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HomeContentsThemes > Land art

Contents

536.01   Land art
536.02   Andy Goldsworthy: Books
536.03   Christo and Jean-Claude
536.04   Richard Long: On-site sculptures
536.05   Robert Smithson: On-site sculptures
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated. 
  
Status: Collect > Document > Analyse > Improve
 
  
536.01   Art >  Land art 
  
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Land art or Environmental art[1] is a direct artistic response to natural surroundings. Artists create temporary sculptures using natural materials, such as mud, rocks, leaves, ice and twigs. These can be small in scale such as Andy Goldworthy's[2] use of leaves to outline a branch or as large as a semi-permanent "spiral jetty"[3] made using rock in the Great Salt Lake Utah by Robert Smithson. Photography is a means of documenting the project and it is the text, drawings and photographs that become the historical record of the original artwork and they are integral to it.
 
Another form of Land art does not alter or take from the landscape in a physical sense but rather explores it. This is the case with Hamish Fulton whose walks and the resulting diaries and images are a documentation of the event:
“I am what I call a ‘walking artist’… Walking is an art form in its own right. I place emphasis on the experience of walking.”[4]
 
  
536.02   Art >  Andy Goldsworthy: Books 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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To gain an alternative perspective on the natural world examine the books of the Scottish sculptor Andy Goldsworthy who uses leaves, petals, stones and ice to construct transient creations of outstanding beauty and he preserves these short-lived masterpieces photographically.[5] In a 2007 interview in The Observer gave a context:
Goldsworthy is a land artist in the tradition of the great American earth-movers like Robert Smithson who created Spiral Jetty at Salt Lake, Utah. Richard Long, who imported that tradition to Britain, is another mentor; like them, he wants to get away from two-dimensional representation of landscape in a frame, and give you the thing itself. That's the theory. But he is also strongly in the tradition of everyone who has ever had memorable days making dens in parks or sandcastles on beaches. He preserves such ephemeral creations, icicle statues on rocks, brilliant forest dramas made with autumn leaves, in exquisite photographs.[6]
 
  
536.03   Art >  Christo and Jean-Claude 
  
Christo and his wife Jeanne-Claudehave been influential in the art world with large scale projects that use the natural environment, urban settings or individual buildings.[7] An essential part of the process has been the documentation of the projects and photography has always been a part of that. Photographers such as Wolfgang Volz and Simon Chaput have recorded the projects. In an interview referring to their wrapping of the Reichstag[8] Christo said:
We inherit everything that belongs to the space, it is not invented by us. You know, the political dimension of the Reichstag is not invented by us. There are photographs of the Wrapped Reichstag, There are preparation drawings for the Wrapped Reichstag. Those are about the Wrapped Reichstag, but that is not the project. The real project was not about the Reichstag, it was the Reichstag. A film by National Geographic about lions is not the real lions.[9]
As Magritte wrote on his painting of a pipe “C’est ne pas une pipe” (This is not a pipe) the same is true for photographic documentation of land art projects – they are not the projects. A point the artists made in another interview:
By borrowing that space, we inherit everything that is inherent in that space to become part of the work of art. We do not invent ecology in Biscayne Bay in Florida. It was in the bay in Florida. It is a real bay. It is not the photograph of the bay; it is not a drawing of the bay; it is not the film of the bay. In a sense, all our projects deal with the real things, not imagery. [10]
 
  
536.04   Art >  Richard Long: On-site sculptures 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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536.05   Art >  Robert Smithson: On-site sculptures 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ John K. Grande, 2004, Art Nature Dialogues: Interviews with Environmental Artists, (SUNY Press) 
      
  2. Λ For a selection of books on the Land art of Andy Goldsworthy - Andy Goldsworthy, 1990, A Collaboration with Nature, (Abrams); Andy Goldsworthy, 1996, Wood, (Harry N. Abrams); Andy Goldsworthy, 2004, Hand to Earth, (Harry N. Abrams), Andy Goldsworthy, 2011, Stone, (Thames & Hudson) 
      
  3. Λ Lynne Cooke & Karen Kell (eds), 2005, Robert Smithson: Spiral Jetty, (University of California Press) 
      
  4. Λ Hamish Fulton
    (Accessed: 15 March 2014)
    www.thecornwallworkshop.com/hamish-fulton-walks 
      
