John Falconer, British Library
A Biographical Dictionary of 19th Century Photographers in South and South-East Asia
Son of David Garrick.
Baptised at St Thomas, Howrah, 13 Apr 1862
Held appointments in the Archaeological Survey Department from 4 December 1880 to 8 October 1890; unemployed on abolition of post until June 1891; Artist, Geological Survey, Calcutta, July 1891-(1911). Married Rose Russellana Mary Arratoon at Lahore, 14 Jul 1893. His two month old daughter Irene Elizabeth Catharine, was buried in Lahore Cemetery on 12.1.1900.
Garrick was appointed on the retirement of J. D. BEGLAR as Second Assistant in the Archaeological Department, one of the main reasons for his getting the post being his photographic experience:
The other candidate is Mr. H. B. W. Garrick, the son of Mr Garrick who had charge of the School of Art at Lahore, while Mr Kipling, the permanent incumbent, was on leave in England. Like his father he is both a photographer and a draughtsman; and for the last acquirement he possesses a certificate from the South Kensington Schools of Art. He is not a surveyor, but a sufficient knowledge of surveying can be acquired hereafter by teaching. Neither is he an antiquarian, but as he is both a good photographer and a good draughtsman, he already possesses two valuable qualifications for an archaeological assistant. He is, however, quite a young man and has not of course any testimonials of previous service. I have met him, however, at Lahore, and, as far as I could judge from two meetings, I think that he would turn out a zealous and hard-working assistant. But at first no archaeological reports could be expected from him, more especially as his time would be chiefly occupied as a draughtsman and photographer.
Cunningham’s proposals were agreed in the following terms:
From all that I have been able to learn about the two candidates, I think that Mr J. R. Sandford would most probably turn out a more valuable Assistant hereafter as a reporter of archaeological explorations, while Mr H. B. W. Garrick would be the more useful assistant for immediate work both as a draughtsman and as a photographer.
Under these circumstances, as the work of the Archaeological Survey is drawing near to its close, I think it would be better to have the services of Mr H. B. W. Garrick, who would be useful at once, rather than train up Mr J. R. Sandford, whose services would most probably be dispensed with altogether just as he was beginning to be really efficient.
I would therefore propose that Mr H. B. W. Garrick be appointed as an Assistant in the Archaeological Survey...
Should the Government approve of these proposals, Mr A. Carlleyle might be gazetted as First Assistant on a salary of Rs. 500 a month in succession to Mr J. D. Beglar, retired on pension., with Mr H. B. W. Garrick, as Second, of Photographic Assistant, in succession to Mr Carlleyle, on a salary of Rs. 300 a month.
I am more especially anxious to obtain a photographer as Assistant, as I have found during the past nine years the great value of Mr Beglar’s services, more especially in the illustration of the sculptures of the stupa of Bharhut and afterwards of those in the Khaiber District.
To: A. Cunningham, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India
Garrick joined Cunningham’s department on 20 December 1880. In the cold season of 1881-82, ‘Mr Garrick made a tour for the purpose of photographing and exploring the old temples at Markandi. He also examined the remains of the old Buddhist monastery at Barmayan...After visiting the the ruins of the ancient city of Gurgi, in Rewa territory, Mr Garrick was deputed to inspect the excavations being made by a company of sappers in the Yusufzai district.’ A few years later, ‘Mr H. B. W. Garrick was engaged during this [1885-6] and the following season at Sasseram and Rohtas, making architectural drawings of the monuments at these places; in 1888-89, he made a tour through northern Bengal, and obtained good facsimile impressions of two sets of the Pillar Edicts of Asoka, and of so much of that on the Rampurwa Pillar as was practicable, the pillar lying on its face.’ 
From: C. L. Tupper, officiating Under Secretary to the Government of India, dated Simla, 17 November 1880
In reply to your letter No. 125, dated the 29th September 1880, I am directed to say that the President in Council approves of your proposal to promote Mr Carlleyle to be 1st Assistant in the Archaeological Survey Department, on a pay of Rs. 500 a month, in succession to Mr Beglar, retired. Your proposal to appoint Mr H. B. W. Garrick as 2nd Assistant, on a pay of Rs. 300 a month, with a travelling allowance of Rs. 5 a day when in camp, in Mr Carlleyle’s room, is also sanctioned subject to the confirmation of the Secretary of State.
