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HomeContentsThemes > Nature

Contents

Introduction
5.01   Introduction to nature photography
5.02   Themes within nature
5.03   Dioramas in Natural History Museums
Typologies
5.04   John Edward Saché: Studies of Indian insects
Photographers
5.05   Eliot Porter: Colour
5.06   Joseph Holmes: amnh (American Museum of Natural History)
Contemporary
5.07   Contemporary examples of nature photography
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated. 
  
Status: Collect > Document > Analyse > Improve
 
  
Introduction 
  
5.01   Nature >  Introduction to nature photography 
  
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Slideshow (Be patient as this has 23 slides to load.) 
  
To start with it is easier if we divide the enormous subject of nature photography down into a number of distinct but overlapping categories and this has been done here. Before you go to them it is worth examining how the photography of the natural world has changed since the early days of photography. Any discussion on a topic as complex as this is going to be simplistic but here are some of the key points. Photography of the natural world can be split into multiple groups of photographers:
  • Amateurs who want to record a scene, animal or plant that they have seen.
     
  • Naturalists who take a scientific approach to cataloguing their observations and specimens.
     
  • Artists who seek out the essential beauty of nature and often enhance it in a studio.
From 1840 to about 1860 the long exposures meant that animals other than man and dogs tended not to be photographed. There are exceptions to this but in the main it holds true. Plants are more static and algae, leaves, flowers and grasses were all recorded early on by amateur and professional botanists like Anna Atkins (1799-1871)[1] and Franz Antoine (1815-1886). Still life studies of flowers, fruits and vegetables were ideally suited to the available technologies and the sensibilities of the age and Roger Fenton[2], Charles Hippolyte Aubry and many others did these.  
  
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Anna Atkins: Photographs of British Algae 
  
 
  
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Anna Atkins: Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns 
  
 
  
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Roger Fenton:Still lives 
  
The struggles in the late nineteenth century to get photography accepted as an art form led many photographers to pictorialism which selected subjects and used soft lenses, chemical processes and toning agents to make the natural world look like a painting.
 
Following the First World War some photographers, such as Paul Strand, saw that it was pointless turning the natural world into the semblance of a painting and it would be preferable to show it as it actually is. Here pin sharp gelatin-silver prints became the highest level of achievement and we enter the fine art worlds of Edward Weston[3] and Ansel Adams.[4] At the same time high quality wildlife color photography done on location was still in its infancy and it was people like Ylla (1911-1955)[5] with her book Animals of Africa in the early 1950's that started to change this. Later on photographer Eliot Porter (1901-1990)[6], filmmaker Hugo Van Lawick[7] and the television programs narrated by David Attenborough[8] had an influence on how we saw nature and it was no longer the noble lion sitting on a limestone kopje but a pack of hyenas pulling an antelope apart. In a book like Serengeti by Mitsuaki Iwago our cuddly view of nature is challenged and when Jane Goodall recorded that chimpanzees are cannibalistic[9] all our illusions of a natural Eden are gone.
 
If we now look at those three groups of people mentioned earlier they all still exist but they have morphed. The amateurs are still there with far better cameras and lenses, the fine artists need to do more that simply take a beautiful flowers although many still do that. The naturalists in universities and research institutes now have access to better equipment and facilities than almost all artists and produce images on a daily basis that are simply stunning but rarely seen in galleries. There are so many naturalists with photographic skills that they can make a living dedicated to photographing a particular genera or species. This means the artists have to produce images that are more edgy in what they take and that is what is happening. An alternative strategy is to revert to using nineteenth century photographic techniques and processes in a imitative search for originality. 
  
5.02   Nature >  Themes within nature 
  
Within nature there are multiple themes to explore.
 
Fauna / Animal Kingdom
Animals
Birds
Fish
Insects
Domesticated animals
Pets
Zoos
Mythical animals
Flora / Plant kingdom
Flowers
Trees
Fruits
Vegetables
Weather
Clouds
Lightning
Tornadoes
Typhoons
Landscape
Agricultural and pastoral
Beaches
Cityscapes - Urban
Cliffs
Deserts and dunes
Fantasy
Forests
Horizon
Ice and snow
Lakes, ponds, mers, reed beds and lagoons
Mountains
Rivers and streams
Rural pathways, tracks, trails and lanes
Sea
Water and waterfalls
Scientific
Astronomy
Botany
Geology
Palaeontology
Photomicroscopy
 
