|Other: J. Clerk Maxwell |
Other: James Maxwell
|Dates: ||1831, 13 June - 1879, 5 November|
|Born: ||Great Britain|
Scottish physicist who worked on the theories of color and light. Working with his assistant, Thomas Sutton, three photographs of a tartan ribbon were taken using red, green and blue filters. By using magic lanterns the aligned images on a screen created a single colour image. On Friday 17 May 1861 he gave a lecture "On the Theory of Three Primary Colours" to the Royal Instution of Great Britain.
Three photographs of a coloured ribbon taken through the three coloured solutions respectively, were introduced into the camera, giving images representing the red, the green, and the blue parts separately, as they would be seen by each of Young's three sets of nerves separately. When these were superposed, a coloured image was seen, which, if the red and green images had been as fully photographed as the blue, would have been a truly-coloured image of the ribbon. By finding photographic materials more sensitive to the less refrangible rays, the representation of the colours of objects might be greatly improved.
J. Clerk Maxwell, 1862, "On the Theory of Three Primary Colours", Notices of the Proceedings at the Meetings of the Members of the Royal Institution of Great Britain with Abstracts of the Discourses delivered at the Evening Meetings, vol. 3 (1858-1862), p. 374
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