|Born: Alfred Martin Duggan-Cronin |
Other: A.M. Duggan-Cronin
|Dates: ||1874, 17 May - 1954, 25 August|
|Born: ||Ireland, County cork, Innishannon|
|Died: ||South Africa, Kimberley|
|Active: ||South Africa|
Born in Ireland he worked as a security officer in one of the native compounds for De Beers Consolidated Mines in Kimberley, South Africa. His relationships with the migrant diamond miners led to an interest in the local populations and in 1919 he initiated a long term project to document them. He carried out numerous ethnographic expeditions to photograph the San and other groups around Kimberley financed by Kimberley's McGregor Museum, the Carnegie Foundation and the government.
His expeditions between 1919 and 1939:
1919 - Bushman - Tswana
1920 - Zulu
1922 - Bushmen
1923 - Ndebele - Shangaan - Venda
1925 - Bhaca - Mpondo
1926 - Sotho
1927 - Bushmen - Swazi - Tsonga
1928 - Mfengu - Xhosa
1929 - Pedi
1930 - Bomvana - Gcaleka - Ngqika - Sotho - Thembu
1932 - Bhaca - Hlubi - Mpondo - Mpondomise - Xesibe
1933 - Bushmen - Chopi - Ndebele - Swazi - Tsonga/Shangaan
1934 - Ndebele (Matabele) - Tswana - Sarwa
1935 - Tsonga - Zulu
1936 - Herero - Ila -Wambo
1937 - Bhaca - Ila - Nguni
1938 - Ila - Lozi - Lunda - Mbunda
1939 - Ndau - Shona
In 1925 he opened the "Duggan-Cronin Bantu Gallery" in his house to show his Bantu portraits. His interest in the subject led to a four volume set of eleven sections The Bantu Tribes of South Africa: Reproductions of Photographic Studies by A.M. Duggan-Cronin (1928-1954) illustrated with 376 collotypes. The Duggan-Cronin Gallery, which is a satellite of the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, South Africa houses his collection of photographs and ethnographic artefacts.
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