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HomeContentsThemes > Railways

Contents

Introduction
526.01   The expansion and significance of railways in the nineteenth century
526.02   Railways and urban expabsion
France
526.03   Édouard Baldus: Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée (1860s)
526.04   Édouard Baldus: Les chemins de fer du Nord. Ligne de Paris à Boulogne. Vues photographiques
526.05   Construction du Chemin de Fer Metropolitan Municipal de Paris (1905-1910)
Portugal
526.06   Emilio Biel: Caminho de Ferro do Douro (ca. 1890)
USA
526.07   The importance of railroads in the development of the American West
526.08   Railways and the American Civil War (1861-1865)
526.09   Trains: Central Pacific Railroad
526.10   Alexander Gardner and others: Across the continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad
526.11   William Henry Jackson: Railways
526.12   Andrew J. Russell: The Great West Illustrated in a Series of Photographic Views Across the Continent, Taken Along the Line of the Union Pacific Railroad, West from Omaha, Nebraska
526.13   A.J. Russell: Golden Spike Ceremony, Promontory Point, Utah (10 May 1869)
526.14   Wyoming: Dale Creek Crossing (1868-1901)
526.15   Alfred Hart: First Construction Train passing the Palisades, Ten Mile Cañon
526.16   Purviance: Purviance's Views, Penn'a Central Rail Road
South America
526.17   Georges Poulet: Aurora Argentina (1890s)
Trains
526.18   Trains, railroads and railways
Photochroms
526.19   Photochroms: Railways
Railroad studios
526.20   Railroad photograph cars and studios on trains
526.21   J.B. Silvis: Photograph car
526.22   Backmarks for railroad photograph cars
Backmarks
526.23   Carte de visites: Backs: Transportation
Studio foregrounds and backgrounds
526.24   Studio backgrounds and foregrounds: Railways
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated. 
  
Status: Collect > Document > Analyse > Improve
 
  
Introduction 
  
526.01   Transportation >  The expansion and significance of railways in the nineteenth century 
  
The history of railways or railroads can be linked to significant events such as the Golden Spike Ceremony, Promontory Point, Utah (10 May 1869) in the USA[1], the opening of the railway station at Yokohama in Japan (1872) soon after it had opened up to Western influences in the 1850s, Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona) driving the last spike for the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) creating the first continuous route across Canada to British Columbia and the Pacific (7 November 1885), the completion of the Trans-Siberian (1916) across Russia. The boom in railways throughout the world encouraged commerce, enhanced mobility and led to the standardization of time zones.
 
The development of photography was in large part contemporary with the growth of the railways and there are numerous connections connections between the two.
Photography of civil engineering projects connected with railways - the bridges, tunnels, railway ferries, round houses, stations and the tracklaying.  
  
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Portraits of the survey leams and transient workers who worked on the construction.  
  
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Documentary photographs of the trains themselves.  
  
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The civil engineering necessitated by railway construction furthered science by revealing, and at the same time frequently destroying geological features, mineral deposits and archaeological sites.  
  
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Albums and series commissioned by the railroad companies to encourage investment or promote the lines.  
  
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The use of landscape photographs to encourage travel and increase business on the newly constructed railway lines.  
  
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Photographic studios on trains or at railway hotels to provide local views, take portraits of travelers, and provide souvenirs.  
  
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Photographers who documented how railways could be disrupted at times of war as a strategic move.  
  
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It was also the means of distributing the cameras, equipment and chemicals from the manufacturing companies to the supply houses and through the retailers to the photographers. The role of railways in the dissemination of ideas and the current technologies of photography through publications and the supporting paraphenalia and chemicals has not as yet been well studied. 
  
