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HomeContentsThemes > Refugees

Contents

Introduction
569.01   Refugees and migrants
569.02   Refugees during the First World War (1914-1918)
569.03   The Berlin Wall
Photographers
569.04   Adrian J. Ebell: The Indian Massacres and the War of 1862
569.05   Augustus Francis Sherman: Ellis Island portraits
569.06   Nelly's: Greek refugees from Asia Minor
569.07   Steve McCurry - The Power of a Single Image
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated.
 
  
Introduction 
  
569.01   Documentary >  Refugees and migrants 
  
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569.02   Documentary >  Refugees during the First World War (1914-1918) 
  
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The devastation of the First World War (1914-1918) resulted in large numbers of displaced persons and refugees. Lewis Hine, now well-known for his photographs of child labor in America for the NCLC, documented relief work and refugees in 1918.[1] French photographer Jean-Baptiste Tournassoud in his graphic portfolio of the chaos La Guerre[2] included the photograph Refugees in the church of Freniches, Oise[3] which showed French civilians waiting - just waiting. 
  
569.03   Documentary >  The Berlin Wall 
  
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The Berlin Wall in Germany from its construction in 1961 until 1989 was a physical symbol of the ideological differenes that separated East and West during the Cold War (1945-1991).[4] For photojournalists it was politics set in concrete and escapes across it were seen in the West as a search for freedom from what was an oppressive and dictatorial regime. Leonard Freed, Don McCullin and many others took photographs of the Berlin Wall and the checkpoints along it . Some of the most memorable images are of the escapes including the photograph Peter Leibing took of East German border guard Konrad Schumann jumping over barbed wire line to West Berlin on the 15th August 1961. 
  
Photographers 
  
569.04   Documentary >  Adrian J. Ebell: The Indian Massacres and the War of 1862 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Adrian John Ebell[5] travelled with his assistant Edwin R. Lawton to photograph Indians for his magic lantern shows in 1862 little expecting to be witnesses to the Dakota War[6] of the same year. On 21 August 1862 he photographed the mission refugees as they fled the attacks. He wrote sensationalist articles for the St. Paul Daily Press and the article "The Indian Massacres and War of 1862" that was published in Harper's New Monthly Magazine.[7] 
  
569.05   Documentary >  Augustus Francis Sherman: Ellis Island portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Augustus Francis Sherman (1865-1925) was a registry clerk at Ellis Island (NY)[8] and between 1904 and 1920 he took over 200 photographs of new arrivals.[9] 
  
   Augustus Francis  Sherman 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
569.06   Documentary >  Nelly's: Greek refugees from Asia Minor 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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569.07   Documentary >  Steve McCurry - The Power of a Single Image 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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In 1984 the American photojournalist Steve McCurry took a photograph of an Afghan refugee at a camp in Peshawar, Pakistan. Her startling eyes and her expression of apprehension and uncertainty deeply affected those who saw the image and it was widely reprinted - the image led many to ask who the refugee was and what happened to her and this became a quest for Steve McCurry to answer. After nearly two decades he returned with a television team to try and locate her again. He tracked her down and he learnt her name for the first time, Sharbat Gula. The publicity surrounding this led to an outpouring of charitable generosity and Steve McCurry has used the image to promote charitable projects in Asia through the ImagineAsia Foundation with which he is associated.
 
Here are several versions of the same image - one is the original image, another is the book cover for the book Portraits by Steve McCurry that contains many of his most memorable shots. Another photograph was taken in July 2005 in Seattle (USA) showing a mural that includes the same photograph on the exterior wall of the Kabul restaurant that serves Afghan cuisine. 
  
 
  

Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ For Lewis Hines and the First World War - Daile Kaplan, 2003, Lewis Hine in Europe, (Abbreville) 
      
  2. Λ Jean-Baptiste Tournassoud , [1914-1919], La Guerre, 150 planches artistiques de la collection personnelle du Commandant Tournassoud, Ex-Directeur du Service Photographique et Cinematographique de Guerre 
      
  3. Λ Jean-Baptiste Tournassoud , [1914-1919], La Guerre, 150 planches artistiques de la collection personnelle du Commandant Tournassoud, Ex-Directeur du Service Photographique et Cinematographique de Guerre, pl. 120 
      
  4. Λ Berlin Wall - Wikipedia
    (Accessed: 12 November 2013)
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall 
      
  5. Λ Adrian J. Ebell, 1863, June, ‘The Indian Massacres and War of 1862‘, Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 27, no. 157; Alan R. Woolworth, 1994, Summer, ‘Adrian J. Ebell, Photographer and Journalist of the Dakota War of 1862‘, Minnesota History, pp. 87-92 
      
  6. Λ The US-Dakota War of 1862
    (Accessed: 27 October 2014)
    www.usdakotawar.org 
      
  7. Λ Adrian J. Ebell, 1863, June, ‘The Indian Massacres and War of 1862‘, Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 27, no. 157; 
      
  8. Λ Barbara Benton, 1987, Ellis Island: A Pictorial History, (Facts on File) 
      
  9. Λ Augustus F. Sherman & Peter Mesenhöller, 2005, Augustus F. Sherman: Ellis Island Portraits 1905–1920, (Aperure) 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
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General reading 
  
Nassar, Issam & Salti, Rasha (eds.), 2009, I Would Have Smiled: Photographing the Palestinian Refugee Experience, (Jerusalem: Institute for Palestine Studies) [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Chim 
  
Young, Cynthia; Naggar, Carole & Cohen, Roger, 2013, We Went Back: Photographs from Europe 1933-1956 by Chim, (Prestel) isbn-10: 3791352814 isbn-13: 978-3791352817 [Δ
  
Josef Koudelka 
  
Koudelka, Josef, 1988, Josef Koudelka: Exils, (Paris: Centre National de la Photographie) [Δ
  
Sebastião Salgado 
  
Salgado, Sebastião, 2000, Migrations, (New York: Aperture) [Δ
  
Salgado, Sebastião, 2000, The Children: Refugees and Migrants, (New York: Aperture) [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Thérèse Bonney  (1894-1978) • Chim  (1911-1956) • Adrian J. Ebell  (1840-1877) • David Goldblatt  (1930-) • Lewis W. Hine  (1874-1940) • Josef Koudelka  (1938-) • Dorothea Lange  (1895-1965) • Don McCullin  (1935-) • Steve McCurry  (1950-) • James Nachtwey  (1948-) • Nelly's  (1899-1998) • Sebastião Salgado  (1944-) • Augustus Francis Sherman • Ad van Denderen • Alex Webb  (1952-)
HomeThemesDocumentarySociety > Refugees 
A wider gazeRelated topics 
  
Homelessness 
Immigrants and immigration 
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > Refugees

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailAdrian J. Ebell: The Indian Massacres and the War of 1862 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAugustus Francis Sherman: Ellis Island portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailNelly's: Greek refugees from Asia Minor 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailSteve McCurry: Afghan Refugee 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
 
  
   Themes 
  
ThumbnailDocumentary: Refugees and migrants 
 
 
  
Refreshed: 17 December 2014, 12:54
 
  
 
  
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