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Unidentified Photographer (France or Italy) 
Untitled (Pifferari) 
19th century 
  
Salted paper print, from wet collodion negative 
Cleveland Museum of Art 
John L. Severance Fund, 1995.234 
  
 
LL/99406 
  
Curatorial description (Accessed: 3 May 2020)
Taken to catalogue and document cultural practices, both of these photographs were intended as portraits of professions or ethnographic types rather than portraits of individuals. Hart’s image was part of his subscription series Universal Gallery of Peoples, which sought “to reproduce through photography the national costumes that are disappearing rapidly before the advance of civilization, to preserve for people the flavor, and for artists the memory of what once was beautiful and picturesque.” An unidentified photographer captured the picturesque pifferari, country musicians who wandered European cities around Christmas playing before images of the Virgin and on the streets. They were a common theme for French and Italian painters and photographers in the 1840s and 1850s. 
 

 
  
 
  
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