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No. 115. A Group of Amoy Girls.
Albumen print. on printed mount
Studios Robespierre, Serge Plantureux
Photographed at Miller's Guangzhou studio.
Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait. Amoy dialect is the main dialect spoken in the Xiamen and its surrounding regions of Tong'an and Xiang'an. This dialect developed in the late Ming dynasty when Xiamen was increasingly taking over Quanzhou's position as the main port of trade in southeastern China. Quanzhou traders began travelling southwards to Xiamen to carry on their businesses while Zhangzhou peasants began traveling northwards to Xiamen in search of job opportunities. A need for a common language arose. The Quanzhou and Zhangzhou varieties are similar in many ways (as can be seen from the common place of Henan Luoyang where they originated), but due to differences in accents, communication can be a problem. Quanzhou businessmen considered their speech to be the prestige accent and considered Zhangzhou's to be a village dialect. Over the centuries, dialect leveling occurred and the two speeches mixed to produce the Amoy dialect.
Source: Serge plantureux, Chinese History of Photography: Mysterious Marshall Milton Miller, N°25-2018. - Thursday 28 June 2018 [Accessed: 28 June 2018]