  5. Λ For a selection of books on the Land art of Andy Goldsworthy - Andy Goldsworthy, 1990, A Collaboration with Nature, (Abrams); Andy Goldsworthy, 1996, Wood, (Harry N. Abrams); Andy Goldsworthy, 2004, Hand to Earth, (Harry N. Abrams), Andy Goldsworthy, 2011, Stone, (Thames & Hudson) 
      
  6. Λ Tim Adams, 11 March 2007, "Interview: Andy Goldsworthy - Natural Talent", The Observer (UK)
    (Accessed: 17 August 2013)
    www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2007/mar/11/art.features3 
      
  7. Λ For a Catalogue Raisonné- Jörg Schellmann (ed. ) & Matthias Koddenberg, 2013, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects 1963-2013, (Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz)
     
    Christo & Jean-Claude
    (Accessed: 1 March 2014)
    www.christojeanneclaude.net 
      
  8. Λ  Christo and Jeanne-Claude, 1995, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971-95. ( Cologne, Germany: Taschen), Photographs by Wolfgang Volz 
      
  9. Λ  CHRISTO & Jeanne-Claude - A MUSEO Interview by Pitchaya Sudbanthad and P.J. Haley (undated)
    (Accessed: 1 March 2014)
    web.duke.edu/museo/spring98/cj.htm 
      
  10. Λ Interview: Christo On the Freedom of Unnecessary Art
    Visual Arts. Feb 24, 2011 AT 9:11 AM – Front/ Row Blog
    (Accessed: 1 March 2014)
    frontrow.dmagazine.com/2011/02/interview-christo-on-the-freedom-of-unnecessary-art/ 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
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Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Christo 
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1973, Christo: Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1970-72, (New York: Abrams) [Photographs by Harry Shunk and Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1978, Christo: Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by Calvin Tomkins and David Bourdon. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz and Gianfranco Gorgoni] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1986, Christo: Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980-83, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by David Bourdon, Jonathan Fineberg and Janet Mulholland. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1990, Christo: The Pont Neuf Wrapped, Paris, 1975-85, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by David Bourdon and Bernard de Montgolfier. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1996, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971-95, (Taschen) [Picture notes by David Bourdon. Photographs by Wolfgang Vol] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 2004, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: On the Way to The Gates, (Yale University Press) [Preface by Philippe de Montebello. Text and interviews by Jonathan Fineberg. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 2005, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Gates, Central Park, New York City, 1979-2005, (Taschen) [Picture commentary by Jonathan Henery. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Goldberger, Paul, 2010, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: 75, (Taschen) [Text and interview by Paul Goldberger. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2011, Christo: The Paris Sculptures 1961, (Kettler) [Text by Matthias Koddenberg. Photographs by Jean-Dominique Lajoux] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2012, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Mastaba, Project for Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, (Taschen) [Text and interview by Matthias Koddenberg. Picture commentary by Jonathan Henery. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2013, Christo: Big Air Package, (Essen, Germany: Klartext) [Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Spies, Werner, 2010, Christo und Jeanne-Claude: Grenzverlegung der Utopie, (Berlin University Press) [Text by Werner Spies] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude; Schellmann, Jörg (ed.) & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2013, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects 1963-2013, (Hatje Cantz) [Catalogue Raisonné edited by Jörg Schellmann. Text by Matthias Koddenberg] [Δ
  
Christo & Jeanne-Claude 
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1973, Christo: Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1970-72, (New York: Abrams) [Photographs by Harry Shunk and Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1978, Christo: Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by Calvin Tomkins and David Bourdon. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz and Gianfranco Gorgoni] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1986, Christo: Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980-83, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by David Bourdon, Jonathan Fineberg and Janet Mulholland. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1990, Christo: The Pont Neuf Wrapped, Paris, 1975-85, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by David Bourdon and Bernard de Montgolfier. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1996, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971-95, (Taschen) [Picture notes by David Bourdon. Photographs by Wolfgang Vol] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 2004, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: On the Way to The Gates, (Yale University Press) [Preface by Philippe de Montebello. Text and interviews by Jonathan Fineberg. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 2005, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Gates, Central Park, New York City, 1979-2005, (Taschen) [Picture commentary by Jonathan Henery. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Goldberger, Paul, 2010, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: 75, (Taschen) [Text and interview by Paul Goldberger. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2011, Christo: The Paris Sculptures 1961, (Kettler) [Text by Matthias Koddenberg. Photographs by Jean-Dominique Lajoux] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2012, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Mastaba, Project for Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, (Taschen) [Text and interview by Matthias Koddenberg. Picture commentary by Jonathan Henery. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2013, Christo: Big Air Package, (Essen, Germany: Klartext) [Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Spies, Werner, 2010, Christo und Jeanne-Claude: Grenzverlegung der Utopie, (Berlin University Press) [Text by Werner Spies] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude; Schellmann, Jörg (ed.) & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2013, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects 1963-2013, (Hatje Cantz) [Catalogue Raisonné edited by Jörg Schellmann. Text by Matthias Koddenberg] [Δ
  
