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Félix Bonfils 
Femme turque en toilette de ville 
Albumen silver print, from glass negative 
22.2 x 16.4 cm (8 3/4 x 6 7/16 ins) (image) 
Metropolitan Museum of Art 
Funds from various donors, 2010, Accession Number: 2010.317 
Curatorial description (Accessed: 9 January 2018)
This arresting image of a veiled Turkish woman is one of a large series of costume studies produced by the prolific Maison Bonfils photography studio. Based in cosmopolitan Beirut, the studio was founded by the bookbinder-turned-photographer Félix Bonfils in 1867 and produced high-quality architectural views, landscapes, and genre studies of the Near East for more than seventy years. Initially a family business, the firm eventually employed a number of photographers, including Bonfils’s son Adrien and his wife, Marie-Lydie Cabanis. Marie-Lydie likely produced the costume studies of female subjects, since Muslim women would not have been permitted to pose for male photographers. Appealing to the curiosity and fantasies of tourists, these photographs also lent a perceived authenticity to paintings by artists such as Mariano Fortuny and Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, who used them as studies for their popular Orientalist canvases. 

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