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HomeContentsThemes > Transportation


727.01   An introduction to transportation
Transportation infrastructure
727.02   Les Travaux Publics de la France (1878-1882)
727.03   Ports, harbours and docks
Transportation and photograph types
727.04   Albumen prints: Transportation
727.05   Carte de visites: Backs: Transportation
727.06   Stereoviews: Transportation
727.07   Vernacular: Transportation
Transportation backgrounds
727.08   Backgrounds: Transportation
Transportation and fashion
727.09   Transportation and fashion examples
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated.
727.01   Transportation >  An introduction to transportation 
Understanding different styles and movements in the history of photography can be clearly seen through photographs of transportation. In the nineteenth century most photographs on transportation were documentary and they portrayed a relatively simple message of this is how the world is rather than deeper messages on the longer term implications of the changes. The photographs of railway stations, shipyards and docks showed the taming of the world for the benefits of commerce which is a form of propaganda and as a lot of the photographs were taken for railroad companies and their investors the intention was to display the grandeur of civil engineering. The Les Travaux Publics de la France (1878-1882) series of bridges, roads, canals, port improvements, lighthouses and beacons is an excellent example of this.  
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Les Travaux Publics de la France (1878-1882) 
Pictorialism and transportation is mostly filled with nostalgia for a passing age with rural tracks, horse-drawn carts, wagons and buses and sailing ships. The age of Pictorialism from 1890 to 1915 coincided with the increasing popularity of automobiles but they do not feature. With the exception of the two Alfred Stieglitz The Terminal (1892) and Winter on Fifth Avenue (1896) which use wintery conditions to enhance the feeling there was little imagination in the choice of subject.  
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Pictorialism and transportation 
Railways and the miles of track laid each years were indicators of nineteenth century progress the new stations and gleaming locomotives were symbolic of rising civilization and increasing mobility and trade. Photographs of Stieglitz such as The Hand of Man (1903) and In the New York Central Yards (1905) do not address progress but rather railways as a part of a modern city. The smoke and steam of the engines are there but the mood is of looking back rather than looking forward to a new age. Alfred Stieglitz: Railways The aeroplane was the conquering of the air in a more profound way than balloons ever could. Early balloons were captives to the wind but with motorised flight humans had conquered the air. The Stieglitz photograph The Aeroplane (1910) was printed as a photogravure in Camera Work and it is one of these photographs that is Pictorialist in technology but Modernist in form and content. If the same negative was printed on a crisp gelatin silver print it would be worthy of the Bauhaus and it would only the type of plane that gave it away.  
Alfred Stieglitz: The Aeroplane (1910) 
With child prodigy Jacques-Henri Lartigue (1894-1986)[1] we can see the unrestrained eye of a child where his photographs capture the joy of the experience rather to adherence to a style.  
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Jacques-Henri Lartigue: A youthful eye 
With Modernism we see the sharp lines and technical virtuosity that captures the age of machines and industrial design. In some cases the photographs were to engender nationalist sentiments or as indicators of commercial prowess.  
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Anatoli Egorov: Transport plane L-760 
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Robert Yarnall Ritchie: Modernism and Transportation 
As experimental photography and changing viewpoints became accepted from the 1920s so photographs taking advantage of the inherent nature of motion within transportation appeared  
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Experimentation with motion with transportation 
Transportation infrastructure 
727.02   Transportation >  Les Travaux Publics de la France (1878-1882) 
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Slideshow (Be patient as this has 25 slides to load.) 
In the middle of the nineteenth century a large number of public works were being constructed in France for the benefit of society. The bridges, roads, canals, port improvements, lighthouses and beacons were under the direction of the Ministère des Travaux Publics and photographs were shown at the Universal Exhibition in Vienna (1873). It was decided to create a publication of the photographs and this was organised by James de Rothschild and additional photographs were added. The five volume Les Travaux Publics de la France (1878-1882)[2] stands as one of the great documentary studies but is little known.
The photographs taken show the marvels of the construction and to emphasise the grandeur they are largely devoid of people and are similar to the typological works of Bernd & Hilla Becher[3] which came much later.
This publication included many of the best regional photographers working in France from the middle of the 19th century including:
Édouard Baldus (Paris)
Michel Berthauld (Paris)
De Bray (Nice)
Cabibel (Perpignan)
Cognac (La Rochelle)
Hippolyte-Auguste Collard (Paris)
Louis Alphonse Davanne (Paris)
Eugène Delon (Toulouse)
J. Duclos (Quimper)
Joguet (Lyon)
De Labrador (Bayonne)
Letellier (Le Havre)
Magny (Coutances)
Pacault (Pau)
Prompt (Albi)
Provost (Béziers)
Romanowski (Montpellier)
Sarault (Asnières)
Alphonse Terpereau (Bordeaux)
Adolphe Terris (Marseille)
   Documentary 19thc Les Travaux Publics De La France 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
727.03   Transportation >  Ports, harbours and docks 
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Slideshow (Be patient as this has 80 slides to load.) 
Transportation and photograph types 
727.04   Transportation >  Albumen prints: Transportation 
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727.05   Transportation >  Carte de visites: Backs: Transportation 
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727.06   Transportation >  Stereoviews: Transportation 
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727.07   Transportation >  Vernacular: Transportation 
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Transportation backgrounds 
727.08   Transportation >  Backgrounds: Transportation 
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Slideshow (Be patient as this has 36 slides to load.) 
Transportation and fashion 
727.09   Transportation >  Transportation and fashion examples 
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  1. Λ Jacques-Henri Lartigue, 1966, Boyhood Photos of J. H. Lartigue: The Family Album of a Gilded Age, (Lausanne, Switzerland: Ami Guichard); Martine D’Astier, Quentin Bajac & Alain Saya, 2003, Lartigue: Album of a Century, (New York: Harry N. Abrams) 
  2. Λ Les Travaux Publics de la France was published in five parts:
    Volume I: Félix Lukas - Ponts et routes (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Bridges and roads]
    Volume II: Edourd-Charles-Romain Collignon - Chemins de fer (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Railways]
    Volume III: H. de Lagrene - Rivières et canaux (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Rivers and canals]
    Volume IV: Voisin-Bey - Ports de mer (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Sea ports]
    Volume V: Emile Allard - Phares et balises (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Lighthouses and beacons]
  3. Λ There is a large literature on Bernd and Hilla Becher including - Bernd & Hiller Becher, 2004, Typologies of Industrial Buildings, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press); Bernhard & Hilla Becher, 1970, Anonyme Skulpturen, A Typology of Technical Constructions, (New York: Wittenborn and Co.); Susanne Lange, 2006, Bernd and Hilla Becher: Life and Work, (The MIT Press)


