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HomeContents > People > Photographers > Étienne Jules Marey

Dates:  1830, 5 March - 1904, 15 May
Born:  France, Beaune
Died:  France, Paris
Active:  France
French experimental photographer and inventor. He was fascinated by the study of movement (he used the term ‘chronophotographie‘) in animals and man and his photographic inventions were a continual quest to improve his understanding of the processes involved. One of his inventions was a photographic gun that used a 20m roll of 35mm film and was capable of taking 12 images per second.
His publications included Le Vol des oiseaux (Paris, 1890) and Le Mouvement (Paris, 1894).

Preparing biographies

HomeContents > Further research

General reading 
Ellenbogen, Josh, 2012, Reasoned and Unreasoned Images: The Photography of Bertillon, Galton, and Marey, (Penn State University Press) isbn-10: 0271052597 isbn-13: 978-0271052595 [Δ
Keller, Corey, 2008, Brought to Light: Photography and the Invisible, 1840-1900, (Yale University Press) isbn-10: 0300142102 isbn-13: 978-0300142105 [Δ
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
1977, E. J. Marey, 1830–1904: La Photographie du Mouvement, (Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou) [Δ
Braun, Marta, 1994, Picturing Time: The Work of Etienne-Jules Marey (1830–1904), (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press) [Δ
Marey, E.J., 1883, 23 November, ‘The Physiological Station of Paris - I‘, Science, vol. 2, no. 42, pp. 678-681 [Δ
Marey, E.J., 1883, 30 November, ‘The Physiological Station of Paris - II‘, Science, vol. 2, no. 42, pp. 708-711 [Δ
Marey, Étienne Jules, 1878, La machine animale. Locomotion terrestre et aérienne, (Paris: Librairie Germer Baillière - Bibliothèque Scientifique Internationale) [Δ
Marey, Étienne Jules, 1890, Le vol des oiseaux, (G. Masson) [Δ
Marey, Étienne Jules, 1894, Le Mouvement, (G. Masson) [Δ
W., 1892, 7 January, ‘Chronophotography, or, Photography as applied to Moving Objects‘, Nature, vol. 45, pp. 228-232 [Δ
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan -
Etienne-Jules Marey 
Family history 
If you are related to this photographer and interested in tracking down your extended family we can place a note here for you to help. It is free and you would be amazed who gets in touch.
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Exhibitions on this website

Theme: Scientific
ThumbnailScientific: Movement 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist

Visual indexes

ThumbnailÉtienne Jules Marey: Birds in flight
ThumbnailÉtienne Jules Marey: Motion studies
ThumbnailÉtienne Jules Marey: Movement
ThumbnailÉtienne Jules Marey: Physiological Station at Paris
ThumbnailÉtienne Jules Marey: The photographic gun
All photographs by this photographer 

Internet biographies

Terms and Conditions

Getty Research, Los Angeles, USA has an ULAN (Union List of Artists Names Online) entry for this photographer. This is useful for checking names and they frequently provide a brief biography. Go to website
Grove Art Online ( has a biography of this artist. 
[NOTE: This is a subscription service and you will need to pay an annual fee to access the content.]
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Internet resources

Terms and Conditions

Etienne-Jules Marey: Movement in Light 
On-line exhibition about one of the key scientists and inventors studying the nature of movement. 
Étienne-Jules Marey (1830 - 1904) ... 
Interesting early images of his inventions. 
Sémia: Société d'études sur Marey [French] et l'image animée ... 
Etienne-Jules Marey (Who's Who of Victorian Cinema) ... 

Printed biographies

The following books are useful starting points to obtain brief biographies but they are not substitutes for the monographs on individual photographers.

• Auer, Michele & Michel 1985 Encyclopedie Internationale Des Photographes de 1839 a Nos Jours / Photographers Encylopaedia International 1839 to the present (Hermance, Editions Camera Obscura) 2 volumes [A classic reference work for biographical information on photographers.] 
• Capa, Cornell (ed.) 1984 The International Center of Photography: Encyclopedia of Photography (New York, Crown Publishers, Inc. - A Pound Press Book) p.319-320 
• Lenman, Robin (ed.) 2005 The Oxford Companion to the Photograph (Oxford: Oxford University Press)  [Includes a short biography on Étienne Jules Marey.] 

Useful printed stuff

If there is an analysis of a single photograph or a useful self portrait I will highlight it here.

• Newhall, Beaumont 1982 The History of Photography - Fifth Edition (London: Secker & Warburg) [One or more photographs by Étienne Jules Marey are included in this classic history.] 
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