2. As suggested by you, the saving of Rs. 1,200 a year caused by the reduction of the pay of the second appointment from Rs. 400 to Rs. 300 a month may be added to the sum at present devoted to excavations and photograph[y]. 
On the appointment of a Special Archaeological Officer for Bengal: ‘
The Lieutenant-Governor was about to renew his recommendation that the services of Dr Theodore Bloch should be secured, in accordance with these expressions of opinion, when an application for the post underconsideration was received from Mr H. B. W. Garrick, formerly of the Archaeological Department, and now employed in charge of the Map and Drawing Branch of the Geological Department in the Indian Museum. His Honour has caused enquiries to be made into the gentleman’s qualifications. It appears that Mr Garrick is 34 years of age, and that he was appointed, on leaving the South Kensington Museum, Science and Art Training Department, in 1880, to be an assistant to General Sir A. Cunningham, K.C.I.E.m C.S.I., R.E. He was employed on archaeological work from 1880 to 1890, and was then transferred to the appointment which he now holds. Volumes 14, 16, 17, 19 and 23 of the Archaeological Survey Reports show to some extent the work he did in that Department. His work from 1885 to 1890 was sent to Dr Burgess, C.I.E., and has, it is understood, been taken home to be edited and published by that officer in Edinburgh. It is true that Mr Garrick possesses no special scientific acquirements as an epigraphist; but he has studied the languages of ancient and modern inscriptions to some extent, and he has advantages which outweigh his comparative deficiency in this respect. He has the advantage over a new European expert of being acclimatised, of knowing the language and the people, and of having already done a considerable amount of exploration, and of possessing much useful knowledge of Indian antiquities, which a new German or other expert would take some years to acquire. The fact that he is not a scientific epigraphist need not be regarded as a serious impediment to his appointment as Archaeological Officer in Bengal, for all the inscriptions that might be found could be sent to a specialist to be deciphered...under these circumstances, on further consideration of the matter, His Honor is disposed to give up the idea of getting out an expert from Europe, and is willing, with the sanction of the Government of India to the transfer of his services, to employ Mr Garrick on probation for a year on a salary of Rs. 400 a month, and if at the end of that term he has given satisfaction, to retain his services for five years on Rs. 400-600, rising by annual increments of Rs. 50. In the event of the arrangement now proposed being sanctioned, as he trusts it will be, Sir Charles Elliott contemplates attaching to Mr Garrick a staff of a surveyor and draftsman, and drawing up a programme for a year’s work in Bengal, with the assistance of the advice of the Trustees of the Indian Museum. It is contemplated that Mr Garrick should be entirely under the authority of this Government, and that Provincial Revenues should bear the whole of the charges entailed by this appointment’ 
In a letter from the Director of the Geological Survey Department to the Government of India, Department of Agriculture and Revenue (Archaeology and Epigraphy), dated 29 October 1896, a letter was forwarded from Garrick, ‘Artist in the Geological Department’, asking to be considered for any post arising in the Archaeological Survey. Government of India replied that as the Survey was still in the process of re-organisation, no new appointments were being made at that time. 
Author: Report of a tour through Behar, Central India, Peshawar, and Yusufzai, 1881-82 (Archaeological Survey of India Report, vol. XIX, Calcutta, 1885); India, a descriptive poem (1889).
- Λ IOR/N/1/232 f. 68.
- Λ Home Proceedings, Surveys, vol. 1501, 1880.
- Λ Charles E.D. Black, A memoir on the Indian Surveys, 1875-1890, (London, 1891), p.336.
- Λ Black, op.cit., p.340.
- Λ Letter from C.E. Buckland, Secretary to the Government of Bengal, to the Secretary of the Government of India, Revenue and Agricultural Department, dated Darjeeling 29 May 1895, Bengal general proceedings (miscellaneous), no. 3 of July 1895, IOR/P/4769). What transpired?
- Λ Proceedings of the Government of India, Department of Agriculture and Revenue (Archaeology and Epigraphy), November 1896, part ‘B’ [tabular], IOR/P/4986.