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Calendars - February

Events 
  
February 1841ThumbnailHenry Fox Talbot patents the calotype process. It is a negative-positive process that has advantages over the Daguerreotype positives of which there was only ever a single copy. Calotypes were also called Talbotypes though the inventor never approved of this.
February 1992 The JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) image compression standard for digital images is published in IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. As it is non-proprietary and has a high compression rate it becomes the preferred means for transmitting photographic images over the Internet. 
February 2000 The Finnish Museum of Photography opens in Helsinki. 
1 February 1968ThumbnailEddie Adams (Associated Press) photographs Colonel Nguyen Loan (Chief of the South Vietnam National Police) executing a suspect on a Saigon street during the Tet Offensive.
7 February 2007 The "99-Cent II" photograph by Andreas Gursky breaks the auction record for a photograph by selling for 1,700,000 British pounds ($3,346,456) at Sotheby's London February 7th Contemporary Art Evening Sale.
8 February 1887 James Fairchild issued a US patent for "Apparatus for aerial photography". This used a clock mechanism to operate the shutter of a camera supported by a kite or a balloon. 
10 February 1824 John Arrowsmith's Diorama, or Method of Exhibiting Pictures (British Patent No. 4899) 
14 February 1884ThumbnailThe largest flood in 19th century America occurs when Ohio River rises 71.1 feet causing devastation and submerging parts of Cincinnati. The event is photographed by B.D. Jackson, J. Landy and others. 
14 February 1929 The St. Valentine's Day Massacre takes place in Chicago and the bloody remains are photographed by numerous news photographers. 
15 February 2006ThumbnailA 1904 photograph of The Pond-Moonlight taken in Long Island by Edward Steichen sells at Sotheby's in New York for $2,928,000 including the buyers premium. At the same sale a photograph of the hands of Georgia O'Keeffe taken by Alfred Stieglitz sells for $1,472,000 and a nude portrait of her, also by Stieglitz, for $1,360,000. The images were part of the Gilman Paper Co. collection acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art but they already had duplicates and so they were put up for sale.
18 February 1913ThumbnailThe International Exhibition of Modern Art is held in New York and becomes known as the Armory Show taking the name from the Armory building. The exhibition introduces the American public to European trends in painting and sculpture. It is a revelation to those that see it and it impacts on photography by showing that copying the stylistic techniques and conventions of painting, as many of the pictorialists do, is no longer valid. 
19 February 1856ThumbnailNeff's Patent for Melainotype plates. 
23 February 1945ThumbnailJoe Rosenthal takes the photograph of the Flag raising on Iwo Jima showing six marines putting up a large flag on Mount Suribachi. It quickly becomes one of the iconic American war photographs.
 
A feature film Flags of Our Fathers (2006) , directed by Clint Eastwood, retells the story.
23 February 1987 Karl Baden commences the Every day series in which he takes a stylistically similar self-portrait each day.
27 February 1987ThumbnailAndy Warhol dies following a gall bladder operation. He had never fully recovered from a gunshot he received in July 1968 from Valerie Solanis of SCUM (Society for Cutting Up Men). He remains one of the seminal figures of Pop Art and his conversion of the banal into art continues to influence photography.
 
