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HomeContentsThemes > New Bauhaus / Art Institute of Chicago

Curatorial and planning notes 
  
I'd like to include an analysis of the significance of the New Bauhaus (Chicago) and the Art Institute of Chicago. Does anybody have a history that they would be able to share?
 
  
Contents

Introduction
431.01   The New Bauhaus
Harry Callahan
431.02   Harry Callahan: Eleanor and Barbara
431.03   Harry Callahan: Colour work
Aaron Siskind
431.04   Aaron Siskind: Chicago
431.05   Aaron Siskind: Gloucester
Arthur Siegel
431.06   Arthur Siegel: Light abstractions
431.07   Arthur Siegel: Lucidagrams
431.08   Arthur Siegel: Photograms
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated.
 
  
Introduction 
  
431.01   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  The New Bauhaus 
  
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In 1933 the innovative Bauhaus in Berlin was dissolved the same year Adolf Hitler became Chancellor in in Germany. Most of the staff left the Reich knowing that they were at risk. In 1937 Bauhaus Master László Moholy-Nagy[1] arrived in Chicago at the invitation of the Association of Arts and Industries.[2]
 
The New Bauhaus[3] was established the same year to continue the interdisciplinary curricula that had been so innovative in combining, experimentation, art and design at the Bauhaus.[4] László Moholy-Nagy was the founding director of the New Bauhaus[5] as it evolved by heading the School of Design (1938-1944) and the Institute of Design (1944-1946). The curriculum was rich with experimentation into materials, form and technique, and just as it was in Germany, photography was a key element. In summer 1946 the Institute of Design organized a successful symposium "The New Vision of Photography". As the Institute matured teachers including László Moholy-Nagy,[6] György Kepes, Nathan Lerner, Arthur Siegel and Harry Callahan influenced generations of photographers.[7] 
  
Harry Callahan 
  
431.02   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Harry Callahan: Eleanor and Barbara 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Slideshow (Be patient as this has 17 slides to load.) 
  
Eleonor Callahan (1916-2012) was the wife, muse and subject of many of the best known works of Harry Callahan. Their single daughter Barbara (now Barbara Callahan Hollinger) also features in a number of the photographs. 
  
431.03   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Harry Callahan: Colour work 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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From the 1940s onwards Harry Callahan was experimenting with colour photography[8] After working in the Photo Lab at General Motors he started teaching at the Institute of Design in Chicago with Arthur Siegel and László Moholy-Nagy. A small number of Callahan's prints were included in the influential "In and Out of Focus" exhibition curated by Edward Steichen at the Museum of Modern Art (New York) in 1948[9] but Harry Callahan's work was not widely known or collectable at the time.[10] Influential as a teacher in Chicago, Black Mountain Collage and later at the Rhode Island School of Design much of his black and white work was experimental with multi-exposures and studies of minimalist form whilst his colour photography, which was more difficult to manipulate because of darkroom requirements, was more about form, shades and shadows.[11] 
  
Aaron Siskind 
  
431.04   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Aaron Siskind: Chicago 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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431.05   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Aaron Siskind: Gloucester 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Arthur Siegel 
  
431.06   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Arthur Siegel: Light abstractions 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Slideshow 
  
 
  
431.07   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Arthur Siegel: Lucidagrams 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Slideshow 
  
 
  
431.08   New Bauhaus (Chicago) >  Arthur Siegel: Photograms 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Slideshow 
  
 
  
 
  

Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ László Moholy-Nagy, 1925, Malerei, Photographie, Film, Bauhausbook 8, (Munich: Albert Langen Verlag), [Painting, Photography, Film]; Renate & Floris M. Neusüss (eds.), 2009, Moholy-Nagy: The Photograms: Catalogue Raisonné, (Hatje Cantz) 
      
  2. Λ Association of Arts and Industries was founded in 1922 in Chicago. 
      
  3. Λ Chicago's Bauhaus Legacy - Ukrainian Insitute of Modern Art, Chicago, Exhibition- 9 August - 29 September 2013
    (Accessed: 12 February 2014)
    uima-chicago.org/chicagos-bauhaus-legacy-2/ 
      
  4. Λ Magdalena Droste, 2006, Bauhaus 1919-1933, (Taschen); Magdalena Droste, 2006, The Bauhaus: 1919-1933: Reform and Avant-Garde, (Taschen); Jeannine Fiedler (ed.), 1990, Photography at the Bauhaus, (Cambridge: The MIT Press);Gillian Naylor,1985, The Bauhaus Reassessed, (New York: Dutton); Christopher Wilk, (ed.), 2006, Modernism: Designing a New World, 1914–1939, Exhibition catalogue. (London: V&A Publications) 
      
  5. Λ The New Bauhaus closed in June 1938 because of financial issues and student unrest. 
      