  
5.03   Nature >  Dioramas in Natural History Museums 
  
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Slideshow 
  
Dioramas showing scenes from the natural world combining painted backgrounds, taxidermy and model have been used in museums since the nineteenth century. The American Museum of Natural History in New York has used them extensively creating worlds where antelopes such as gemsbok stand in the arid regions of southern Africa and the bongo roam the forests.[10] From the earliest days of photography stuffed animals were placed by John Dillwyn Llewelyn in natural settings and truth was waved over the educational and artistic possibilities.[11]
 
Contemporary photographer Hiroshi Sugimoto[12] has continued to explore dioramas and on his website he includes a series for which he provides the following background.
Upon first arriving in New York in 1974, I did the tourist thing. Eventually I visited the Natural History Museum, where I made a curious discovery: the stuffed animals positioned before painted backdrops looked utterly fake, yet by taking a quick peek with one eye closed, all perspective vanished, and suddenly they looked very real. I'd found a way to see the world as a camera does. However fake the subject, once photographed, it's as good as real.[13]
 
  
Typologies 
  
5.04   Nature >  John Edward Saché: Studies of Indian insects 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Slideshow 
  
John Edward Saché[14] was a photographer active in northern India from 1864 to the 1880s. In the 1870s he made a series of photographic studies of Indian insects
  
Photographers 
  
5.05   Nature >  Eliot Porter: Colour 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Slideshow 
  
Eliot Porter (1901-1990)[15] graduated from Harvard Medical School (1929) and had a lifelong interest in ornithology and photographing the natural world. His photographs were shown in New York at the Delphic Studios gallery in 1936[16] and in Alfred Stieglitz's gallery, An American Place, in December 1938.
 
Porter, with his knowledge of chemistry, was unusual in his early acceptance of colour in the 1940s using the dye transfer process for which he was admirably suited having a degree in chemical engineering.[17] His colour photographs and books are an homage to birds[18] and nature and his abstract Foxtail Grass (1957) and Maple Leaves and Pine Needles (1956) are about the beauty of form in natural settings and this distinguishes them from the earlier studio-based stylized typologies of Karl Blossfeldt.[19]
 
Porter's photography, inspired by the writings of Thoreau,[20] is a manifestation of his desire to document the diversity of wilderness areas[21]. This means that his photographs are frequently seen as conservationist[22] but in his Preface to Intimate Landscapes (1979) which accompanied an exhibition of fifty-five of his color photographs taken between 1952 and 1977 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art[23] he disagreed with this view.
I do not photograph for ulterior purposes, I photograph for the thing itself - for the photograph - without consideration of how it may be used. Some critics suggest that I make photographs primarily to promote conservation, but this allegation is far from the truth. Although my photographs may be used in this way, it is incidental to my original motive for taking them, which is first of all for personal aesthetic satisfaction.[24]
Having said this his photographs were often visual equivalents of passages in Thoreau. He concluded his preface with:
Utimately, to be successful as a work of art, a photograph must be both pleasing and convincing. It must not leave the viewer in doubt about the validity of its subject, whether representational or imaginary. Every part must contribute to the unity of the image from corner to corner - no discordant note should be permitted.[25]
It may be that this rather exclusive view of what art is may have affected his wider acceptance within the world of 1970s and 80s art criticism. The work of Eliot Porter can be pigeon-holed into nature photography and as such it is a study of the sublime but this may well be missing the point as to why his work is significant. We need to separate his creative process from the subject of his photographs to reassess the significance of his work.[26] 
  
5.06   Nature >  Joseph Holmes: amnh (American Museum of Natural History) 
  
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Slideshow 
  
Stalking takes place when a person pursues game, prey or a person in a stealthy manner. In animal hunting it is the skill of the silent approach, paying attention to wind, scents and noise to get as close as possible to not scare it prior to capture or death. The animals in museum dioramas[27] were most likely obtained through stalking or captive breeding. Street photography is a form of stalking but what happens when it is taken indoors? Joseph O. Holmes shot two series within the American Museum of Natural History[28] - the amnh series in 2005 and the LCD series in 2008. The amnh showed pitch black silhouettes of visitors to the museum in front of animal dioramas - this series was essentially, as Joseph Holmes described it, was "a sort of off-the-street photography".
The project carried me from sunlight into museum darkness, from rapid-fire to a zen-like slow motion, and forced me to rethink the whole process of stalking strangers.[29]
In his writings Joseph O. Holmes concentrates on the street photography aspects of his work rather than what his photographs say about man's changing relationships with nature. The silhouette[30] is a representation of a human form rendered in two dimensions. Animals is a zoo may be alive but their removal from natural habitat is a separation from the real. Stuffed animals in museums are a representation of the real but separated by their own mortality. Each of these represents nature but is removed from it.
 
