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HomeContentsTimelines > 1844-1853

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next


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1844Europe • Great Britain 
Henry Fox Talbot
Cover for The Pencil of Nature by William Henry Fox Talbot 
[The Pencil of Nature] 
Henry Fox Talbot publishes the first part of The Pencil of Nature which is one of the first books containing photographs. It comes out in an instalment of six parts between 1844 and 1846 and contains 24 photographs in total. 
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1844Asia • China 
Jules Itier
Groupe pris dans une rue de Canton 
1844, November
Jules Itier (1802-1877) with the French customs service on a commercial mission to China takes what may be the earliest photographs of Macao [Macau] and wrote:
"I spent the last two days capturing the most interesting features of Macau on daguerreotype; the people on the streets respond with greatest kindness to all my demands, and many Chinese allowed photographs to be taken of them, but I had to show them the inside of the apparatus and the object reflected on the polished glass."
As the head of the French trade commission in China he takes a Daguerreotype of the signing of the Sino-French peace treaty. (24 October 1844)
1844North America • USA 
Mathew B. Brady
Business card for Brady's Daguerrean Galleries 
Mathew Brady (1823–1896) establishes a photographic studio in Washington. 
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1845Europe • Great Britain 
Henry Fox Talbot
Book cover for "Sun Pictures in Scotland" by William Henry Fox Talbot 
[Sun Pictures in Scotland] 
Henry Fox Talbot publishes Sun Pictures in Scotland that includes locations associated with the novelist Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832). [Read about]
1845North America • USA 
William Langenheim
Frederick Langenheim Looking at Talbotypes 
1849-1851 (ca)
Langenheim & Langenheim , the two brothers William and Frederick, take a panorama of Niagara Falls using five separate Daguerreotypes. (July 1845)
1845Europe • France 
Armand Hippolyte Fizeau
Fig. 13. M. Fizeau 
1864 (published)
Armand Hippolyte Fizeau (1819-1896) working with Léon Foucault (1819-1868) takes the first photograph of the sun.
1847Europe • Great BritainThe Calotype Club is founded in London.
1847North America • USAThe African-American photographers Glenalvin and Wallace Goodridge establish their daguerreotype studio in York, Pennsylvania. 
Enterprising Images: the Goodridge Brothers, African American Photographers, 1847-1922 
John Vincent Jezierski (Author)
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1847North America • USA 
Thomas Easterly
Daguerreotype of a Streak of Lightning taken June 18th 1847 at 9 o'clock P.M. By T.M. Easterly St. Louis Mo. 
1847, 18 June (taken) 1874-1878 (cabinet card)
Thomas Easterly makes what may be the first ever photograph of a streak of lightning on a daguerreotype plate. (18 June 1847)
1849Middle East 
Maxime Du Camp
Kalabscheh. Ptolémée Caesarion 
[Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie, pl. 91] 
Maxime Du Camp (1822–1894) sets out on an official mission to photograph the sites and monuments of Egypt, Palestine and Syria.
1849Europe • Great Britain 
Maull & Polyblank
Scottish Physicist, Sir David Brewster (1781-1868), inventor of the refracting stereoscope and the Kaleidoscope. He is also credited with inventing the first twin lens stereoscopic camera. 
Sir David Brewster develops the lenticular stereoscope.
1850Europe • FranceLouis Jules Duboscq in Paris manufactures the first functioning stereoscopic viewer.
1850North America • USAMathew Brady publishes his collection A Gallery of Illustrious Americans.
1850North America • USA 
Unidentified photographer/creator
The first issue of The Daguerreian Journal: devoted to the Daguerreian and Photogenic Arts is published in New York. It is the world's first photographic journal. (November 1850)
1850Europe • FranceLouis-Désiré Blanquart-Evrard perfects a process for making positive prints coated with albumen. This is one of the most popular types of photographic prints through the nineteenth century.
1850Europe • Great Britain 
Richard Beard
The Oyster Stall 
Henry Mayhew publishes London Labor and London Poor with wood engravings based on Daguerreotypes that were taken under the supervision of Richard Beard (1802-1885).
1851Europe • FranceMissions Héliographiques established in France with Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Gustave Le Gray, Henri Le Secq and Auguste Mestral recording the architectural patrimony of France.
1851Europe • Great Britain 
Frederick Scott Archer
Frederick Scott Archer 
1855 (ca)
Frederick Scott Archer publishes his invention of the wet collodion process in a copy of The Chemist. Although a more complex process than Daguerreotype it has finer detail and a faster exposure time. It was the basis for the ambrotype and the tintype that became popular later in the decade. (March 1851)
1851Europe • FranceLouis-Désiré Blanquart-Evrard (1802-1872) opens a photographic print making firm in Lille. The Maxime Du Camp work Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie that starts to appear in instalments from September 1851 onwards is the first book it produces the plates for.
1851Europe • FranceThe Societé Héliographique is founded in Paris. Headed by Baron Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gros (1793-1870) the society includes Gustave Le Gray, Henri-Victor Regnault, Henri Le Secq and the painter Delacroix. (January 1851)

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