|Other: Robert Louis Frank |
|Dates: ||1924, 9 November - |
|Born: ||Switzerland, Zurich|
|Active: ||US / Canada|
American photographer and filmmaker.
For researchers one of the most important collections is the National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.) which has an archive of his negatives, contacts, workprints and fine prints. It also has a large resource of supporting bibliographical and research materials.
Biography provided by Focal Press
The Americans (1958–1959), constructed from 800 rolls of 35mm film of Frank’s travels across the United States, became the seminal photographic publication for mid-twentieth century street photographers. Frank powered his book by arranging his images in sequences, which have completeness and make-up that no single image possesses. Part of the restless New York City Beat scene, the Swiss-born Jewish photographer had the astute ability of an outsider to critically examine booming post-WWII American culture and found a languor of alienation and loneliness. Open to possibilities, Frank was able to imagine photographs that nobody else had thought to make. Intuitively using a small Leica in available light situations as an extension of his body, he disregarded the photojournalistic standards of construction and content matter. Frank’s stealthful, disjointed form; his use of blur, grain, and movement; and his off-kilter compositions, became the emotional, unpicturesque, and gestural carrier of what would be the new 35 mm message: The freedom to discover new content and formal methods of making photographs.
(Author: Robert Hirsch - Independent scholar and writer)
Michael Peres (Editor-in-Chief), 2007, Focal Encyclopedia of Photography, 4th edition, (Focal Press) [ISBN-10: 0240807405, ISBN-13: 978-0240807409]
(Used with permission)
Alexander, Stuart, 2006, ‘Trolley - New Orleans‘, in Mark Haworth-Booth (ed.), The Folio Society Book of the 100 Greatest Photographs, pp.158-159 [Δ]
Eskenazi, Jason, 2012, The Americans List: By the Glow of the Juke Box, (Red Hook Editions) [Δ]
Guimond, James, 1991, American Photography and the American Dream, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press) [Δ]
Papageorge, Tod, 1981, Walker Evans & Robert Frank: An Essay on Influence, (New Haven, CT.: Yale University Art Gallery) [Δ]
Readings on, or by, individual photographers
Alexander, Stuart, 1986, Robert Frank: A Bibliography, Filmography, and Exhibitions Chronology 1946-1985, (Tucson, AZ: Center for Creative Photography) [Δ]
Eskildsen, Ute, 2008, Robert Frank: Paris, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3865215246 isbn-13: 978-3865215246 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 1958, Les Américains, (Paris: Delpire) [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 1959, The Americans, (New York: Grove Press) [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 1972, The Lines of My Hand, (Tokyo: Yugensha) [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 1989, The Lines of My Hand, (New York: Pantheon Books) [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2008, London/Wales, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3865213626 isbn-13: 978-3865213624 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2008, Peru, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3865216927 isbn-13: 978-3865216922 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2010, Tal uf Tal Ab, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869301015 isbn-13: 978-3869301013 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2011, Pangnirtung, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869301988 isbn-13: 978-3869301983 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2012, Valencia, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869305029 isbn-13: 978-3869305028 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2012, You Would, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869304189 isbn-13: 978-3869304182 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2013, Household Inventory Record, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869306602 isbn-13: 978-3869306605 [Δ]
Frank, Robert, 2013, Park/Sleep, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869305851 isbn-13: 978-3869305851 [Δ]
Frank, Robert & Cohen, John, 2012, Pull My Daisy, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869304286 isbn-13: 978-3869304281 [Film by Robert Frank. Text and photographs by John Cohen.] [Δ]
Galassi, Peter (ed.), 2014, Robert Frank: In America, (Steidl / Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts, Stanford University) isbn-13: 978-3869307350 [Exhibition catalogue] [Δ]
Greenough, Sarah, Brookman, Philip et al., 1995, Robert Frank: Moving Out, (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art) [Δ]
Penman, Ian; Brookman, Philip & Frank, Robert, 2012, Story Lines, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3865210414 isbn-13: 978-3865210418 [Δ]
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - firstname.lastname@example.org
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|Family history |
If you are related to this photographer and interested in tracking down your extended family we can place a note here for you to help. It is free and you would be amazed who gets in touch.
Exhibitions on this website
|Robert Frank: The Americans|
|Robert Frank: Video covers|
All photographs by this photographer
|National Gallery of Art (Washington D.C.) |
Has major collections of Harry Callahan, Walker Evans, Lee Friedlander, Robert Frank, Irving Penn and Alfred Stieglitz. There are a number of exhibitions on-line but to locate the holdings for an individual photographer you need to use the search options
The following books are useful starting points to obtain brief biographies but they are not substitutes for the monographs on individual photographers.
|• Auer, Michele & Michel 1985 Encyclopedie Internationale Des Photographes de 1839 a Nos Jours / Photographers Encylopaedia International 1839 to the present (Hermance, Editions Camera Obscura) 2 volumes [A classic reference work for biographical information on photographers.] |
• Beaton, Cecil & Buckland, Gail 1975 The Magic Eye: The Genius of Photography from 1839 to the Present Day (Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown & Company) p.215 [Useful short biographies with personal asides and one or more example images.]
• Capa, Cornell (ed.) 1984 The International Center of Photography: Encyclopedia of Photography (New York, Crown Publishers, Inc. - A Pound Press Book) p.210-211
• Evans, Martin Marix (Executive ed.) 1995 Contemporary Photographers [Third Edition] (St. James Press - An International Thomson Publishing Company) [Expensive reference work but highly informative.]
• International Center of Photography 1999 Reflections in a Glass Eye: Works from the International Center of Photography Collection (New York: A Bulfinch Press Book) p.215-216 [Includes a well written short biography on Robert Frank with example plate(s) earlier in book.]
• Lenman, Robin (ed.) 2005 The Oxford Companion to the Photograph (Oxford: Oxford University Press) [Includes a short biography on Robert Frank.]
• Weaver, Mike (ed.) 1989 The Art of Photography 1839-1989 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press) p.457 [This exhibition catalogue is for the travelling exhibition that went to Houston, Canberra and London in 1989.]
• Witkin, Lee D. and Barbara London 1979 The Photograph Collector’s Guide (London: Secker and Warburg) p.144 [Long out of print but an essential reference work - the good news is that a new edition is in preparation.]
If there is an analysis of a single photograph or a useful self portrait I will highlight it here.
Photographic collections are a useful means of examining large numbers of photographs by a single photographer on-line.
|Library of Congress, Washington, USA |
Approximate number of records: 2
Note: A single record may contain more than one photograph.
|"Black and white are the colors of photography. To me they symbolize the alternatives of hope and despair to which mankind is forever subjected."|
|"I have been frequently accused of deliberately twisting subject matter to my point of view. Above all, I know that life for a photographer cannot be a matter of indifference. Opinion often consists of a kind of criticism. But criticism can come out of love. It is important to see what is invisible to others. Perhaps the look of hope or the look of sadness. Also, it is always the instantaneous reaction to oneself that produces a photograph."|