526.02   Transportation >  Railways and urban expabsion 
  
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France 
  
526.03   Transportation >  Édouard Baldus: Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée (1860s) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Édouard Baldus (1813-1889)[2] was one of the photographers selected in 1851 by the French government's Historic Monuments Commission to document the historically significant architecture of France in the Mission Héliographique.[3] In 1855 he was commissioned by Baron James de Rothschild, President of Chemin de Fer du Nord, to do a series on the railway as a gift for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.[4]
 
Between 1858 and 1862 the Paris-Lyon and Lyon-Méditerranée railway companies amalgamated to become the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée with lines in south-east France and a main line from Paris going through Dijon, Lyon and Marseille. Édouard Baldus had covered Lyon and the Roman archaeological sites in Orange, Nîmes and Arles for the Mission Héliographique so wWhen a photographic series documenting the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée was required Baldus was ideal and he returned to the region to photograph the localities, bridges and monuments that were significant along the railway.[5][6] 
  
526.04   Transportation >  Édouard Baldus: Les chemins de fer du Nord. Ligne de Paris à Boulogne. Vues photographiques 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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In 1855 Édouard Baldus who had worked as one of the five photographers on the Mission Héliographique.[7] was commissioned by Baron James de Rothschild, President of Chemin de Fer du Nord, to do a series on the railway as a gift for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert who were visiting France.[8][9] 
  
526.05   Transportation >  Construction du Chemin de Fer Metropolitan Municipal de Paris (1905-1910) 
  
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The ever-increasing need of urban growth were straining the transportation capacities of large cities through the nineteenth century. The railway companies had built lines between urban centers but within them there issue needed to be addressed. In 1883 the city of Paris decided to construct its own subway system to keep itself independent of the national railway system (Chemin de Fer de l'État ). "The Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris" was formed in 1899 to carry out the construction with the first line opening in 1900.[10] 
  
Portugal 
  
526.06   Transportation >  Emilio Biel: Caminho de Ferro do Douro (ca. 1890) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Albums documenting the construction of railways and their routes were often funded by the railway companies or their investors as a means of promoting commercial and passenger traffic and raising additional capital. This album from around 1890 showing the railway along the Douro Valley[11] in Portugal and consists of photographs by Emilio Biel who had photographed other civil engineering projects including the construction of the Ponte Maria Pia railway bridge built by Gustave Eiffel in Porto, Portugal (1876-1877).
 
The reasons why this album was created is uncertain but it fits within the tradition of photographic series completed by Édouard Baldus[12] in France for the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée in the 1860s. 
  
USA 
  
526.07   Transportation >  The importance of railroads in the development of the American West 
  
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By 1840, the United States had 2,818 miles of track but the awarding of land grants by the government from 1855 onwards encouraged speculation and by the start of the American Civil War in 1861 the network had extensive coverage particularly in the Eastern States with 30,000 miles of tracks. Railways were seen as one means of unifying a vast country at a time when it was being pulled apart by the Civil War and in 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act[13] which established the Union Pacific Railroad Company and authorized the building of the first transcontinental railroad. The rails of Central Pacific and Union Pacific meet at Promontory Point in Utah on 10 May 1869 for the driving of the golden spike only seven years later.[14] Through the 1880's an additional 70,000 miles were laid with the Northern Pacific completed going from Lake Superior to Seattle (Sept 1883), the Southern Pacific from San Francisco to El Paso and later on to New Orleans, the completion of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, and the Great Northern of "Empire Builder" James Jerome Hill cutting across the northern plains and the Rocky Mountains.[15]
 
The railroad barons were granted vast tracts of land, built cities and needed passengers and freight. Advertising and political lobbying were essential components of the strategy and regularly photographs were supplied to politicians to encourage development and protection of the wilderness. Photographers like Carleton Eugene Watkins on the Central Pacific, Alexander Gardner on the Kansas Pacific Railroad[16], William Henry Jackson[17], Andrew Joseph Russell[18] and John. B. Silvis[19] on the Union Pacific Railroad, William H. Rau[20] on the Lehigh Valley Railroad from 1895 onwards and Alfred Hart, documented construction, routes and landscapes[21]. Their photographs of Yosemite[22] by Carleton E. Watkins[23] and the photographs of William Henry Jackson and the paintings of Thomas Moran depicting the wonders of Yellowstone[24] prepared during the Hayden Expedition of 1871 may have been influential in promoting the protection of the wilderness.[25] 
  
526.08   Transportation >  Railways and the American Civil War (1861-1865) 
  
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Sherman's neckties - otherwise known at Sherman's hairpins or Sherman's bow ties - where named after Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army and were a method employed for destroying Confederate railroad infrastructure as a part of his scorched earth policy during the American Civil War.
 