For the 2008-2009 LCD series Joseph O. Holmes returned to the American Museum of Natural History to stalk again but this time he focused on the screens of cameras of visitors. The visitors remain in silhouette and we see their hands holding cameras or camera phones - the bright screens are in focus but the dioramas they are photographing are a blur of colours emphasizing once again the increasing separaation between people and nature
  
Contemporary 
  
5.07   Nature >  Contemporary examples of nature photography 
  
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Slideshow (Be patient as this has 70 slides to load.) 
  
The theme of nature is a significant part of contemporary photography and it continues to provide knowledge for scientists and inspiration for artists. Each plant type or animal species has its own photographers who work on taxonomic and genetic studies and these feed across into the world of fine art photography.  
  
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Aerial views 
  
Photographers can view the natural world as a place of wonders, as in the photographs of Eliot Porter[31] and Robert Glen Ketchum,[32] or through the lens of environmental activism or documentary awareness with photographers including Lewis Baltz,[33] Edward Burtynsky[34] and David Maisel.[35] As soon as the human race started clearing land or engaging in agriculture nature was consciously transformed. When railways crossed the American West new vistas were opened up to travellers but the recording of tracks cutting across a landscape is a statement about the taming of nature with the underlying assumption of human progress. Contemporary photographers since the rise of ecological consciousness have had a more nuanced understanding of how humanity has altered or improved nature.  
  
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The natural world 
  
 
  
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Animals 
  
 
  
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Birds 
  
 
  
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Insects 
  
 
  
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Crustaceans 
  
 
  
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Fish and the aquatic world 
  
 
  
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Taxonomic studies 
  
 
  
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Flowers 
  
 
  
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Photomicrosopy 
  
 
  
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Imaging 
  
 
  
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Zoos 
  
 
  
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Dioramas 
  
There are multiple ways of viewing nature and apart from the scientific rationale for taking images many photographers have used them as an inspiration for art. Some of these photographs work on the level of the beauty of the object displayed and this is how Cy Decosse or Ron van Dongen[36] photograph flowers whilst others look for deeper meaning in complex fabricated realities, collages and photomontage.  
  
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Nature as fine art 
  
 
  
 
  

Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ For Anna Atkins her books of cyanotypes include - Anna Atkins, 1843-1854, Photographs of British algae: cyanotype impressions, (Sevenoaks) [Private publication]; Anna Atkins, 1854, Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Flowering Plants and Ferns, (Private publication). For a scholarly analysis - Larry J. Schaaf (ed.), 1985, Sun Gardens: Victorian Photograms by Anna Atkins, (New York: Aperture) 
      
  2. Λ Roger Fenton is the best known of Crimean War photographers and there is a considerable amount written about him - Gordon Baldwin et al., 2004, All the Mighty World: The Photographs of Roger Fenton, 1852–1860, (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art); Helmut & Alison Gernsheim, 1954, Roger Fenton: Photographer of the Crimean War, (London: Secker & Warburg); John Hannavy, 1975, Fenton of Crimble Hall, (Boston: David R. Godine); Valerie Lloyd, 1988, Roger Fenton: Photographer of the 1850s, (London: South Bank Board); Richard Pare, 1987, Roger Fenton, (New York: Aperture).
     
    For a rephotographic study - David R. Jones, 2012, In the Footsteps of Roger Fenton, Crimean War Photographer, (www.lulu.com: self-published) 
      
  3. Λ Charis Wilson & Edward Weston, 1940, California and the West, (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce); Edward Weston, 1947, Fifty Photographs, (New York: Duell Sloan & Pearce Publishers); Edward Weston, 1950, My Camera on Point Lobos, (Yosemite National Park, CA: Virginia Adams; Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.); Edward Weston & Brett Weston, 2003, Dune, (Wild Horse Island Press)
     
    To better understand the thinking of Edward Weston his Daybooks are the best source - Nancy Newhall (ed.), 1973, The Daybooks of Edward Weston: Volume 1, Mexico, (Millerton, NY: Aperture); Nancy Newhall, (ed.), 1973, The Daybooks of Edward Weston: Volume 2, California, (Millerton, NY: Aperture). The immortality of any photographer is strongly linked to having a good editor and a biographer - Nancy Newhall had that ability. 
      
