In England George Davison
(1856-1930) followed Emerson
's approach and a group of twelve photographers called The Linked Ring Brotherhood
broke away from 'The Photographic Society'
in 1892 because of it's lack of interest in art photography. The first show of The Linked Ring Brotherhood
in November 1893 was called the Photographic Salon
and included works by Henry Peach Robinson
(1830-1901), George Davison
(1856-1930) and Frank Meadow Sutcliffe
(1853-1941). The show divided the critics into those that saw that photography was indeed an art and those that saw that it wasn't! Camera clubs now started to be more selective in the works they selected for exhibition and some required artistic rather than purely technical merit.
Early members of the Brotherhood included:
The list is instructive because it shows how quickly the influence of the Brotherhood spread through international photographic exhibitions modelled on the annual London Salon
. The membership of the Linked Ring
soon included photographers from Austria (Hugo Henneberg
), France (Paul Martin
) and America (Alfred Stieglitz
, Sarah Sears
, Clarence H. White
). International photographic exhibitions were the ideal means to show the new works being produced and were soon being held in major cities - Vienna (1892), Hamburg (1893), Paris (1894), Turin (1897) and Berlin (1899).
|Frederick Evans (1853-1943)|
|Frederick H. Evans was a London bookseller who turned to photography later in life - he selected religious architecture, especially the great cathedrals of England and France, as a subject that the camera was well suited for being able to capture the subtle tonalities of the subdued stone interiors. Whilst these remain the most famous of his work he also took landscapes and portraits including one of Fred Holland Day, another noted photographer, in Arab costume (ca. 1901) during a masquerade with Alvin Langdon Coburn.
The photographic historian Beaumont Newhall published the definitive monograph "Frederick Evans: Photographer of the Majesty, Light and Space of the Medieval Cathedrals of England and France" in 1973 (Aperture).
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