Gerneral Sherman, Special Field Orders No.37, (July 18, 1864)
"...Keep every man of his command at work in destroying the railroad by tearing up track, burning the ties and iron, and twisting the bars when hot. Officers should be instructed that bars simply bent may be used again, but if when red hot they are twisted out of line they cannot be used again. Pile the ties into shape for a bonfire, put the rails across and when red hot in the middle, let a man at each end twist the bar so that its surface becomes spiral.”
Other devices for wrecking track employed large levers and A.J. Russell[26] photographed the use of these in his series Photographs illustrative of operations in construction and transportation, as used to facilitate the movements of the Armies of the Rappahannock, of Virginia, and of the Potomac ... (1863)[27] 
  
526.09   Transportation >  Trains: Central Pacific Railroad 
  
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526.10   Transportation >  Alexander Gardner and others: Across the continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The photographs of Alexander Gardner were produced in the portfolio Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad (Route of the 35th Parallel)[28] which consists of 125 plates from a survey made by the Kansas Pacific Railroad from Saint Louis to San Francisco, California in 1867 and 1868. They went through Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and into California. These are the first photographs known for many of these locations.
 
It is not clear exactly who took which photographs in this series as other photographers were involved including Dr. William A. Bell, William Redish Pywell, and Alexander Gardner's son, Lawrence as D. Mark Katz has pointed out:
"As official photographer for the expedition, Gardner was allowed to published all the expedition photographs under his name. In 1867 he stated in a deposition that although a photograph was identified on the mount as a 'Photograph by A. Gardner,' it simply meant that it was printed or copied in his gallery; he was not necessarily the photographer. The other photographers on the expedition were Dr. William A. Bell, William R. Pywell, and Gardner's son, Lawrence, who apprenticed on the expedition." [29]
 
  
526.11   Transportation >  William Henry Jackson: Railways 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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526.12   Transportation >  Andrew J. Russell: The Great West Illustrated in a Series of Photographic Views Across the Continent, Taken Along the Line of the Union Pacific Railroad, West from Omaha, Nebraska 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Andrew J. Russell documented the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad and in 1869 published a book on the project.[30] 
  
526.13   Transportation >  A.J. Russell: Golden Spike Ceremony, Promontory Point, Utah (10 May 1869) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The joining of the rails at Promontory Point in Utah on the 10 May 1869 had an immense significance in American history.[31] It was far more than the physical joining of pieces of track as the Central Pacific Railroad and Union Pacific Railroad lines met. The transcontinental railroad brought about the unification of the country with the first means of rapid transit from coast to coast which was a commercial boon. It also symbolized the healing of a single America after the ravages of the American Civil War (1861-1865).
 
Andrew J. Russell, who had been an army captain and photographed military railroad construction and destruction during the American Civil War, was the official photographer for the Union Pacific Railroad.[32] When the lines met at Promontory Point he was there to record the historic moment as the two trains, Union Pacific's "Engine 119" and Central Pacific's "Jupiter", drew close and the golden spike was driven home by Governor Leland Stanford
  
526.14   Transportation >  Wyoming: Dale Creek Crossing (1868-1901) 
  
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Photographers gravitate towards extraordinary feats of civil engineering and the railway bridge at the Dale Creek Crossing in Wyoming was definitely that. The top of the wooden trestle bridge for Union Pacific Railroad was 125 feet (38 m) above the valley floor. [33]
 
A number of photographers documented the vast trestle including Andrew J. Russell in 1864-1869, Charles Roscoe Savage in 1869, William Henry Jackson in around 1870 and the Jackson Brothers of Omaha, Nebraska. On the #192 Dale Creek Bridge which is in the "Scenery of the Union Pacific Railroad" series by the Jackson Brothers their dark tent is plainly visible in the lower part of the photograph. 
  