HomeContents > Further research

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General reading 
Falconer, John, 1993, Sail & Steam: A Century of Maritime Enterprise: 1840-1935: Photographs from the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, (London: Viking) isbn-10: 067084750X [Δ
Lyden, Anne M., 2003, Railroad Vision: Photography, Travel, and Perception, (J. Paul Getty Museum) isbn-10: 0892367261 isbn-13: 978-0892367269 [Δ
Rothschild, James de (sponsor), 1878-1882, Les travaux publics [The work was published in five parts:
Volume I: Félix Lukas - Ponts et routes (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Bridges and roads]
Volume II: Edourd-Charles-Romain Collignon - Chemins de fer (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Railways]
Volume III: H. de Lagrene - Rivières et canaux (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Rivers and canals]
Volume IV: Voisin-Bey - Ports de mer (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Sea ports]
Volume V: Emile Allard - Phares et balises (Paris: J. Rothschild, 1878-1882) [Lighthouses and beacons]
] [Δ
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
Father Browne 
O'Donnell, E.E., 1996, Father Browne's Titanic Album: A Passenger's Photographs and Personal Memoir, (Wolfhound Press) isbn-10: 0863275982 [Δ
Alexander Gardner 
Gardner, Alexander, 1869 (ca), Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad (Route of the 35th Parallel) [Δ
O. Winston Link 
Link, O. Winston, 1957, "Night Trick" on the Norfolk and Western Railway, (Roanoke, Virginia: Norfolk and Western Railway) [Δ
Link, O.W., 1987, Steam, Steel & Stars: America’s Last Steam Railroad, (New York: Harry N. Abrams) [With T. Hensley] [Δ
Link, O.W., 1995, The Last Steam Railroad in America: From Tidewater to Whitetop, (New York: Harry N. Abrams) [With T. Garver] [Δ
Jeffrey Milstein 
Milstein, Jeffrey, 2007, Aircraft: The Jet as Art, (Harry N. Abrams) isbn-10: 081099285X isbn-13: 978-0810992856 [Δ
Anton Rohrbach 
Junevicius, Dainius, 2013, Antalis Rohrbachas 1861 m. fotografijos, (Vilnius: Versus Aureus) isbn-13: 978-9955344049 [Δ
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - 

