|Contents||This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated. |
Status: Collect > Document > Analyse > Improve
884.01 Scientific > War: Atomic explosions: New Mexico, at the Alamogordo Test Range, first ever nuclear explosion
884.02 Scientific > War: Atomic explosions: Destruction of test house
884.03 Scientific > War: Atomic explosions: Hiroshima
At 8:15 on the morning of 6th August 1945 B-29 bomber (Enola Gay) of US Air force 393d Bombardment Squadron piloted by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets dropped an atom bomb, "Little Boy", on the city of Hiroshima in Japan.
A small number of photographs were taken from only 7km from the blast site as the mushroom cloud was rising about the city by Seizo Yamada. Mitsuo Matsushige also photographed the explosion. Remarkably some photographs by an unidentified photographer were also found at Honkawa Elementary School.
Wayne Miller who was a part of Edward Steichen's Naval Aviation Photographic Unit took photographs in Hiroshima in September 1945.
Swiss photojournalist Werner Bischof in 1951 took a photograph of a survivor with a terribly scarred back.
Japanese photographers were not surprising deeply affected by the atom bomb. The Post-War pacifist and no-nuclear-weapons policies of Japan were a result of an immediacy to the physical destruction and the long-term medical affects.
In 1958 Ken Domon's book Hiroshima was published. The book had photographs by Ken Domon a dust jacket design by Jean Miro and was designed by Shigejiro Sano.
On the twentieth anniversary of the bombing Kikuji Kawada's book The Map was published. The book with its complex meanings, gatefolds and highly abstract photographs showing the wall stains left by the bomb was difficult at the time the book was first published.
Kenji Ishiguro's 1970 book Hiroshima Now is about a city that is survived the tragedy. It has not forgotten but it is moving forward.
Photographic reflections on tragedy
The survivors of the two atomic bombs on Japan are known as the Hibakusha. Photographers, including Marissa Roth, have returned to document them.
884.04 Scientific > War: Atomic explosions: Nagasaki
Soon after 11.00 on the morning of 9th August 1945 B-29 bomber (Bockscar) of US Airforce 393d Bombardment Squadron piloted by Major Charles W. Sweeney dropped an atom bomb, "Fat Man", on the city of Nagasaki in Japan.
Photographic reflections on tragedy
Shomei Tomatsu's 1966 book 11 ji 02 fun Nagasaki ("11:02" Nagasaki) takes its name from the exact time of the explosion. The opening photograph of a glass bottle twisted into a repulsive form by the heat of the explosion is almost a metaphor for the changes in Japanese society that had been brought about by the Second World War and the post-War occupation.
884.05 Scientific > War: Atomic explosions: Examples
884.06 Scientific > John Darwell: Legacy - Inside the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer
The images shown here explore inside the 30-kilometre exclusion zone surrounding the Chernobyl Power Plant. Evacuated with 24 hours notice after the 1986 melt down of one of its three nuclear reactors, the zone now stands as a symbol of the dangers inherent within the nuclear process. Empty villages strewn with the reminders of the former population are scattered throughout the zone and at its centre is the city of Pripyat, formerly a symbol of the Ukraine‘s bright new future and now too radioactive to even demolish, its buildings crumbling and littered with the detritus of a fleeing population.
Yet amongst this devastation a few, usually old, people have returned to their homes in the zone (they were initially removed to the outskirts of Kiev) for want of anywhere else, or safer, to go, and make a living from this radioactive and most notorious of locations.
"On the basis of demographic data, during the last 15 years, 60,000 people have died additionally in Russia because of the Chernobyl accident and estimates of the total death toll for Ukraine and Belarus could be another 140,000," (Source : ‘cbsnews.com‘ April 21st 2006 ‘Number of Chernobyl-Related Deaths Debated‘.)
Ukraine finally shut down the Chernobyl Power Plant in 2000.
© John Darwell
- Λ Werner Bischof published several books on his photographs of Japan including - Werner Bischof & Robert Guillain, 1954, Japan, (Simon & Schuster), in German; Werner Bischof, 1961, Japan by Werner Bischof, (Bantam Books)
- Λ Ken Domon, 1958, Hiroshima, (Tokyo): (Kenko-sha)
- Λ Kikuji Kawada, 1965, The Map, (Tokyo: Bijutsu Shuppansha)
For a background to this book - Ryuichi Kaneko & Ivan Vartanian, 2009, Japanese Photobooks of the 1960s and '70s, (New York: Aperture), pp. 86-93
- Λ Kenji Ishiguro, 1970, Hiroshima Now, (Tokyo: Shinya Sosho-sha)
- Λ The Japanese word Hibakusha literally translates as "explosion-affected people".
Hibakusha - Wikipedia
(Accessed: 13 January 2014)
- Λ Shomei Tomatsu, 1966, 11 ji 02 fun Nagasaki ("11:02" Nagasaki), (Tokyo: Shashin Dojinsha)
For a context to this book - Ryuichi Kaneko & Ivan Vartanian, 2009, Japanese Photobooks of the 1960s and '70s, (New York: Aperture)
- Λ Svetlana Alexievich, 2006, Voices from Chernobyl: The Oral History of a Nuclear Disaster, (Picador)
Light, Michael, 2003, 100 Suns, (Knopf) isbn-10: 1400041139 isbn-13: 978-1400041138 [Δ]
Readings on, or by, individual photographers
Darwell, John, 2001, John Darwell: Legacy: Photographs From the Chernobyl Exclusion, (Dewi Lewis Publishing) isbn-10: 1899235582 isbn-13: 978-1899235582 [Δ]
Gowin, Emmet, 2002, Emmet Gowin: Changing the Earth, (New Haven: Yale University Press) [Δ]
Shambroom, Paul, 2003, Face to Face with the Bomb: Nuclear Reality after the Cold War, (The Johns Hopkins University Press) isbn-10: 0801872022 isbn-13: 978-0801872020 [Δ]
Tomatsu, Shomei, 1966, 11 ji 02 fun Nagasaki ("11:02" Nagasaki), (Tokyo: Shashin Dojinsha) [Δ]
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - firstname.lastname@example.org
John Darwell (1955-) • Emmet Gowin (1941-) • Michael Light (1963-) • Paul Shambroom (1956-) • Shõmei Tõmatsu (1930-2012)
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