526.15   Transportation >  Alfred Hart: First Construction Train passing the Palisades, Ten Mile Cañon 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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526.16   Transportation >  Purviance: Purviance's Views, Penn'a Central Rail Road 
  
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South America 
  
526.17   Transportation >  Georges Poulet: Aurora Argentina (1890s) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Georges Poulet was a French engineer and the manager of Argentina’s Santa Fe Railroad Company. He photographed railway construction in Argentina in the early 1890s. His series Aurora Argentina, from Santa Fe to Tucuman consists of cyanotypes
  
Trains 
  
526.18   Transportation >  Trains, railroads and railways 
  
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Photochroms 
  
526.19   Transportation >  Photochroms: Railways 
  
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Railroad studios 
  
526.20   Transportation >  Railroad photograph cars and studios on trains 
  
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Specially fitted-out carriages contained mobile studios that traveled to the railroad towns and communities that were expanding along the lines. Carriages could be unhitched into a siding to carry out their business until it was exhausted and then continue to the next location. Railroad photographers advertised in local papers prior to their arrival and could distribute handbills and put up posters when they arrived. The arrival of the photograph car was a rarity to be remembered:
 
Mrs. Ida Breternizt recalled,
"The great thing we looked forward to...was the photograph car. It...stood on the side tracks where we went to have our pictures taken...I remember so well how we talked of it and planned what we would wear."[34]
In the American West life could be rough and there was an attempted robbery on the railroad car of John B. Silvis where the photographer chased the robbers and "emptied his revolver at them" until his feet became sore running on the rocks.[35] 
  
526.21   Transportation >  J.B. Silvis: Photograph car 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Photographer J.B. Silvis had a Photograph Car on the Union Pacific Railroad.[36] Examining the stereoview of his "Photograph Car" provides a number of details on the photographs he could provide.
 
Ferrotypes
Porcelains
Gems
 
"Stereoscopic & Landscape Views of Notable Points on Line of Pacific R.R. Always on Hand" 
  
526.22   Transportation >  Backmarks for railroad photograph cars 
  
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Backmarks 
  
526.23   Transportation >  Carte de visites: Backs: Transportation 
  
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Studio foregrounds and backgrounds 
  
526.24   Transportation >  Studio backgrounds and foregrounds: Railways 
  
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Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ David Howard Bain, 1999, Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad, (Viking); Stephen E. Ambrose, 2001, Nothing Like It In the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad 1863-1869, (Simon & Schuster). Golden Spike in Utah is a National Historic Site - www.nps.gov/gosp/index.htm 
      
  2. Λ He is also commonly referred to as "Edouard-Denis Baldus" but there is no trace of this name having been used during his lifetime. He was born "Eduard" and adopted the French spelling "Edouard" after moving to Paris. [Thanks to Malcolm Daniel for this information.] 
      
  3. Λ For the work of the "Mission Héliographique" - Anne de Mondenard, 2002, La Mission Héliographique: Cinq photographes parcourent la France en 1851, (Paris: Centre des Monuments Nationaux); Philippe Néagu, et al., 1980, La Mission Héliographique: Photographies de 1851, (Paris: Inspection Générale des Musées Classés et Contrôlés), [Exhibition catalogue]
     
    The photographers for the "Mission Héliographique" were Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Gustave Le Gray, Henri Le Secq and Auguste Mestral. 
      
  4. Λ The album "Chemin de Fer du Nord" is in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle (UK). 
      
  5. Λ Malcolm R. Daniel, 1994, The Photographs of Édouard Baldus, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; Montreal: Canadian Centre for Architecture) 
      
  6. Λ A full list of the plates in the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée by Édouard Baldus is requested - alan@luminous-lint.com 
      
  7. Λ For the work of the "Mission Héliographique" - Anne de Mondenard, 2002, La Mission Héliographique: Cinq photographes parcourent la France en 1851, (Paris: Centre des Monuments Nationaux); Philippe Néagu, et al., 1980, La Mission Héliographique: Photographies de 1851, (Paris: Inspection Générale des Musées Classés et Contrôlés), [Exhibition catalogue]
     
    The photographers for the "Mission Héliographique" were Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Gustave Le Gray, Henri Le Secq and Auguste Mestral. 
      