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

Hippolyte-Auguste Collard  (1812-1897) • Jeffrey Milstein • Anton Rohrbach  (1825-1889)
HomeThemes > Transportation 
A wider gazeA closer lookRelated topics 

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Transportation

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan -

ThumbnailJeffrey Milstein: Aircraft 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 18, 2007)
ThumbnailTransportation: Cars 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 1, 2012)
ThumbnailWilliam Laven: War Models 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (November 16, 2006)

HomeVisual indexes > Transportation

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan -

ThumbnailCalvert Richard Jones: Ships and harbours 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailRobert Howlett and George Downes: The Leviathan, Steam Ship 
ThumbnailS.A. King: Balloon flights 
ThumbnailUnidentified daguerreotypist: Locomotive engine (no. 15), cars and two men (ca. 1850) 
ThumbnailWilliam Henry Jackson: Pack animals 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailZoltan Glass: Motor races and car shows 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailArkadii Shaikhet - Robert Yarnall Ritchie 
ThumbnailBert Hardy - O. Winston Link 
ThumbnailFred Church - Paul Burty Haviland - Alfred Stieglitz 
ThumbnailHorace Bristol - Jack Delano 
ThumbnailJacques-Henri Lartigue - Unidentified photographer 
ThumbnailKeystone View Company - Unidentified photographer 
ThumbnailKonrad Brandel - Nadar - Horace Hall 
ThumbnailUnidentified photographer - Clarisse d'Arcimoles 
ThumbnailArchitecture: Train stations 
ThumbnailBritain's R101 airship under construction at the Royal Airship Works, Cardington 
ThumbnailCoventry-rotary, Photo-tricycle, M.D. Rudge and Co. (Great Britain) 
ThumbnailPorts, harbours and docks 
ThumbnailRoad accidents 
ThumbnailTransportation: Airplanes 
ThumbnailTransportation: Airships 
ThumbnailTransportation: Balloon flights 
ThumbnailTransportation: Boats, canoes and kayaks 
ThumbnailTransportation: Buses 
ThumbnailTransportation: Cars 
ThumbnailTransportation: Chariots 
ThumbnailTransportation: Motorcycles and scooters 
ThumbnailTransportation: Pack animals - mules, donkeys, burros and horses 
ThumbnailTransportation: Russian airplane 
ThumbnailTransportation: Sailing ships 
ThumbnailTransportation: Sedan chairs (Kago) 
ThumbnailTransportation: Shipping 
ThumbnailTransportation: Sleighs 
ThumbnailTransportation: Steamboats and paddle steamers 
ThumbnailTransportation: Submarines 
ThumbnailTransportation: Trains, railroads and railways 
ThumbnailTransportation: Trains: Central Pacific Railroad 
ThumbnailTransportation: Wagon trains 
ThumbnailTransportation: Wagons, carts, carriages and buggies 
ThumbnailVernacular: Themes: Transportation 
ThumbnailBackgrounds: Street photographers 
ThumbnailBackgrounds: Transportation 
ThumbnailAlbumen prints: Themes: Transportation 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Transportation 
   Private collections 
ThumbnailCollection Laddy Kite: Transportation 
   Still thinking about these... 
ThumbnailDaguerreotypes of canal construction (ca. 1850) 
ThumbnailEastland disaster 
ThumbnailMessing about on boats 
ThumbnailThis "flying-machine" is just painted on canvas 
ThumbnailWyoming: Dale Creek Crossing (1868-1901) 
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