|Dates: ||1860 - 1945, 25 April|
|Born: ||US, PA|
|Died: ||US, PA, Philadelphia|
His pictorialist work was included in Die Kunst in der Photographie.
Approved biography for Henri Troth
(Courtesy of Christian Peterson)
Henry Troth was born in 1860 in Pennsylvania, into a Quaker family of chemists. He became a professional photographer in Philadelphia, specializing in flower and landscape images that illustrated many publications. He also produced personal naturalistic and pictorial work that was included in exhibitions of artistic photography around the turn of the twentieth century.
Troth’s creative work was exhibited in both the United States and Europe. He commenced showing in 1892, at the fifth Joint Exhibition in Boston and the annual members’ show of the Photographic Society of Philadelphia. His photographs were included in salons in Chicago, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Washington, D.C. Other juries that accepted his work included those in London, Glasgow, Paris, Brussels, and Hamburg. In December 1897, he was honored with a one-person exhibition at the Camera Club of New York. Three years later, F. Holland Day included prints by Troth in the important show the New School of American Photography, seen in London and Paris. Alfred Stieglitz presented one of Troth’s photographs in the inaugural exhibition of the Photo-Secession in 1902, but did not invite him to become a member of the group. In addition, Troth himself served on exhibition juries, most notably for the Philadelphia Photographic Salon in 1899.
Troth’s images were widely seen in the photographic press, popular magazines, and books. Between 1897 and 1903, his creative images appeared in such monthlies as the American Amateur Photographer, Camera Notes, Photo Beacon, Photo Era, Photo Miniature, and the Photographic Times. The American Annual of Photography reproduced his work in 1895, 1897, 1901, and 1902. In 1897, Troth wrote a four-part article for the Ladies’ Home Journal titled "Amateur Photography at its Best," illustrated with his own pictures of landscapes and wildflowers. His images appeared in three handsome books that were part of the back-to-nature movement: J. P. Mowbray’s A Journey to Nature (1902), Sidney Lanier’s Hymns of the Marshes (1907), and Charles Francis Saunders’s A Window in Arcady (1911).
Botany held sway for Troth, prompting him to make hundreds of straightforward photographs of flowers. These were used for the books The Flower Finder, Nature’s Garden, Phytogeographic Survey of North America, and Wild Flowers worth Knowing. He also supplied original photographs to the Botanical Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
Troth’s last photographic byline appeared in the American Annual of Photography 1910, on an article he wrote on equipment. According to the New York Times, Henry Troth died in a Philadelphia hospital after a long illness, on April 25, 1945, at age eighty-five. His frequently published life dates of 1863-1948 are incorrect.
Christian A. Peterson Pictorial Photography at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Christian A. Peterson: Privately printed, 2012)
This biography is courtesy and copyright of Christian Peterson and is included here with permission.
Date last updated: 1 June 2013.
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