  8. Λ The album "Chemin de Fer du Nord" is in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle (UK). 
      
  9. Λ A full list of the plates in the Chemin de Fer du Nord by Édouard Baldus is requested - alan@luminous-lint.com 
      
  10. Λ Albums on the construction of the Chemin de fer métropolitain municipal de Paris
     
    Vol. 1: gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b1200063n
    Vol. 2: gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b1200061t
    Vol. 3: gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b1200068q 
      
  11. Λ The Douro Valley is the heart of the region where the grapes for the fortified wine Port are grown. It was photographed by one of the earliest photographers in Portugal - Joseph James Forrester (1809-1861) who drowned in the river. 
      
  12. Λ Malcolm R. Daniel, 1994, The Photographs of Édouard Baldus, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; Montreal: Canadian Centre for Architecture)
     
    He is commonly referred to as "Edouard-Denis Baldus" but there is no trace of this name having been used during his lifetime. He was born "Eduard" and adopted the French spelling "Edouard" after moving to Paris. [Thanks to Malcolm Daniel for this information.] 
      
  13. Λ "Thirty-Seventh Congress, Sess. II, Chap. CXX. - An Act to aid in the Construction of a Railroad and Telegraph Line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, and to secure to the Government the Use of the same for Postal, Military, and Other Purposes" (July 1, 1862) The full text of the "Pacific Railway Act" is online - The Library of Congress, Primary Documents in American History, www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/PacificRail.html 
      
  14. Λ David Howard Bain, 1999, Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad, (Viking); Stephen E. Ambrose, 2001, Nothing Like It In the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad 1863-1869, (Simon & Schuster). Golden Spike in Utah is a National Historic Site - www.nps.gov/gosp/index.htm 
      
  15. Λ Michael P. Malone, 1996, James J. Hill: Empire Builder of the Northwest, (University of Oklahoma Press) 
      
  16. Λ Alexander Gardner, 1869 (ca), Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad (Route of the 35th Parallel) 
      
  17. Λ For a personal account see Jackson's autobiography: William Henry Jackson, 1986, Time Exposure: The Autobiography of William Henry Jackson, (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press). Useful material included also in William C. Jones, 1992, William Henry Jackson's Colorado, (Colorado Railroad Museum); Peter B. Hales, 1988, William Henry Jackson and the Transformation of the American Landscape, (Philadelphia: Temple University Press) 
      
  18. Λ Andrew Joseph Russell, 1869, The Great West Illustrated in a Series of Photographic Views Across the Continent; Taken Along the Line of the Union Pacific Railroad, West From Omaha, Nebraska, (New York, Union Pacific Railroad Company). A collection of of 650 10 x 13 inch glass plate negatives taken by Andrew J. Russell of his work on the Union Pacific Railroad are now in the Oakland Museum, Oakland, California. 
      
  19. Λ Barry A. Swackhamer, April 1994, "J. B. Silvis, the Union Pacific‘s Nomadic Photographer" Journal of the West, vol. 33, no. 2; For John B. Silvis assisting an expedition to photograph a solar eclipse see: George F. Barker "On the Total Solar Eclipse of July 29th, 1878" [Read before the American Philosophical Society, Nov. 15th, 1878], pp. 103-114 ,Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Knowledge, vol. XVIII, July 1878 to March 1880, p. 104. 
      
  20. Λ William H. Rau, 1916, June, ‘How I Photograph Railroad-Scenery‘, Photo-Era, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 261-265; John C. Van Horne, (ed.), 2002, Traveling the Pennsylvania Railroad: The Photographs of William H. Rau, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press) 
      
  21. Λ Mead B. Kibbey & Peter E. Palmquist (ed.), 1995, The Railroad Photographs of Alfred A. Hart, Artist, (Sacramento, CA.: The California State Library Foundation) 
      
  22. Λ President Lincoln with 38th United States Congress, Session 1, 1864 ceded Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove of Giant Sequoia to the State of California.
     
