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Philosophiestudent (Erich Sander)
Gelatin silver print
Lempertz - Cologne
Auction 1189 - Photography, 3 December 2021, Lot: 516
August Sander included the portrait of his 23-year-old son Erich, at that time a student of national economics and philosophy at the University of Cologne, in the sub-category "Der Gelehrte" (The Scholar) of Group 4 "Die Stände" (The Stands) of his opus "Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts" (People of the 20th Century). Due to his activities in political resistance as a member of the Socialist Workers' Party of Germany, Erich Sander was sentenced to 10 years in prison in 1934 and died in Siegburg prison in 1944, shortly before his release.
Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur, Köln (ed.), August Sander. Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vol. 4: Die Stände, Göttingen 2002, ill. p. 49; NS-Dokumentationszentrum der Stadt Köln (ed.), August Sanders unbeugsamer Sohn. Erich Sander als Häftling und Gefängnisfotograf im Zuchthaus Siegburg 1935–1944. exhib.cat. NS-Dokumentationszentrum der Stadt Köln, Berlin 2015, ill. p. 13; Jacques Fredj (ed.), August Sander. Persecuted / Persecutors. People of the 20th Century, exhib.cat. Mémorial de la Shoah, Paris, Göttingen 2018, ill. p. 18