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André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri 
Duchess of Sutherland 
1861-1862 
  
Carte de visite 
Paul Frecker 
 
LL/13435 
  
Born 21 April 1829 at Newall, Scotland, on 20 June 1849, Anne Hay Mackenzie married George Granville William Levenson-Gower, Lord Stafford, the eldest son of the second Duke of Sutherland. He succeeded as third Duke of Sutherland on 22 February 1861. The Duchess had succeeded to her father's lands in the year of her marriage, and on 21 October 1861 she was created Countess of Cromartie in her own right, with a special remainder which ensured that the title would never merge with her husband's.
 
The Duchess was known for her liberal opinions; she opposed slavery, and in 1864 received Garibaldi, whom most of her class considered little more than a revolutionary. She served as Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria from 1870 to 1874.
 
She died on 25 November 1888 at Sutherland Tower, Torquay, Devon. Her younger son, Lord Francis Levinson-Gower, succeeded her in the Earldom of Cromartie. 
 

 
  
 
  
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