    Yosemite National Park was established 1 October 1890 and as there was no National Parks Service at the time it was under the jurisdiction of the United States Army's Troop I of the 4th Cavalry from 19 May 1891. 
      
  23. Λ Weston Naef, 2009, Carleton Watkins in Yosemite, (J. Paul Getty Museum) 
      
  24. Λ Established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 17, Chap. 24, pp. 32–33. "An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park." 
      
  25. Λ With thanks to Anne Peterson, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University for her contributions on this topic. 
      
  26. Λ For Andrew Joseph Russell during the American Civil War - Andrew J. Russell, 1982, Russell's Civil War Photographs, (Dover Publications); Susan E. Williams, 2002, ‘Richmond Again Taken: Reappraising the Brady Legend through Photographs by A. J. Russell‘, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 437-460 
      
  27. Λ Library of Congress, Call Number: LOT 9209 (H) (M) [P&P], www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2004668756/ - Andrew J. Russell, [Photographs illustrative of operations in construction and transportation, as used to facilitate the movements of the Armies of the Rappahannock, of Virginia, and of the Potomac ...] / United States Military Railway Department.
    Photographs show Civil War military construction and transportation in Northern Virginia and elsewhere. Includes bridges, arks, and barges under construction; barges loaded with railway cars; tracks under construction; experimental means of crossing water; railway construction workers. Many views made in the Washington area, and in Alexandria, Virginia. Includes photographs of a shed at a carpenter shop in Alexandria, where the Construction Corps built portable bridge trusses; soldiers and crew members crossing the Potomac in rubber "blanket boat" rafts. Includes many photographs of black laborers.
     
      
  28. Λ Alexander Gardner, 1869 (ca), Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad (Route of the 35th Parallel). There is a copy of this portfolio in Boston Public Library, Print Department. 
      
  29. Λ D. Mark Katz, 1991, Witness to an era: the life and photographs of Alexander Gardner: the Civil War, Lincoln, and the West, (Nashville, Tennessee: Rutledge Hill), p. 220 
      
  30. Λ Andrew J. Russell, 1869, The Great West Illustrated in a Series of Photographic Views Across the Continent, Taken Along the Line of the Union Pacific Railroad, West from Omaha, Nebraska, (New York: [by D. H. Prime] Published by Authority of the Union Pacific Railroad Company), Volume I [all published]. 
      
  31. Λ David Howard Bain, 1999, Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad, (Viking); Stephen E. Ambrose, 2001, Nothing Like It In the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad 1863-1869, (Simon & Schuster).
     
    Golden Spike in Utah is a National Historic Site
    www.nps.gov/gosp/index.htm 
      
  32. Λ Andrew Joseph Russell, 1869, The Great West Illustrated in a Series of Photographic Views Across the Continent; Taken Along the Line of the Union Pacific Railroad, West From Omaha, Nebraska, (New York, Union Pacific Railroad Company). A collection of of 650 10 x 13 inch glass plate negatives taken by Andrew J. Russell of his work on the Union Pacific Railroad are now in the Oakland Museum, Oakland, California. 
      
  33. Λ Dale Creek Crossing - Wikipedia
    (Accessed: 27 August 2013)
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dale_Creek_Crossing 
      
  34. Λ "First Girl Born in NP Awaited Photo Car," Telegraph-Bulletin, 17 Sept. 1973. Reprint of a 1939 interview, cited in Barry A. Swackhamer, April 1994, "J. B. Silvis, the Union Pacific‘s Nomadic Photographer", Journal of the West, vol. 33, no. 2 
      
  35. Λ The attempted robbery was reported in the Evanston Chieftan, reprinted in the Waterloo Weekly Gazette (26 August 1881) and cited in Barry A. Swackhamer, April 1994, "J. B. Silvis, the Union Pacific‘s Nomadic Photographer", Journal of the West, vol. 33, no. 2 
      