  
Births 
  
Dr Frederick William Alexander DeFabeck (1830, 1 February - 1912, 5 May) 
Horace A. Latimer (1860, 1 February - 1931) 
Vivian Maier (1926, 1 February - 2009, 21 April) 
Jens Knigge (1964, 2 February - ) 
Graham Nash (1942, 2 February - ) 
Josef Székely (1838, 2 February - 1901, 18 October) 
Carl Theodore Dreyer (1889, 3 February - 1968, 20 March) 
Alexander Keighley (1861, 3 February - 1947, 2 August) 
Jim Marshall (1936, 3 February - 2010, 23 March) 
Manuel Álvarez Bravo (1902, 4 February - 2002) 
Alphonse Bernoud (1820, 4 February - 1889, 24 November) 
Franco Grignani (1908, 4 February - 1999) 
Candida Höfer (1944, 4 February - ) 
Lance Carlson (1950, 5 February - ) 
Gilles-Louis Chrétien (1754, 5 February - 1811, 6 March) 
Pierre-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière (1798, 5 February - 1865, 8 June) 
Sol Libsohn (1914, 5 February - 2001, 21 January) 
Charles Bodmer (1809, 6 February - 1893, 30 October) 
Achille Devéria (1800, 6 February - 1857, 23 December) 
George Miller Dyott (1883, 6 February - 1972, 2 August) 
Harry Lapow (1909, 6 February - 1982, 14 September) 
Charles Wheatstone (1802, 6 February - 1875, 19 October) 
František Provaznik (1948, 7 February - ) 
George Washington Wilson (1823, 7 February - 1893, 9 March) 
Maxime Du Camp (1822, 8 February - 1894, 9 February) 
Eugene V. Harris (1913, 8 February - 1978, 15 May) 
Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (1857, 8 February - 1936, 26 June) 
Julius Neubronner (1852, 8 February - 1932, 17 April) 
John Ruskin (1819, 8 February - 1900, 20 January) 
Drahomir Ruzicka (1870, 8 February - 1960, 30 September) 
Sebastião Salgado (1944, 8 February - ) 
Jerry Yulsman (1924, 8 February - 1999, 6 August) 
Arthur Batut (1846, 9 February - 1918, 19 January) 
Cora Huidekoper Clarke (1851, 9 February - 1916, 2 April) 
Gerhard Richter (1932, 9 February - ) 
John Benjamin Stone (1838, 9 February - 1914, 2 July) 
F.E. Williams (1893, 9 February - 1943, 12 May) 
Bill Beckley (1946, 11 February - ) 
Oliver Gagliani (1917, 11 February - 2002) 
Kelly Grider (1963, 11 February - ) 
Stephen Livick (1945, 11 February - ) 
Major General James Graham Robert Douglas MacNeill (1842, 11 February - 1904, 10 January) 
Paul-Émile Miot (1827, 11 February - 1900, 7 December) 
Henry Fox Talbot (1800, 11 February - 1877, 17 September) 
Nojima Yasuzõ (1889, 12 February - 1964, 14 August) 
Frank Rinehart (1861, 12 February - 1928, 17 December) 
Bruno Barbey (1941, 13 February - ) 
Joe Heydecker (1916, 13 February - 1997) 
Sarah Hobbs (1970, 13 February - ) 
Arno Jansen (1938, 13 February - ) 
Greg MacGregor (1941, 13 February - ) 
Edward P. McMurtry (1883, 13 February - 1969, 5 September) 
Paul Nougé (1895, 13 February - 1967, 6 November) 
Ryan Obermeyer (1981, 13 February - ) 
Sigmar Polke (1941, 13 February - 2010, 10 June) 
Stanley Greene (1949, 14 February - 2017, 19 May) 
Chuck Kimball (1939, 14 February - ) 
George C. Poundstone (1870, 14 February - 1938, 9 May) 
Kiyoshi Sonobe (1921, 14 February - 1996, 5 March) 
Val Telberg (1910, 14 February - 1995, 5 April) 
Lisetta Carmi (1924, 15 February - ) 
Charles François Daubigny (1817, 15 February - 1878, 19 February) 
Noël Marie Paymal Lerebours (1807, 15 February - 1873, 24 July) 
Lars Tunbjörk (1956, 15 February - 2015, 1 April) 
Ernest Henry Wilson (1876, 15 February - 1930) 
Esther Bubley (1921, 16 February - 1998, 16 March) 
Edward S. Curtis (1868, 16 February - 1952, 19 October) 
Sir Francis Galton (1822, 16 February - 1911, 17 January) 
Michael A. Smith (1942, 16 February - ) 
Marjorie Content (1895, 17 February - 1984, 20 August) 
T. Enami (1859, 17 February - 1929, 16 April) 
Fay Godwin (1931, 17 February - 2005, 27 May) 
Frederic E. Ives (1856, 17 February - 1937, 27 May) 
Lajos Geenen (1972, 18 February - ) 
Philip Jones Griffiths (1936, 18 February - 2008, 19 March) 
Helmar Lerski (1871, 18 February - 1956, 29 November) 
Ernst Mach (1838, 18 February - 1916, 19 February) 
Duane Michals (1932, 18 February - ) 
André Breton (1896, 19 February - 1966, 28 September) 
Roger Camp (1945, 19 February - ) 
J.H. Field (1869, 19 February - 1936, 14 January) 
Ansel Adams (1902, 20 February - 1984, 22 April) 
Carl J. Agrell (1900, 20 February - 1967, 14 July) 
Henry B. Goodwin (1878, 20 February - 1931, 11 September) 
Josiah Johnson Hawes (1808, 20 February - 1901) 
Constantin Brancusi (1876, 21 February - 1957, 16 March) 
Yale Joel (1919, 21 February - 2006, 30 September) 
Mikael Levin (1954, 21 February - ) 
Pierre Jules Cesar Janssen (1824, 22 February - 1907, 23 December) 
Stefan Lorant (1901, 22 February - 1997, 14 November) 
Kyoichi Sawada (1936, 22 February - 1970, 28 October) 
Franz Antoine (1815, 23 February - 1886, 11 March) 
George S. Cook (1819, 23 February - 1902, 27 November) 
W.E.B. Du Bois (1868, 23 February - 1963, 27 August) 
Hiroshi Sugimoto (1948, 23 February - ) 
Jo Babcock (1954, 24 February - ) 
Emil Brugsch (1842, 24 February - 1930, 14 January) 
Joan Fontcuberta (1955, 24 February - ) 
St George Corbet Gore (1849, 24 February - ) 
George R. Lawrence (1868, 24 February - 1938, 15 December) 
Witkacy (1885, 24 February - 1939, 18 September) 
Jeffrey Becom (1953, 25 February - ) 
Gordon Coster (1906, 25 February - 1988) 
Fukase Masahisa (1934, 25 February - 2012, 9 June) 
Norman Kulkin (1946, 25 February - ) 
Heinrich Kühn (1866, 25 February - 1944, 9 October) 
Edouard Deville (1849, 26 February - 1924, 21 September) 
Levi L. Hill (1816, 26 February - 1865, 9 February) 
Frank Davey (1860, 27 February - ) 
Gustav Adolph Selle (1854, 27 February - 1902, 2 January) 
Philip Trager (1935, 27 February - ) 
N.J. Caire (1837, 28 February - 1918) 
Harland P. Nasvik (1908, 28 February - 1993, 23 October) 
Pierre Boucher (1908, 29 February - 2000) 
Hercules Florence (1804, 29 February - 1879, 27 March) 
 
