|Dates: ||1814 - 1858|
|Born: ||England, Kent, Isle of Thanet|
|Died: ||England, Kent, Isle of Thanet|
Horne was one of the principals of Horne, Thornthwaite, and Wood, the most prominent London firm specializing in photographic apparatus and chemicals. The firm’s wholesale and retail business was substantial by at least 1848, but in spite of its success, Horne was first praised by the Journal of the Photographic Society as “an amiable man” who “had rendered good service to photography,” “liked and respected by all who had transactions with him.” The editor of Photographic Notes remembered him more specifically as “an exceedingly clever practical photographer in every branch of the art, but more particularly as a Calotypist.” When Arthur Neild showed some of Horne’s calotypes at the Manchester Photographic Society in 1856, according to Photographic Notes of that year, he wanted to “express the obligation I am under to that gentleman for the information and assistance he has . . . given me in this beautiful art, as well as for the loan of specimens.” The Journal of the Photographic Society recalled that Horne, working with Peter Wickens Fry, “was the chief person who aided Mr. Archer to bring his collodion process into general use. He is a man, therefore, to whom every practical photographer is more or less indebted, and deserving a record in a journal devoted to the chronicles of a science which he loved and advanced.” Very little of Horne’s own photography is known, although he did exhibit a calotype portrait in the pioneering 1852 exhibition at the Society of Arts in London, as well as two Buckinghamshire landscapes in the 1855 exhibition at the London Photographic Institution. He also exhibited many collodion views during this period. In the Great Exhibition of 1851, Horne’s firm displayed a complete daguerreotype apparatus, but also a folding calotype camera and an improved printing frame suitable for printing calotype negatives and for making photogenic drawing photograms. Horne died at the age of forty-four while visiting the Isle of Thanet in Kent, where he was born.
Roger Taylor & Larry J. Schaaf Impressed by Light: British Photographs from Paper Negatives, 1840-1860 (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2007)
This biography is courtesy and copyright of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and is included here with permission.
Date last updated: 4 Nov 2012.
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