  36. Λ Barry A. Swackhamer "J. B. Silvis, the Union Pacific‘s Nomadic Photographer" Journal of the West, vol. 33, no. 2; April 1994 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
  
General reading 
  
Lyden, Anne M., 2003, Railroad Vision: Photography, Travel, and Perception, (J. Paul Getty Museum) isbn-10: 0892367261 isbn-13: 978-0892367269 [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
John Cooke Bourne 
  
Hannavy, John, 2004, Winter, ‘John Cooke Bourne, Charles Blacker Vignoles and the Dnieper Suspension Bridge‘, History of Photography, vol. 28, pp. 334-347 [Δ
  
Father Browne 
  
O'Donnell, E.E., 2005, Father Browne's Trains and Railways, (Currach Press) isbn-10: 1856079163 isbn-13: 978-1856079167 [Δ
  
Alexander Gardner 
  
Gardner, Alexander, 1869 (ca), Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad (Route of the 35th Parallel) [Δ
  
Alfred Hart 
  
Kibbey, Mead B. & Palmquist, Peter E. (ed.), 1995, The Railroad Photographs of Alfred A. Hart, Artist, (Sacramento, CA.: The California State Library Foundation) isbn-10: 092972285X [Δ
  
William Henry Jackson 
  
Hales, Peter B., 1988, William Henry Jackson and the Transformation of the American Landscape, (Philadelphia: Temple University Press) [Δ
  
Jackson, William Henry, 1986, Time Exposure: The Autobiography of William Henry Jackson, (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press) [Introduction by Ferenc M. Szasz] [Δ
  
Darius Kinsey 
  
Bohn, Dave & Petschek, Rodolfo, 2006, Kinsey Photographer: The Locomotive Portraits, (Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers) isbn-10: 1884822657 isbn-13: 978-1884822650 [Δ
  
O. Winston Link 
  
Link, O. Winston, 1957, "Night Trick" on the Norfolk and Western Railway, (Roanoke, Virginia: Norfolk and Western Railway) [Δ
  
Link, O.W., 1987, Steam, Steel & Stars: America’s Last Steam Railroad, (New York: Harry N. Abrams) [With T. Hensley] [Δ
  
Link, O.W., 1995, The Last Steam Railroad in America: From Tidewater to Whitetop, (New York: Harry N. Abrams) [With T. Garver] [Δ
  
Georges Poulet 
  
Poulet, Georges, 2005, Georges Poulet: Aurora Argentina Cyanotypes 1890-1894, (Walther Konig) isbn-13: 978-3883759326 [Δ
  
William H. Rau 
  
Rau, William H., 1916, June, ‘How I Photograph Railroad-Scenery‘, Photo-Era, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 261-265 [Δ
  
Van Horne, John C. (ed.), 2002, Traveling the Pennsylvania Railroad: The Photographs of William H. Rau, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press) isbn-10: 0812236254 isbn-13: 978-0812236255 [Δ
  
Anton Rohrbach 
  
Junevicius, Dainius, 2013, Antalis Rohrbachas 1861 m. fotografijos, (Vilnius: Versus Aureus) isbn-13: 978-9955344049 [Δ
  
A.J. Russell 
  
Hayden, Ferdinand, 1870, Sun pictures of Rocky Mountain scenery, with a description of the geographical and geological features, and some account of the resources of the great West; containing thirty photographic views along the line of the Pacific rail road, from Omaha to Sacramento, (New York: J. Bien) [Includes 30 mounted albumen prints by A.J. Russell] [Δ
  
Russell, Andrew Joseph, 1869, The Great West Illustrated in a Series of Photographic Views Across the Continent; Taken Along the Line of the Union Pacific Railroad, West From Omaha, Nebraska, (New York, Union Pacific Railroad Company) [Δ
  
