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Milton Miller 
Canton. No. 421. Another View of Chinese Recreation House, Whampoa. [Huangpu] 
n.d. 
  
Albumen print. on printed mount 
Studios Robespierre, Serge Plantureux 
 
LL/84005 
  
“Pazhou Island, formerly Whampoa Island, has a total area of 15 km2 (5.8 sq mi) It is the site of Whampoa Pagoda. Its eastern bay was formerly the chief anchorage for ships participating in Guangzhou's foreign trade. Traders from the "Southern Sea", including Indians, Arabians, and most Europeans, were required to keep their ships at Pazhou while smaller craft ferried goods to and from the Thirteen Factories area of Guangzhou's western suburbs. Traders rented storage for ships supplies and repair shops on Whampoa Island.
 
During his 1832 visit, Edmund Roberts noted that Pazhou was unsafe for foreigners, with locals beating anyone who entered certain areas. Xiaoguwei was more accommodating.
 
During the First Opium War, the Battle of Whampoa was fought between British and Chinese forces on 2 March 1841. Even following the Opium Wars and into the 20th century, sailing vessels continued to stop at Pazhou though steamers began to call at Guangzhou directly.” (Wikipedia)
 
Another print is attributed to Lai Afong but the caption is consistent with the “Milton” lettering.
 
Source: Serge plantureux, Chinese History of Photography: Mysterious Marshall Milton Miller, N°25-2018. - Thursday 28 June 2018 [Accessed: 28 June 2018] 
 

 
  
 
  
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