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HomeContentsThemes > Morocco


Information requests
92.01   Improving content on countries
92.02   Irving Penn: Morocco
92.03   Lalla Essaydi: Les Femmes du Maroc
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated.
Information requests 
92.01   Africa >  Improving content on countries 
We are seeking to extend the information and examples we can share on this country.
  • Earliest photographs
  • Key photographers and their studios
  • Major documentary photographic series
  • Significant historical events
  • Books, magazines and journals - including their covers
  • Photographic societies and associations - including outings and meetings
These points are indicative of topics that could be included on this page and if you have expertise you would like to share now is the time to get in touch.
If you are able to assist in any way it is appreciated.
92.02   Africa >  Irving Penn: Morocco 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
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92.03   Africa >  Lalla Essaydi: Les Femmes du Maroc 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
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Moroccan born photographer, Lalla Essaydi incorporates layers of Islamic calligraphy applied by hand with henna, in tandem with poses directly inspired by 19th Century Orientalist painting. By appropriating this imagery, the works reflect the "complex female identities" found in Morocco and throughout the Muslim world. Essaydi’s photographs provide the opportunity for the artist and her subjects to engage in the emerging "culture of Islamic feminism."
During the 19th Century, French painters such as Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Eugène Delacroix and Jean-Léon Gérôme indulged their audiences with the trend for images of the middle-eastern harem and the eroticisized Arab female body. Utilizing the perspective of an Arab woman living in a Western world, the artist attempts to reexamine Arab female identity.
Set within an unoccupied house, owned by the artist’s family, a place to which Essaydi was sent as a form of punishment when she disobeyed, Les Femmes du Maroc represents an exploration of the imaginary boundaries and "permissible space" codified by traditional Muslim society. Lalla Essaydi writes, "the presence of men defines public space, the streets, the meeting places. Women are confined to private spaces, the architecture of the homes."
"I am writing. I am writing on me, I am writing on her. The story began to be written the moment the present began." Translated from the original Arabic, Essaydi’s personal writing subverts traditional Muslim gender stereotypes through the presence of the written word. The sacred Islamic art form of calligraphy, traditionally reserved exclusively for men, is employed by Essaydi as a small act of defiance against a culture in which women are relegated to the private sphere. Crossing a prohibited cultural threshold through the act of writing, Les Femmes du Maroc enables the artist and her subjects to engage in a simple act of self-expression.[1] 

  1. Λ Text courtesy of the Edwynn Houk Gallery.


HomeContents > Further research

Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
Pierre Dieulefils 
Dieulefils, P.; Bel, A[lfred] & Boussenot, Gustave, [1916], Maroc occidental : Fe`s-Mekne`s d'apre`s les documents historiques, ethnographiques et architecturaux, (Paris: [P. Dieulefils]) [Δ
Gabriel Veyre 
Abdelouahab, Farid; Jacquier, Philippe & Pranal, Marion, 2005, Le Maroc de Gabriel Veyre: 1901-1936, (Kubik Editions) isbn-10: 2350830187 isbn-13: 978-2350830186 [Δ
Veyre, Gabriel, 1905, Dans l'intimité du Sultan, au Maroc 1901-1905, (Paris: Librairie universelle) [Δ
Veyre, Gabriel, 2009, Dans l'intimité du Sultan, au Maroc 1901-1905, (Casablanca: Afrique Orient) [Illustrated edition with a preface by Mostafa Bouaziz] [Δ
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - 

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

A. Cavilla • A. Chouffly • Pierre Dieulefils  (1862-1937) • Lalla Essaydi • Enrique Fazio • Rose-Lynn Fisher • Marcelin Flandrin  (1889-1957) • Gabriel Veyre  (1871-1936) • Albert Watson  (1942-)
HomeGeographical regionsAfrica > Morocco 
A wider gaze

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Morocco

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan -

ThumbnailLalla Essaydi: Les Femmes du Maroc 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (January 23, 2008)

HomeVisual indexes > Morocco

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan -

ThumbnailA. Cavilla: Morocco: Places 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailA. Cavilla: Morocco: Portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailGeorge Washington Wilson: Morocco 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailIrving Penn: Morocco 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailLalla Essaydi: Les Femmes du Maroc 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailMorocco: Fez 
ThumbnailMorocco: Tangier 
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Refreshed: 17 January 2015, 07:08
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