  4. Λ Ansel Adams, 1981, Ansel Adams: Images, 1923–1974, (Boston: New York Graphic Society); Nancy Newhall, 1963, Ansel Adams: The Eloquent Light, (San Francisco: Sierra Club); Andrea G. Stillman, 2012, Looking at Ansel Adams: The Photographs and the Man, (Little, Brown and Company) 
      
  5. Λ Ylla, 1953, Animals of Africa, (New York: Harper & Brothers; London: Harvill Press; Paris: Delpire/Revue Neuf; Hamburg: Christian Wegner) [Introduction by L.S.B. Leakey.]; Ylla, 1958, Animals in India (Lausanne: La Guilde du Livre/Clairefontaine; New York: Harper & Brothers); 1983, Ylla (Chalon-sur-Saône: Musée Nicéphore Niépce) 
      
  6. Λ Eliot Porter, 1966, The Place No One Knew: Glen Canyon on the Colorado, (San Francisco: Sierra Club) [David Brower (ed.)]; Eliot Porter, 1979, Intimate Landscapes: Photographs by Eliot Porter, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art) [Essay by Weston J. Naef], Eliot Porter, 1987, Eliot Porter, (Boston: Little, Brown) 
      
  7. Λ Hugo van Lawick - Wikipedia
    (Accessed: 27 July 2013)
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_van_Lawick 
      
  8. Λ David Attenborough has been the voice and face of so many natural history programmes including "Life on Earth", "Natural World", "The Blue Planet", "Planet Earth" and many others combining the highest quality film footage with an authoritative soundtrack. Combined they have provided the gold standard for documenting and informing the public about the world.
    (Accessed: 27 July 2013)
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Attenborough 
      
  9. Λ Jane Goodall, 1977, "Infant killing and cannibalism in free-living chimpanzees", Folia Primatol (Basel), vol. 28 no. 4, pp. 259-89 
      
  10. Λ Stephen Christopher Quinn, 2006, Windows on Nature: The Great Habitat Dioramas of the American Museum of Natural History, (Harry N. Abrams) 
      
  11. Λ Noel Chanan, 2013, The Photographer of Penllergare: A Life of John Dillwyn Llewelyn 1810-1882, (Impress) 
      
  12. Λ Randy Kelly, 8 October 2012, "‘Fossilizing’ With a Camera", The New York Times, Art & Design
    (Accessed: 10 May 2014)
    www.nytimes.com/2012/10/09/arts/design/hiroshi-sugimoto-at-the-american-museum-of-natural-history.html 
      
  13. Λ Hiroshi Sugimoto - Dioramas
    (Accessed: 10 May 2014)
    www.sugimotohiroshi.com/diorama.html 
      
  14. Λ Hugh Rayner, 2012, John Saché: A Photographer in British India 1864 -1882, (Pagoda Tree Press) 
      
  15. Λ Eliot Porter, 1966, The Place No One Knew: Glen Canyon on the Colorado, (San Francisco: Sierra Club) [David Brower (ed.)]; Eliot Porter, 1979, Intimate Landscapes: Photographs by Eliot Porter, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art) [Afterword by Weston J. Naef], Eliot Porter, 1987, Eliot Porter, (Boston: Little, Brown) 
      
  16. Λ 24 February - 8 March 1938, Delphic Studios gallery showed thirty-seven prints. 
      
  17. Λ Eliot Porter was influented in taking up colour by Paul Outerbridge - Paul Outerbridge Jr., 1940, Photographing in Color, (Random House) 
      
  18. Λ Eliot Porter was both a keen birdwatcher and a photographer of birds using flash equipment he had devised. From March 9 - April 18 1943 some of his bird photographs were shown at The Museum of Modern Art, New York. The prints were selected by Nancy Newhall, who was the curator of photographs at The Museum of Modern Art when her husband Beaumont Newhall was doing his military service. 
      
  19. Λ Karl Blossfeldt, 1929, Urformen der Kunst, (Berlin: Verlag Ernst Wasmuth A.G.) [Second German edition]; Karl Blossfeldt, 1998, Natural Art Forms: 120 Classic Photographs, (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications). The photographs of Karl Blossfeldt have continued popularity and nemerous editions of his books and selections from his work have been published. 
      
  20. Λ Eliot Porter's first book - 1962, In Wilderness Is the Preservation of the World took it's title from a quotation by Henry David Thoreau in his lecture / essay "Walking" published in the June 1862 issue of the Atlantic Monthly
      
  21. Λ Eliot Porter's book of Glen Canyon documented the place before it was flooded by the U.S. Corp of Engineers for a dam project - Eliot Porter, 1966, The Place No One Knew: Glen Canyon on the Colorado, (San Francisco: Sierra Club) [David Brower (ed.)] 
      
  22. Λ His close relationship with the Sierra Club, who published his books in the 1960s, and his work on Glen Canyon have provided evidence to view Eliot Porter as a consewrvationist. 
      
