also credited with inventing the first twin lens stereoscopic camera. 
n.d.
Sir David Brewster develops the lenticular stereoscope.
1850Europe • Great Britain 
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Richard Beard
The Oyster Stall 
1861
Henry Mayhew publishes London Labor and London Poor with wood engravings based on Daguerreotypes that were taken under the supervision of Richard Beard (1802-1885).
1850Europe • FranceLouis-Désiré Blanquart-Evrard perfects a process for making positive prints coated with albumen. This is one of the most popular types of photographic prints through the nineteenth century.
1850North America • USA 
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Unidentified photographer/creator
Untitled 
n.d.
The first issue of The Daguerreian Journal: devoted to the Daguerreian and Photogenic Arts is published in New York. It is the world's first photographic journal. (November 1850)
1850Europe • FranceLouis Jules Duboscq in Paris manufactures the first functioning stereoscopic viewer.
1850North America • USAMathew Brady publishes his collection A Gallery of Illustrious Americans.
1851Europe • FranceMissions Héliographiques established in France with Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Gustave Le Gray, Henri Le Secq and Auguste Mestral recording the architectural patrimony of France.
1851Europe • Great Britain 
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Frederick Scott Archer
Frederick Scott Archer 
1855 (ca)
Frederick Scott Archer publishes his invention of the wet collodion process in a copy of The Chemist. Although a more complex process than Daguerreotype it has finer detail and a faster exposure time. It was the basis for the ambrotype and the tintype that became popular later in the decade. (March 1851)
1851Europe • FranceLouis-Désiré Blanquart-Evrard (1802-1872) opens a photographic print making firm in Lille. The Maxime Du Camp work Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie that starts to appear in instalments from September 1851 onwards is the first book it produces the plates for.
1851Europe • FranceThe Societé Héliographique is founded in Paris. Headed by Baron Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gros (1793-1870) the society includes Gustave Le Gray, Henri-Victor Regnault, Henri Le Secq and the painter Delacroix. (January 1851)
1851Europe • France 
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Eugene Piot
Florence: Santa Maria del Fiore. Détails du 1er et du 2e ordre. 1296 et 1425 
[L'Italie Monumentale] 
1853
The photographs of Eugène Piot are used for the first French book illustrated with photographs - Italie Monumentale. (May 1851)
1851Europe • Great Britain 
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David Brewster
Fig. 115 David Brewster 
1864 (published)
Queen Victoria is presented with a deluxe stereoscope by David Brewster beginning the craze in stereographs.
1853Europe • France 
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Nadar
Nadar 
n.d.
Nadar (Gaspard-Félix Tournachon) opens a photographic studio in Paris that rapidly becomes the leading portrait studio for the cultured elite of Parisian society.
1853North America • USA 
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George N. Barnard
Fire in the Ames Mills, Oswego, New York 
1853, July 5
Two photographs are taken of the burning Mills at Oswego, New York by George N. Barnard who would become one of the great photographers of the American Civil War (1861-1865). (5 July 1853) [Read about]
1853North America • USA 
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Platt D. Babbitt
[Joseph Avery stranded on rocks in the Niagara River] 
1853, July
Platt D. Babbit photographs events leading up to the tragic death of Joseph Avery at Niagara Falls. Babbitt was awarded a monopoly to take Daguerreotypes at the Falls in 1853, using the Horseshoe Falls as his setting, and sells his plates to tourists. (July 1853) [Read about]
1853North America • USA 
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Unidentified photographer/creator
Hancock House, Boston: An original Crystallotype or Sun Picture 
1854
Homes of American Statesman is published and is the first American book containing a photograph. The photograph is a tipped in salt print frontispiece of John Hancock's Boston house.
1853Europe • Great BritainPreliminary meetings are held with a view to forming the Photographic Society of London. The first public meeting takes place on 20th January 1854. Roger Fenton is the Honorary Secretary for the group and Charles Eastlake the first President.
1853North America • USA 
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Washington Lafayette Germon
Quarter plate Mascher Stereo Daguerreotype by W. L German, Philadelphia. 
n.d.
John Frederick Mascher of Philadelphia, USA patents a stereo viewing apparatus consisting of a case with a fold-out set of lenses. These are now known as Mascher stereo cases.
1854Europe • France 
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André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri 
n.d.
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri is granted a patent for carte-de-visite. Eight poses were made on a single sheet and then they could be cut down to 2 1/4 x 3 1/2 inches and mounted on a 2 1/2 x 4 inch card.
 
His studio was established using the dowry of his wife Elizabeth who was also a photographer and his business partner. (McCauley, Elizabeth A., 1985, A.A.E. Disderi and the Carte De Visite Portrait Photograph, Yale University Press) (November 1854)

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