J.B. Silvis 
  
Swackhamer, Barry A., 1994, April, ‘J. B. Silvis, the Union Pacific‘s Nomadic Photographer‘, Journal of the West, vol. 33, no. 2 [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
William Atkinson • Édouard Baldus  (1813-1889) • Emilio Biel  (1838-1915) • John Cooke Bourne  (check) • Father Browne  (1880-1960) • John Carbutt • Evelyn George Carey • Olive Edis  (1876-1955) • Marc Ferrez  (1843-1923) • Alexander Gardner  (1821-1882) • P.F. Gomes  (check) • Alfred Hart  (1816-1908) • F. Jay Haynes  (1853-1921) • William Henry Jackson  (1843-1942) • J. Payne Jennings  (check) • O. Winston Link  (1914-2001) • Frank Bird Masters  (1873-1955) • William McFarlane Notman  (1858-1913) • Charles Page  (1946-) • Georges Poulet  (1848-1936) • William H. Rau  (1855-1920) • Anton Rohrbach  (1825-1889) • A.J. Russell  (1830-1902) • Sherer, Nabgolts & Co. • Carleton E. Watkins  (1829-1916) • William D. Young
HomeThemesTransportationLand transportation > Railways 
 
A wider gazeRelated topics 
  
Civil engineering 
Railroad photograph cars and studios on trains 
 
  

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Railways

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
ThumbnailDocumentary: Les Travaux Publics de la France (1878-1882) 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (January 8, 2011)
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > Railways

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailA.J. Russell: Apparatus for track wrecking 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailA.J. Russell: Golden Spike Ceremony, Promontory Point, Utah 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailA.J. Russell: Photographs illustrative of operations in construction and transportation - With mounts 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailA.J. Russell: Photographs illustrative of operations in construction and transportation - Without mounts 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailA.J. Russell: Photographs taken during construction of the Union Pacific Railroad 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAlexander Gardner and others: Across the continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAlfred Hart: First Construction Train passing the Palisades, Ten Mile Cañon 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailCarleton E. Watkins: Railroad Ferry "Solano" with Watkin's Photo Wagon 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailClaude-Marie Ferrier: The train station at Fontainebleau (1855-1856) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailDmitry Ermakov: Railways and trains 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailÉdouard Baldus: Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailÉdouard Baldus: Les chemins de fer du Nord. Ligne de Paris à Boulogne. Vues photographiques 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailEmilio Biel: Caminho de Ferro do Douro (ca. 1890) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailF. Jay Haynes: 365. W.E. Party Crystal Springs. 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailGeorges Poulet: Aurora Argentina (1890s) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJ. Payne Jennings: Book covers 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJ.B. Silvis: Photograph car 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJames Mudd: Trains 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailKilburn Brothers: No. 653. Wood Train, Mt. Washington Railway 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailPurviance: Purviance's Views, Penn'a Central Rail Road 
ThumbnailWilliam Henry Jackson: Mexico 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam Henry Jackson: Railways 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
 
  
   Connections 
  
ThumbnailA.J. Russell - George N. Barnard 
ThumbnailAlfred Stieglitz - A.H. Blake 
ThumbnailArkadii Shaikhet - Robert Yarnall Ritchie 
ThumbnailC.R. Savage - William Henry Jackson 
ThumbnailHorace Bristol - Jack Delano 
ThumbnailPlatt D. Babbitt - Southworth and Hawes 
 
  
   Themes 
  
ThumbnailArchitecture: Train stations 
ThumbnailDocumentary: Train wrecks 
ThumbnailTransportation: Trains, railroads and railways 
ThumbnailTransportation: Trains: Central Pacific Railroad 
 
  
   Techniques 
  
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Photograph cars 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Transportation 
 
  
   Private collections 
  
ThumbnailCollection Laddy Kite: Transportation 
 
 
  
   Still thinking about these... 
  
ThumbnailConstruction du Chemin de Fer Métropolitan Municipal de Paris 
ThumbnailGolden Spike Ceremony, Promontory Point, Utah (10 May 1869) 
ThumbnailWyoming: Dale Creek Crossing (1868-1901) 
 
 
  
 
  
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