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HomeContentsTimelines > 1840-1859

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next

Photography

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1840North America • USAAlexander Simon Wolcott and John Johnson open the world's first Daguerreian Parlor in New York. (March 1840)
1840Europe • AustriaFirst lens designed specifically for photographic purposes by Hungarian-born Jůzeph Petzval (1807-1891).
1840Europe • Great Britain 
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Julia Margaret Cameron
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Baronet, Collingswood 
1867, 7 April
John Herschel successfully fixes sensitized paper using his 1819 discovery of hyposulphite of soda dissolved in silver salts still used today called hypo.
1840North America • USA 
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John William Draper
Spectrograph 
1840
John William Draper (1811-1882) takes the first Daguerrian plate showing the solar spectrum.
1841Europe • Great Britain 
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Antoine Claudet
William Henry Fox Talbot 
1844 (ca)
Henry Fox Talbot patents the calotype process. It is a negative-positive process that has advantages over the Daguerreotype positives of which there was only ever a single copy. Calotypes were also called Talbotypes though the inventor never approved of this. (February 1841)
1841Europe • Great BritainHenry Collen opens the first Calotype studio in London under a license from Henry Fox Talbot and uses the portraits as a starting point for miniatures. (August 1841)
1841Europe • IrelandThe first Daguerreotype studio in Ireland opens in Dublin above "the Rotunda". It was probably under the auspices of Richard Beard but this is not certain. On 23rd April 1842 an advertisement appeared announcing that Le Chevalier Alexander Doussin Dubreuil had commenced practice at this address. (23 October 1841)
1842Europe • France 
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NoŽl Marie Paymal Lerebours
Excursions daguerriennes : vues et monuments les plus remarquables du globe. (Title page, vol. 1) ([1841]-1842) 
[Excursions daguerriennes : vues et monuments les plus remarquables du globe] 
1841-1842
Excursions Daguťrriennes, by NoŽl Marie Paymal Lerebours is published; it is the first travel book illustrated with engravings from original daguerreotypes.
1842Europe • Germany 
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Unidentified photographer/creator
View of the Conflagration of the City of Hamburg 
1842
The Hamburg Fire is photographed by Carl Ferdinand Stelzner (1805-1894), a painter of miniatures, and Hermann Biow (?-1850). It is the first news event photographed. (5 May 1842) [Read about]
1842Europe • Great Britain 
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Richard Beard
Signature of Daguerreotypist Richard Beard 
n.d.
Richard Beard opens his public portrait studio for Daguerreotypes on the roof of the Royal Polytechnic Institution in London. (23 March 1842)
1843Europe • Scotland 
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Hill & Adamson
D.O. Hill 
1843 (ca)
The partnership of Hill & Adamson (David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson) forms in Scotland. They jointly produce outstanding portraits until the premature death of Adamson in 1848. 
  
View exhibition 
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1843North America • Mexico 
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Unidentified photographer/creator
Izamal, Gigantic Head 
1848
John Lloyd Stephens (1805-1852) was one of the great explorers of the mesoamerican archaeological sites of Yucatan in Mexico. For the discoveries he described in his book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan (1843) Dr. Cabot took daguerreotypes.
1844North America • USA 
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Mathew B. Brady
Business card for Brady's Daguerrean Galleries 
n.d.
Mathew Brady (1823Ė1896) establishes a photographic studio in Washington. 
  
View exhibition 
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1844Europe • Great Britain 
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Henry Fox Talbot
Cover for "the Pencil of Nature" by William Henry Fox Talbot 
[The Pencil of Nature] 
1844
Henry Fox Talbot publishes the first part of The Pencil of Nature which is one of the first books containing photographs. It comes out in an instalment of six parts between 1844 and 1846 and contains 24 photographs in total. 
  
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1844Asia • China 
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Jules Itier
Groupe pris dans une rue de Canton 
1844, November
Jules Itier (1802-1877) with the French customs service on a commercial mission to China takes what may be the earliest photographs of Macao [Macau] and wrote:
 
"I spent the last two days capturing the most interesting features of Macau on daguerreotype; the people on the streets respond with greatest kindness to all my demands, and many Chinese allowed photographs to be taken of them, but I had to show them the inside of the apparatus and the object reflected on the polished glass."
 
As the head of the French trade commission in China he takes a Daguerreotype of the signing of the Sino-French peace treaty. (24 October 1844)
1845Europe • Great Britain 
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Henry Fox Talbot
Book cover for "Sun Pictures in Scotland" by William Henry Fox Talbot 
[Sun Pictures in Scotland] 
1845
Henry Fox Talbot publishes Sun Pictures in Scotland that includes locations associated with the novelist Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832). [Read about]
1845North America • USA 
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William Langenheim
Frederick Langenheim Looking at Talbotypes 
1849-1851 (ca)
Langenheim & Langenheim , the two brothers William and Frederick, take a panorama of Niagara Falls using five separate Daguerreotypes. (July 1845)
1845Europe • France 
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Armand Hippolyte Fizeau
Fig. 13. M. Fizeau 
1864 (published)
Armand Hippolyte Fizeau (1819-1896) working with Lťon Foucault (1819-1868) takes the first photograph of the sun.
1847Europe • Great BritainThe Calotype Club is founded in London.
1847North America • USAThe African-American photographers Glenalvin and Wallace Goodridge establish their daguerreotype studio in York, Pennsylvania. 
  
Enterprising Images: the Goodridge Brothers, African American Photographers, 1847-1922 
  
John Vincent Jezierski (Author)
Click here to buy this book from Amazon
 

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