  
Deaths 
  
Melville Clarke (1834, 15 December - 1878, 1 February) 
Raoul Hausmann (1886, 12 July - 1971, 1 February) 
Henry Coit Perkins (1804, 13 November - 1873, 1 February) 
Camille Silvy (1834, 18 May - 1910, 2 February) 
Jan Bulhak (1876, 6 October - 1950, 4 February) 
Alexander Rea (1858, 17 October - 1921, 4 February) 
Edward L. Bafford (1902, 16 January - 1981, 5 February) 
Jean-Gabriel Eynard (1775, 28 December - 1863, 5 February) 
Major General Sir Charles Metcalfe MacGregor (1840, 12 August - 1887, 5 February) 
Ishimoto Yasuhiro (1921, 14 June - 2012, 6 February) 
Wolfgang Reisewitz (1917, 9 September - 2012, 8 February) 
Aaron Siskind (1903, 4 December - 1991, 8 February) 
Maxime Du Camp (1822, 8 February - 1894, 9 February) 
Levi L. Hill (1816, 26 February - 1865, 9 February) 
Larry Burrows (1926, 20 May - 1971, 10 February) 
Thomas John Barnes (1809 - 1901, 11 February) 
Léon Foucault (1819, 18 September - 1868, 11 February) 
Pierre Verger (1902, 4 November - 1996, 11 February) 
Lillian Bassman (1917, 15 June - 2012, 13 February) 
Alphonse Bertillon (1853, 22 April - 1914, 13 February) 
Polycarpe Joaillier (1848, 5 December - 1904, 13 February) 
Marmaduke Henry Arnott (1858, 3 July - 1943, 14 February) 
Hugo Erfurth (1874, 14 October - 1948, 14 February) 
Gjon Mili (1904, 28 November - 1984, 14 February) 
Maurice Vidal Portman (1860, 21 March - 1935, 14 February) 
Frederick Kruger (1831, 18 April - 1888, 15 February) 
Karoly Escher (1890, 21 October - 1966, 16 February) 
Wilhelm von Gloeden (1856, 16 September - 1931, 16 February) 
Guillain Charles (1808, 19 May - 1875, 17 February) 
Anne Brigman (1869, 3 December - 1950, 18 February) 
Andreas Feininger (1906, 27 December - 1999, 18 February) 
James W. Bagley (1881, 31 October - 1947, 19 February) 
Charles François Daubigny (1817, 15 February - 1878, 19 February) 
James E. Hinton Jr. (1936 - 2006, 19 February) 
John William Lindt (1845 - 1926, 19 February) 
Ernst Mach (1838, 18 February - 1916, 19 February) 
Auguste Vacquerie (1819, 19 November - 1895, 19 February) 
John Claude White (1853, 1 October - 1918, 19 February) 
Karl F. Kunkel (1900, 5 October - 1995, 20 February) 
Emmy Andriesse (1914, 14 January - 1953, 21 February) 
Robert Bingham (1824 - 1870, 21 February) 
Pierre Jahan (1909, 9 September - 2003, 21 February) 
Art Kane (1925, 9 April - 1995, 21 February) 
Ivo Precek (1935, 12 September - 2006, 21 February) 
Henry Peach Robinson (1830, 9 July - 1901, 21 February) 
Charles Piazzi Smyth (1819, 3 January - 1900, 21 February) 
Laure Albin-Guillot (1879 - 1962, 22 February) 
Jean Baptiste Corot (1796, 17 July - 1875, 22 February) 
Andy Warhol (1928, 6 August - 1987, 22 February) 
Hans Bellmer (1902, 13 March - 1975, 23 February) 
Maurice Tabard (1897, 12 July - 1984, 23 February) 
Rev. Edward Godfrey (1820, 4 September - 1918, 24 February) 
John Collier (1913, 22 May - 1992, 25 February) 
Francis Frith (1822 - 1898, 25 February) 
A. Horsley Hinton (1863 - 1908, 25 February) 
Christian Schad (1894, 21 August - 1982, 25 February) 
Luigi Veronesi (1908, 28 May - 1998, 25 February) 
Gustav Klutsis (1895, 4 January - 1944, 26 February) 
Lucien Lorelle (1894, 29 December - 1968, 26 February) 
William George Pritchard (1813, 27 November - 1887, 26 February) 
Consuelo Kanaga (1894, 25 May - 1978, 28 February) 
Alexander Edwin Caddy (1846, 14 April - 1904, 29 February) 
February 2017
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