Andy Goldsworthy 
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 1990, A Collaboration with Nature, (Abrams) [Δ
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 1996, Wood, (Harry N. Abrams) [Δ
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 2004, Hand to Earth, (Harry N. Abrams) [Δ
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 2011, Stone, (Thames & Hudson) [Δ
  
Jeanne-Claude 
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1973, Christo: Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1970-72, (New York: Abrams) [Photographs by Harry Shunk and Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1978, Christo: Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by Calvin Tomkins and David Bourdon. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz and Gianfranco Gorgoni] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1986, Christo: Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980-83, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by David Bourdon, Jonathan Fineberg and Janet Mulholland. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1990, Christo: The Pont Neuf Wrapped, Paris, 1975-85, (New York: Abrams) [Texts by David Bourdon and Bernard de Montgolfier. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 1996, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971-95, (Taschen) [Picture notes by David Bourdon. Photographs by Wolfgang Vol] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 2004, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: On the Way to The Gates, (Yale University Press) [Preface by Philippe de Montebello. Text and interviews by Jonathan Fineberg. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo & Jean Claude, 2005, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Gates, Central Park, New York City, 1979-2005, (Taschen) [Picture commentary by Jonathan Henery. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Goldberger, Paul, 2010, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: 75, (Taschen) [Text and interview by Paul Goldberger. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2011, Christo: The Paris Sculptures 1961, (Kettler) [Text by Matthias Koddenberg. Photographs by Jean-Dominique Lajoux] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2012, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Mastaba, Project for Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, (Taschen) [Text and interview by Matthias Koddenberg. Picture commentary by Jonathan Henery. Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2013, Christo: Big Air Package, (Essen, Germany: Klartext) [Photographs by Wolfgang Volz] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude & Spies, Werner, 2010, Christo und Jeanne-Claude: Grenzverlegung der Utopie, (Berlin University Press) [Text by Werner Spies] [Δ
  
Christo; Jean Claude; Schellmann, Jörg (ed.) & Koddenberg, Matthias, 2013, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects 1963-2013, (Hatje Cantz) [Catalogue Raisonné edited by Jörg Schellmann. Text by Matthias Koddenberg] [Δ
  
Richard Long 
  
Long, Richard, 1998, Mirage, (Phaidon) isbn-10: 0714837792 [Δ
  
Roelstraete, Dieter, 2010, Richard Long: A Line Made by Walking, (London: Afterall Books) [Δ
  
Robert Smithson 
  
Bargellesi-Severi, Guglielmo, 1997, Robert Smithson: Slideworks, (Italy: Carlo Frua) [Δ
  
Cooke, Lynne (ed.) & Kell, Karen (ed.), 2005, Robert Smithson: Spiral Jetty, (University of California Press) isbn-13: 978-0520245549 [Δ
  
Tsai, Eugenie (ed.), 2004, Robert Smithson, (University of California Press) isbn-13: 978-0520244085 [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Keith Arnatt  (1930-) • John Baldessari  (1931-) • Christo  (1935-) • Christo & Jeanne-Claude • Christo & Jeanne-Claude • Jan Dibbets  (1941-) • Andy Goldsworthy  (1956-) • Jeanne-Claude  (1935-) • Richard Long  (1945-) • Edward Ruscha  (1937-) • Robert Smithson
HomeThemesArt > Land art 
 
A wider gazeRelated topics 
  
Environment 
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HomeVisual indexes > Land art

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailAndy Goldsworthy: Books 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailRichard Long: On-site sculptures 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
 
  
Refreshed: 25 March 2014, 22:40
 
  
 
  
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