  23. Λ The exhibition "Intimate Landscapes" ran from 14 November 1979 - 20 January 1980. It was the first one-man exhibition of colour photographs at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
    The full catalogue is available online
    (Accessed: 7 June 2014)
    www.metmuseum.org/research/metpublications/Intimate_Landscapes_Photographs 
      
  24. Λ Eliot Porter, 1979, Intimate Landscapes: Photographs by Eliot Porter, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art) [Afterword by Weston J. Naef], Preface, p. 11 
      
  25. Λ Eliot Porter, 1979, Intimate Landscapes: Photographs by Eliot Porter, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art) [Afterword by Weston J. Naef], Preface, p. 12 
      
  26. Λ Thanks to David Travis, former curator at the Art Institute of Chicago, who in a Facebook exchange on 7 June 2014 encouraged me to rethink the work of Eliot Porter. 
      
  27. Λ Stephen Christopher Quinn, 2006, Windows on Nature: The Great Habitat Dioramas of the American Museum of Natural History, (Harry N. Abrams) 
      
  28. Λ American Museum of Natural History
    (Accessed: 17 August 2014)
    www.amnh.org 
      
  29. Λ Joseph O. Holmes
    (Accessed: 17 August 2014)
    www.josephholmes.io 
      
  30. Λ Emma Rutherford, 2009, Silhouette: The Art of the Shadow, (Rizzoli) 
      
  31. Λ Eliot Porter's exhibition "Intimate Landscapes" ran from 14 November 1979 - 20 January 1980 and was the first one-man exhibition of colour photographs at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
    The full catalogue is available online
    (Accessed: 7 June 2014)
    www.metmuseum.org/research/metpublications/Intimate_Landscapes_Photographs 
      
  32. Λ For Robert Glen Ketchum and the land - Robert Glen Ketchum & Eliot Porter, 2006, Regarding the Land: Robert Glen Ketchum and the Legacy Of Eliot Porter, (The Mountaineers Books) 
      
  33. Λ Lewis Baltz, 1974, The New Industrial Parks near Irvine, California, ([New York]: [Leo Castelli/Castelli Graphics]); Lewis Baltz, 1986, San Quentin Point, ([Paris]: Editions de la Différrence); Lewis Baltz, 1989, Candelestick Point; J. Rian, 2001, Lewis Baltz, (New York: Phaidon Press) 
      
  34. Λ Lori Pauli (ed.) & Edward Burtynsky, 2003, Manufactured Landscapes: The Photographs of Edward Burtynsky, (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada in association with Yale University Press) 
      
  35. Λ David Maisel, 2006, Oblivion, (Nazraeli Press) [Essay by William L. Fox and poem by Mark Strand] 
      
  36. Λ Ron van Dongen, 2000, Vulgaris, (Nazraeli Press), Ron van Dongen, 2001, Nudare, (Nazraeli Press); Ron van Dongen, 2006, Effusus, (Nazraeli Press); Ron van Dongen, 2007, Bloom, (Chronicle Books); Ron van Dongen, 2008, Aurora, (Nazraeli Press); Ron van Dongen, 2012, Proof, (Nazraeli Press) 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
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General reading 
  
Auer, Michele & Streff, Jean, 1999, Histoires d'Oeufs: A travers 300 Photographies de 1840 a Nos Jours, (Ides et calendes) isbn-10: 2825801410 [Δ
  
Edwards, John, 1996, London Zoo from Old Photographs, 1852-1914, (Self-published) isbn-10: 0952709902 isbn-13: 978-0952709909 [Δ
  
Eskildsen, Ute, 2006, Useful, Cute and Collected: The Photographed Animal, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3865212093 isbn-13: 978-3865212092 [Δ
  
Jacobson, Ken, 2001, ‘The lovely sea-view - which all London is now wondering at‘: a study of the marine photographs published by Gustave Le Gray, 1856-1858, (Petches Bridge: Ken & Jenny Jacobson) isbn-10: 0952755017 [Δ
  
Kearton, Richard, 1899, With Nature and a Camera, (London: Cassell & Co.) [Illustrated by 180 pictures from photographs by Cherry Kearton] [Δ
  
Kerr, Richard & Smith, Arthur E., 1905, Nature Through Microscope and Camera, (London: Religious Tract Society) [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Adolphe Bertsch 
  
Bertsch, Auguste-Adolphe, 1857-1858 (ca), Etudes d'histoire naturelle au microscope, (Paris: no publisher) [Δ
  
Karl Blossfeldt 
  
Blossfeldt, Karl, 1967, Urformen der Kunst, (Tübingen, Germany: Ernst Wasmuth Verlag) [Δ
  
Blossfeldt, Karl, 1998, Natural Art Forms: 120 Classic Photographs, (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications) [Δ
  
