|Dates: ||1837, 12 June - 1921, 30 September|
|Born: ||Great Britain, Scotland, Edinburgh|
|Died: ||Great Britain, Scotland, Edinburgh|
|Active: ||Cyprus / Ceylon / Cambodia / Malaysia / Singapore / Hong Kong / China / England|
Traveled widely in the Far East (particularly China, Taiwan, Cambodia, and Thailand) taking photographs during the period 1860-1879 frequently working in conjunction with the Royal Geographical Society of Great Britain for whom he had worked as their instructor in photography in 1866. His books include: ‘The antiquities of Cambodia‘ (1867), ‘Illustrations of China and its people‘ (1873-1874), his photographs of working class life are included in ‘Street life in London‘ (1877-1878), ‘Through Cyprus with the camera‘ (1879), and ‘Through China with a camera‘ (1898).
Wellcome Images, Wellcome Library, London, UK has considerable holdings of material by John Thomson.
The Royal Commonwealth Society collection at Cambridge University Library holds prints from his work in Cyprus.
Thomson experimented with microphotography before travelling throughout the Far East between 1862 and 1872. He maintained a commercial photography studio during this time, first in Singapore, then in Hong Kong. His most famous work was made upon his return to London. Street Life in London was originally published in monthly installments, and is regarded as a classic of social documentary. In later life he became a fashionable portrait photographer in Mayfair, under royal patronage.
This biography is courtesy and copyright of the Victoria & Albert Museum and is included here with permission.
Date last updated: 11 Nov 2011.
|SHARED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION PROJECT |
We welcome institutions and scholars willing to test the sharing of biographies for the benefit of the photo-history community. The biography above is a part of this trial.
If you find any errors please email us details so they can be corrected as soon as possible.
Leonowens, Anna Harriette, 1870, The English Governess at the Siamese Court: Being Recollections of Six Years in the Royal Palace at Bangkok, (London: Trubner & Co / Boston: Fields, Osgood & Co) [Includes woodcuts based on photographs taken by John Thomson provided to the author by the King of Siam] [Δ]
Readings on, or by, individual photographers
Lehr, Janet, 1980, ‘John Thomson‘, History of Photography, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 67-71 [Δ]
Morgan, Emily Kathryn, 2014, Street Life in London: Context and Commentary, (MuseumsEtc) isbn-10: 1910144010 isbn-13: 9781910144015 [Δ]
Rosen, Jeff, 1993, ‘Posed as Rogues: The Crisis of Photographic Realism in John Thomson's Street Life in London‘, Image, vol. 36, no. 3/4, pp. 9-39 [Δ]
Thomson, G [sic; John], 1869, ‘Notes of Cambodia and Its Races‘, Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London, vol. n.s. 6, pp. 246-252 [Δ]
Thomson, John, 1873, Foochow and the River Min. A series of photographs, (London: Autotype Fine Art Company) [Δ]
Thomson, John, 1873, ‘Notes on a Journey to Southern Formosa‘, Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, vol. 43, p. 97 [Δ]
Thomson, John, 1873-1874, Illustrations of China and Its People: A Series of 200 Photographs, (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low and Searle) [4 volumes, 1873 [vols. 1 and 2] and 1874 [vols. 3 and 4])] [Δ]
Thomson, John, 1875, Straits of Malacca, Indo-China, and China, or, Ten Years Travels, Adventures, and Residence Abroad, (New York: Harper and Brothers) [Δ]
Thomson, John, 1875, The Straits of Malacca, Indo-China, and China; or Ten Years' Travels, Adventures and Residence Abroad, (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low & Searle) [Δ]
Thomson, John, 1907, ‘Geographical Photography‘, Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 17 [Δ]
Thomson, John & Smith, Adolphe, 1881, Street Incidents, (London, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington) [Δ]
Thomson, John & Smith, Adolphe, 1969, Street Life in London, (New York: Bernard Blom) [Facsimile edition] [Δ]
Thomson, John & Smith, Adolphe, , Street Life in London, (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington) [Δ]
White, Stephen, 1985, John Thomson: Life and Photographs, (London: Thames and Hudson) [Δ]
White, Stephen, 1986, John Thomson: A Window to the Orient, (NY: Thames and Hudson) [Preface by Robert A. Sobieszek] [Δ]
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - firstname.lastname@example.org
If you have a portrait of this photographer or know of the whereabouts of one we would be most grateful.
|Family history |
If you are related to this photographer and interested in tracking down your extended family we can place a note here for you to help. It is free and you would be amazed who gets in touch.
Exhibitions on this website
|John Thomson: A Chinese portrait artist, Hong Kong|
|John Thomson: Cambodia: Angkor Thom|
|John Thomson: Carts and wagons included in Street Life in London (1877)|
|John Thomson: China, a travelling chiropodist|
|John Thomson: Cyprus|
|John Thomson: Hong Kong facing the harbour|
|John Thomson: Illustrations of China and Its People|
|John Thomson: Physic Street, Canton, China|
|John Thomson: Royal family of Siam|
|John Thomson: Street Life in London|
|John Thomson: The Crawlers|
|John Thomson: The Land and People of China|
All photographs by this photographer
|Wikipedia has a biography of this photographer.||Show on this site||Go to website|
|Getty Research, Los Angeles, USA has an ULAN (Union List of Artists Names Online) entry for this photographer. This is useful for checking names and they frequently provide a brief biography.|| ||Go to website|
|Grove Art Online (www.groveart.com) has a biography of this artist. |
[NOTE: This is a subscription service and you will need to pay an annual fee to access the content.]
|Show on this site||Go to website|
|John Thomson (1837-1921) |
The Welcome Trust in the UK has a collection of almost 700 original glass negatives of the travel of John Thomson.
|Illustrations of China and its people: a series of two hundred photographs, with letterpress descriptive of the places and people represented / by J. Thomson. (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low, and Searle 1873) |
Scanned by Hong Kong University Library.
|John Thomson: Glimpses into Life in the Far East |
Scanned by Cornell University Library.
The following books are useful starting points to obtain brief biographies but they are not substitutes for the monographs on individual photographers.
|• Beaton, Cecil & Buckland, Gail 1975 The Magic Eye: The Genius of Photography from 1839 to the Present Day (Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown & Company) p.74 [Useful short biographies with personal asides and one or more example images.] |
• Capa, Cornell (ed.) 1984 The International Center of Photography: Encyclopedia of Photography (New York, Crown Publishers, Inc. - A Pound Press Book) p.515-516
• Perez, Nissan N. 1988 Focus East: Early Photography in the Near East 1839-1885 (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.) p.226-227 [Short biography on John Thomson possibly with example plates.]
• Weaver, Mike (ed.) 1989 The Art of Photography 1839-1989 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press) p.469 [This exhibition catalogue is for the travelling exhibition that went to Houston, Canberra and London in 1989.]
• Witkin, Lee D. and Barbara London 1979 The Photograph Collector’s Guide (London: Secker and Warburg) p.251-252 [Long out of print but an essential reference work - the good news is that a new edition is in preparation.]
If there is an analysis of a single photograph or a useful self portrait I will highlight it here.