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HomeContentsThemes > Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)

WARNING
Warning: The photographs within this theme and the sections on individual wars are of a graphic and violent nature - if you are sensitive to these issues then you should not view this theme.
 
Disclaimer: This section of the website uses examples from wars and rebellions to highlight the works of photographers - this is not to make a political point but to appreciate that there are different global perspectives on each event. If there is a general point it is about the inhumanity of war.
 
  
We are always interested in improving the content on this website so please get in contact if you have any suggestions...
 
  
A major change in war photography came in the 1920's with the invention and increased availability of portable 35mm film cameras and flash equipment. These allowed photographers to move unencumbered into the heart of the action - whilst this reduced the lifespan of the war photographer it brought an immediacy to the photographs. Robert Capa's photograph of the Loyalist soldier being hit by machine gun fire demonstrates this here you have the very moment of death caught during the Spanish Civil War - this would have been impossible without the quick lenses developed during the 1920's and 30's.
Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death, Cerro Muriano
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Robert Capa
Book cover for "V▀lky, voj▀ci, fotografie" [War, Soldiers, Photography] by Czech photohistorian Ludvik Soucek. the designer was Libor Fara. (Publisher: Praha, Na▄e Vojsko, 1968). The introduction was dated 1964-65. 
1968
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Robert Capa
Book cover for Anna Farova, ed. "Robert Capa" (New York: Grossman Publishers, 1969) 
1969
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Robert Capa
Book cover for "Robert Capa: 1913-1954" (New York: Grossman Publishers, 1974) 
1974
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Robert Capa
Death of a Republican Soldier, Spain, near Cerro Muriano, about September 5, 1936 
1936
There are few photographs in the history of photography that can be called classics of a genre and in the case of war photography it is normally the tragic ones that are.
 
Robert Capa's image of the Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death, Cerro Muriano, and this is the official title, taken on about 5 September 1936 during the Spanish Civil War is one of these. The photograph was published in ‘Vu‘ magazine on 23 September 1936 (pp. 1106-1107) accompanied by photographs of Cerro Muriano refugees.
 
There has been intensive research on this photograph and controversy over what exactly took place. Although we may never know for certain what happened on that hillside the photograph is the most famous of Robert Capa‘s remarkable career and one of the landmarks of photojournalism.
 
For those interested read the 1985 book ‘Robert Capa: A Biography‘ by Richard Whelan. In the more recent 2002 biography ‘Blood and Champagne: The Life and Times of Robert Capa‘ by Alex Kershaw a whole chapter is on this photograph. There is also the article ‘Proving that Robert Capa's "Falling Soldier" is Genuine: A Detective Story‘ by Richard Whelan that was published in Aperture magazine, No. 166, Spring 2002.
[Checklist]Click on image for details 
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Heart of Spain: Robert Capa's Photographs of the Spanish Civil War 
  
Robert Capa; Juan P. Fusi Aizpurua; Richard Whelan; Fusi Aizpurua; & Catherine Coleman
Click here to buy this book from Amazon
 
  
Slightly Out of Focus 
  
Robert Capa; & Richard Whelan (Introduction)
Click here to buy this book from Amazon
 
Spanish Civil War
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Gerda Taro
The Death of Gerda Taro 
1938
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Gerda Taro
The Death of Gerda Taro 
1938
  
Card No.89 in the 'True Stories of Modern Warfare' series produced by Gum Inc. in 1938 commemorates the death of the German born photojournalist Gerda Taro in the Spanish Civil War.
[Checklist]Click on image for details 
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Posters from the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)
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Josep Renau
10 De Mayo Pasaremo [Spanish Civil War] 
1930s (ca)
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Companys Camperols 
1930s (ca)
  
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