Andy Goldsworthy 
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 1990, A Collaboration with Nature, (Abrams) [Δ
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 1996, Wood, (Harry N. Abrams) [Δ
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 2004, Hand to Earth, (Harry N. Abrams) [Δ
  
Goldsworthy, Andy, 2011, Stone, (Thames & Hudson) [Δ
  
Ernst Haas 
  
Haas, Ernst, 1971, The Creation, (New York: Viking) [Δ
  
Robert Glenn Ketchum 
  
Ketchum, Robert Glen & Porter, Eliot, 2006, Regarding the Land: Robert Glen Ketchum and the Legacy Of Eliot Porter, (The Mountaineers Books) isbn-10: 0883601001 isbn-13: 978-0883601006 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 1985, The Hudson River and the Highlands: The Photographs of Robert Glenn Ketchum, (Aperture) isbn-10: 0893811742 isbn-13: 978-0893811747 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 1991, Overlooked in America: The Success and Failure of Federal Land Management, (Aperture) isbn-10: 0893814660 isbn-13: 978-0893814663 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 1993, The Legacy of Wildness: The Photographs of Robert Glenn Ketchum, (Aperture) isbn-10: 0893814989 isbn-13: 978-0893814984 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 1996, Northwest Passage: A Photographer's Account of his Twenty-Three Day Journey Through the Perilous Northwest Passage -- From Alaska, Through Canada and the Northwest Territories, to Greenland, (Aperture) isbn-10: 0893816760 isbn-13: 978-0893816766 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 2001, Rivers of Life: Southwest Alaska, the Last Great Salmon Fishery, (Aperture) isbn-10: 0893819670 isbn-13: 978-0893819675 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 2005, The Tongass: Alaska's Vanishing Rain Forest, (Aperture) isbn-10: 0893816000 isbn-13: 78-0893816001 [Δ
  
Ketchum, Robert Glenn, 2005, Wood-Tikchik: Alaska's Largest State Park, (Aperture) isbn-10: 1931788111 isbn-13: 978-1931788113 [Δ
  
Richard Long 
  
Tufnell, Ben (ed.), 2007, Richard Long: Selected Statements & Interviews, (London) [Δ
  
Wallis, Clarrie, 2009, Richard Long: Heaven and Earth, (London: Tate Britain) [Exhibition catalogue] [Δ
  
Zeva Oelbaum 
  
Oelbaum, Zeva, 2002, Blue Prints: The Natural World in Cyanotype Photographs, (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc.) [Δ
  
Oliver G. Pike 
  
Morrisey, Rory, 2013, Oliver G. Pike 1877-1963: Leighton Buzzard naturalist, author, photographer, (Self-published) [For details: admin@olivergpike.info, www.olivergpike.info] [Δ
  
Eliot Porter 
  
Ketchum, Robert Glen & Porter, Eliot, 2006, Regarding the Land: Robert Glen Ketchum and the Legacy Of Eliot Porter, (The Mountaineers Books) isbn-10: 0883601001 isbn-13: 978-0883601006 [Δ
  
Martineau, Paul, 2012, Eliot Porter: In the Realm of Nature, (J. Paul Getty Museum) isbn-10: 1606061194 isbn-13: 978-1606061190 [Δ
  
Matthiessen, Peter & Porter, Eliot, 1972, The Tree Where Man Was Born : The African Experience, (Penguin Putnam) isbn-10: 0525222650 isbn-13: 978-0525222651 [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1966, Forever Wild: The Adirondacks, (Joanna Cotler Books) isbn-10: 0060715502 isbn-13: 978-0060715502 [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1966, The Place No One Knew: Glen Canyon on the Colorado, (San Francisco: Sierra Club) [David Brower (ed.)] [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1970, Appalachian Wilderness: The Great Smoky Mountains, (E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc) isbn-10: 0525056858 isbn-13: 978-0525056850 [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1978, Antarctica, (E. P. Dutton) isbn-10: 0091363403 isbn-13: 978-0091363406 [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1979, Intimate Landscapes: Photographs by Eliot Porter, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art) [Essay by Weston J. Naef] [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1987, Eliot Porter, (Boston: Little, Brown) [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot, 1990, In Wildness Is the Preservation of the World, (Random House, Inc.) isbn-10: 0871566109 isbn-13: 978-0871566102 [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot & Porter, Jonathan, 1989, Iceland, (Bulfinch Press) isbn-10: 0821217313 isbn-13: 978-0821217313 [Δ
  
Porter, Eliot et al., 1968, Galapagos: The Flow of Wildness, (San Francisco: Sierra Club) [Δ
  
Sebastião Salgado 
  
Salgado, Sebastiao, 2013, Genesis, (Taschen) isbn-10: 3836538725 isbn-13: 978-3836538725 [Δ
  
Garry Winogrand 
  
Winogrand, Garry, 1969, The Animals, (New York: Museum of Modern Art) [Republished Museum of Modern Art (2004)] [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  
 
  
Resources 
  
Dogs 
http://www.geh.org ... 
  