  6. Λ László Moholy-Nagy is known for the photographs that he took whilst in Europe but he continued to take family photographs and some advertising work. He also experimented with 35mm colour slide film. 
      
  7. Λ Adam Boxer (ed.), 1993, The New Bauhaus School of Design in Chicago: Photographs, 1937-1944, (New York: Banning and Associates) 
      
  8. Λ Harry Callahan & Robert Tow (ed.), 1980, Harry Callahan: Color, 1941-1980, (Matrix Publications); Keith Davis & Harry Callahan, 1988, Harry Callahan: New Color: Photographs 1978-1987, (Hallmark Cards) 
      
  9. Λ The photographic archives of Harry Callahan are preserved at The Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona. 
      
  10. Λ "In and Out of Focus" (7 April - 11 July 1948), Museum of Modern Art, New York. Press release
    (Accessed: 18 June 2014)
    www.moma.org/momaorg/shared/pdfs/docs/press_archives/1254/releases/MOMA_1946-1948_0129_1948-04-05_4845-19.pdf
     
    The exhibition was unusual in its inclusion of colour as it included five mural size color transparencies. 
      
  11. Λ Interview with Harry M. Callahan, Conducted by Robert Brown in Providence, RI, February 13, 1975
    (Accessed: 18 June 2014)
    www.americansuburbx.com/2012/12/theory-harry-m-callahan-interview-feb.html 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
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General reading 
  
Boxer, Adam (ed.), 1993, The New Bauhaus School of Design in Chicago: Photographs, 1937-1944, (New York: Banning and Associates) isbn-10: 0963852205 isbn-13: 978-0963852205 [Δ
  
Travis, David & Siegel, Elizabeth (eds.), 2002, Taken by Design: Photographs from the Institute of Design, 1937–1971, (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, in association with The University of Chicago Press) [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Thomas F. Barrow 
  
McCarthy Gauss, Kathleen, 1986, Inventories and Transformations: The Photographs of Thomas Barrow, (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press) [Δ
  
Harry Callahan 
  
Davis, Keith F., 1988, Harry Callahan: New Color: Photographs 1978–1987, (Kansas City, MO: Hallmark Cards) [Δ
  
Davis, Keith F. (ed.), 1988, Harry Callahan: Photographs, (Kansas City, MO: Hallmark Cards) [Δ
  
Greenough, Sarah, 1996, Harry Callahan, (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art) [Δ
  
Szarkowski, J. (ed.), 1976, Callahan, (Millerton, NY: Aperture) [Δ
  
György Kepes 
  
Kepes, Gyorgy et al., 1995, Language of Vision: Fundamentals of Bauhaus Design, (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications) [Reprint] [Δ
  
László Moholy-Nagy 
  
Haus, Andreas, 1980, Moholy-Nagy: Photographs and Photograms, (New York: Pantheon Books) [Δ
  
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1925, Malerei, Photographie, Film, Bauhausbook 8, (Munich: Albert Langen Verlag) [Δ
  
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1969, Vision in Motion, (Chicago: Paul Theobold and Co.) [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Rudolf Baranik  (1920-1998) • Thomas F. Barrow  (1938-) • Harry Callahan  (1912-1999) • György Kepes  (1906-2001) • Nathan Lerner  (1913-1997) • László Moholy-Nagy  (check) • Arthur Siegel  (1913-1978) • Aaron Siskind  (1903-1991)
HomeStyles and movements > New Bauhaus / Art Institute of Chicago 
A wider gazeRelated topics 
  
Bauhaus 
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > New Bauhaus / Art Institute of Chicago

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Chicago 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Gloucester 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Iron work 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Jerome 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Kentucky 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Martha's Vineyard 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: New York 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailAaron Siskind: Pleasures and Terrors of Levitation 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailArthur Siegel: Light abstractions 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailArthur Siegel: Lucidagrams 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailArthur Siegel: Photograms 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHarry Callahan: Abstracts 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHarry Callahan: Chicago - multiple prints 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHarry Callahan: Colour work 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHarry Callahan: Eleanor and Barbara 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHarry Callahan: New York 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
 
  
Refreshed: 07 October 2014, 17:33
 
  
 
  
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