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President Lincoln on Battlefield of Antietam
[Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the War. Incidents of the War, pl. 23]
7 x 9 in
Courtesy of Lee Gallery (Z1357)
Despite the original inscription that Wm. R. Pyrell took the negative Alexander Gardner was the photographer.
E.F. Bleiler (1959) Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War (New York, Dover Publications)
"Negative by Wm. R. Pywell. October, 1862. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1865, by A. Gardner, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Columbia. Incidents of the War. President Lincoln on Battlefield of Antietam. Published by Philp & Solomons, Washington. Positive by A. Gardner, 511 7th St., Washington" printed in margin recto. Plate 23, from "Incidents of the War..." by Alexander Gardner.
On the 1st of October, 1862, two weeks after the battle of Antietam, President Lincoln Visited the Army of the Potomac, encamped near Harper's Ferry, in Maryland. He was accompanied on his trip by Major General MclClernand and Staff, Colonel Lamon, the Marshal of the District of Columbia, and Mr. Garrett, President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The President reached General Sumner's headquarters, on Bolivar Heights, at Harper's Ferry, on Wednesday, occupied the afternoon in reviewing the forces at that position, and spent the night at general Sumner's quarters. On Thursday morning he recrossed the Potomac, and was met by General McClellan and Staff, who conducted him during that the following day over the scenes of the recent battle, and in reviewing the various quarters, occupying much of the time in private conversation with him. In this conversation, it is said, that when the President alluded to the complaints that were being made of the slowness of the General's movements, General McClellan replied, "You may find those who will go faster than I, Mr. President; but it is very doubtful if you will find many who will go further."
On Saturday, the President set out on his return home, accompanied by General McClellan as far as Middletown, but on the way, riding over the battle-field of South Mountain, the leading incidents of which, the scenes of particularly desperate conflicts, the names of the Corps and officers engaged, &c., were pointed out and described by the General, as he had previously done those of the great battle of Antietam; in all of which the President evinced a deep interest. The President then proceeded to Frederick, where he was received by the people with the most enthusiastic demonstrations of respect, and reached Washington in a special train at ten o'clock at night.