Sheep 
http://www.geh.org ... 
  
Eliot Porter archives at the Amon Carter Museum (Fort Worth, Texas, USA) 
http://www.cartermuseum.org ... 
  
David Doubilet 
http://www.nationalgeographic.com ... 
  
Harald Edens: Weather Photography 
http://www.weather-photography.com ... 
If interested in weather photography this is a wonderful starting point - the links page will take you on to all the major sites. 
  
Underwater photography 
http://www.underwaterphotography.com 
This site is worth going to for some of the technical material although you have to subscribe and pay for some of the more detailed material. The entries submitted for the different competitions include some quite extraordinarily beautiful examples. 
  
Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition 
http://www.nhm.ac.uk ... 
Wildlife photography competition with exhibition at the Natural History Museum, London 
  
Mathias Klum - Swedish nature photographer 
http://www.klum.se ... 
I particularly like his rather abstract water series 
  
Nature photography 
http://www.naturephotographers.net ... 
  
 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Heather Angel  (1941-) • Franz Antoine  (1815-1886) • Anna Atkins  (1799-1871) • Tom Baril  (1952-) • Adolphe Bertsch  (1813-1871) • Karl Blossfeldt  (1865-1932) • Sonja Braas  (1968-) • Adolphe Braun  (1812-1877) • Jerry Burchfield  (1947-2009) • Keith Carter  (1948-) • Catherine Chalmers • Cy DeCosse  (1929-) • David Doubilet  (1946-) • Maureen Enns • Elliott Erwitt  (1928-) • Andreas Feininger  (1906-1999) • Harold Feinstein  (1931-) • Ernst Fuhrmann  (1886-1956) • Andy Goldsworthy  (1956-) • Henry Horenstein  (1947-) • Charles Jones  (1866-1959) • Frans Lanting • David Liittschwager • Richard Long  (1945-) • Aleksandras Macijauskas  (1938-) • Robert Mapplethorpe  (1946-1989) • Susan Middleton • Freeman Patterson  (1937-) • Oliver G. Pike  (1877-1963) • Eliot Porter  (1901-1990) • Leni Riefenstahl  (1902-2003) • David Sims • Doug Starn  (1961-) • Mike Starn  (1961-) • Joyce Tenneson  (1945-) • William Wegman  (1943-) • Jack Welpott  (1923-2007) • Art Wolfe
HomeThemes > Nature 
A wider gazeA closer look
Collections • Environment • Fauna • Flora • Shells • Weather
Related topics 
  
Agricultural and pastoral 
Animals 
Astronomy 
Beaches 
Birds 
Botany 
Cliffs 
Clouds 
Deserts and dunes 
Domesticated animals 
Endangered and extinct species 
Fish 
Flowers 
Forests 
Fruits 
Horizon 
Ice and snow 
Insects 
Lakes, ponds, meres, reed beds and lagoons 
Lightning 
Mountains 
Mythical beasts 
Pets 
Rivers and streams 
Rural pathways, tracks, trails and lanes 
Sea 
Tornados 
Trees 
Typhoons 
Vegetables 
Water and waterfalls 
Zoos 
 
  

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Nature

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
ThumbnailAmy Stein: Domesticated 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 8, 2008)
ThumbnailAnna Atkins 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (October 9, 2010)
ThumbnailBrigitte Carnochan: The ModernBook Gallery Exhibition (Nov - Dec 2006) 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 14, 2007)
ThumbnailCaroline Hyman: Botanicals 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (December 27, 2007)
ThumbnailCy Decosse: Gioco di Luce / Play of the Light 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 11, 2007)
ThumbnailFlowers: A 19th Century perspective 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Improved (March 7, 2007)
ThumbnailFlowers: A Pictorialist perspective 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 23, 2007)
ThumbnailFlowers: Through the 20th Century 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Improved (May 16, 2007)
ThumbnailFontainebleau, Barbizon - the relationships between painters and photographers 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (November 6, 2010) Further examples sought showing direct parallels between individual paintings and photographs.
ThumbnailHarry Nankin: Contact 2003-4 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 8, 2007)
ThumbnailHarry Nankin: The Rain 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (May 24, 2007)
ThumbnailJames Hajicek & Carol Panaro-Smith 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (December 14, 2007)
ThumbnailJames Hill: The Flower Studies 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (June 7, 2007)
ThumbnailKarl Blossfeldt‘s Original "Urformen der Kunst" / "Art Forms in Nature" 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (October 3, 2006)
ThumbnailLandscape: Mountains 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 8, 2012)
ThumbnailLandscape: Rural pathways, tracks, trails and lanes 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 8, 2012)
ThumbnailLandscape: A 19th Century Perspective 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 8, 2012)
ThumbnailLandscape: Deserts and Dunes 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 22, 2012)
ThumbnailLaszlo Layton: Natural History 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (January 10, 2007)
ThumbnailMarian Drew: Still Life / Australiana 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Improved (April 17, 2007) Introduction by Russell Storer added.
ThumbnailProfessor Albert Richards: X-rays of Flowers 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 16, 2010)
ThumbnailRon van Dongen: Flora 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 13, 2007)
ThumbnailScientific: 19th Century Botany 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (November 27, 2010)
ThumbnailStill-life: Apples 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (February 9, 2009)
ThumbnailStill-life: Eggs 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (July 13, 2008)
ThumbnailStill-life: Pears 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (December 23, 2007)
ThumbnailTrees: A 19th Century perspective 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Improved (November 20, 2007)
ThumbnailTrees: A Pictorialist perspective 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Improved (November 20, 2007)
ThumbnailWilson A. Bentley: Snowflakes 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (June 19, 2011)
  
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > Nature

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailA.W. Malm: Monographie illustrée du baleinoptère... 
ThumbnailAdolphe Bertsch: Photomicrographs 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAdolphe Braun: Cows and oxen 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAdolphe Braun: Flower studies 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAlinari: Nature 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAmy Stein: Domesticated 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAndy Goldsworthy: Books 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAnsel Adams: The New Ansel Adams Photography Course 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailCaroline Hyman: Botanicals 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailComte de Montizon: London Zoo 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailConstantin v. Ettingshausen and A. Pokorny: Physiotypia plantarum austriacarum (1855-1856) 
ThumbnailEliot Porter: Colour 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailEugène Atget: Trees 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHenry Fox Talbot: Dandelion seeds 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHenry Horenstein: Animals 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJohn Edward Saché: Studies of Indian insects 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJoseph Holmes: amnh (American Museum of Natural History) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailKarl Blossfeldt: The Books 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailPlauszewski: Encyclopédie Florale Volume 1 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailRoger Kockaerts: Cyanotypes of Endangered plants 
ThumbnailS.F. Baird: U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Woods Hole, Mass 
ThumbnailWalter Chappell: Plants 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
 
  
   Connections 
  
ThumbnailHenry Fox Talbot - Eugène Atget 
ThumbnailPaul Strand - Heinrich Riebesehl 
 
  
   Themes 
  
ThumbnailIllustrations based on Daguerreotypes: Domesticated animals 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Alligators and crocodiles 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Bears 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Birds 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Bison 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Butterflies and moths 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Cats 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Cattle, bulls, cows and oxen 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Chickens, turkeys and ducks 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Deer 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Dogs: Bulldogs 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Dogs: Examples 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Elephants 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Extinct 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Flies 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Frogs 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Goats 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Hares 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Hippopotami 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Horses 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Hung game 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Insects 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Leopards 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Lions 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Monkeys, chimpanzees and apes 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Ostriches 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Pigs 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Rabbits 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Rhinoceros 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Rodents, mice and rats 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Sheep 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Snails 
ThumbnailNature: Fauna: Snakes 
ThumbnailNature: Fish 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Ferns 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: A 19th century perspective 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: A 20th century perspective 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: A Pictorialist perspective 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Calla lilies 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Dandelions 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Magnolias 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Orchids 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Peonies 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Poppies 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Roses 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Sunflowers 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Thistles 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Tulips 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Flowers: Water lilies 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Fruits 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Fruits: Apples 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Fruits: Grapes 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Fruits: Pears 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Leaves 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Succulents and cacti 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Trees: A 19th century perspective 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Trees: A 20th century perspective 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Trees: A Pictorialist perspective 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Trees: Apple trees 
ThumbnailNature: Flora: Vegetables 
ThumbnailNature: Museums, zoos and aquariums 
ThumbnailNature: Preserved 
ThumbnailNature: Shells 
ThumbnailStill life: Eggs 
 
 
  
   Still thinking about these... 
  
ThumbnailThe Cedars of Lebanon 
 
 
  
Refreshed: 07 November 2014, 00:24
 
  
 
  
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