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HomeContentsThemes > Mental health and psychiatry

Contents

230.01   Hugn Welch Diamond: Patients at Surrey County Asylum (ca. 1855)
230.02   The Physiognomy of Insanity, by Dr. Conolly. Photographs taken from Life. By Dr. Diamond (1858)
230.03   Insane asylum patients (1870s)
230.04   James Crichton-Browne: West Riding Lunatic Asylum, Wakefield, Yorkshire, Great Britain
230.05   Albert Londe: Female patients with mental illness
230.06   Jean-Philippe Charbonnier: Psychiatric hospitals (1954)
230.07   W. Eugene Smith: Man of Mercy (1954)
230.08   Diane Arbus: Book covers
230.09   Joy Christiansen: Family Gathering
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated. 
  
Status: Collect > Document > Analyse > Improve
 
  
230.01   Scientific >  Hugn Welch Diamond: Patients at Surrey County Asylum (ca. 1855) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Hugh Welch Diamond[1] used photography as an addition to the patient records that he kept in his role as superintendent of the female department of Surrey County Asylum in England. His photographs showing the insane were used as the basis of illustrations for the articles of John Conolly (1794-1866).[2] 
  
   Scientific Medical 
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230.02   Scientific >  The Physiognomy of Insanity, by Dr. Conolly. Photographs taken from Life. By Dr. Diamond (1858) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Dr. John Conolly published a series of thirteen papers on the Physiognomy of Insanity[3], in the Medical Times and Gazette (1858-1859). Twelve of the articles included illustrations based on photographs by Dr. Hugh Welch Diamond.[4] 
  
230.03   Scientific >  Insane asylum patients (1870s) 
  
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This series of portraits of Louisa Blaney, Caroline Nightingale and Elizabeth Tappenden taken by an unknown photographer, probably British, are in the Metropolitan Museum of Art
  
   Scientific Medical 
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230.04   Scientific >  James Crichton-Browne: West Riding Lunatic Asylum, Wakefield, Yorkshire, Great Britain 
  
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   Scientific Medical 
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230.05   Scientific >  Albert Londe: Female patients with mental illness 
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   Scientific Medical 
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230.06   Scientific >  Jean-Philippe Charbonnier: Psychiatric hospitals (1954) 
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In 1954 Jean-Philippe Charbonnier documented French Psychiatric hospitals and this exhibition includes rarely seen photographs from the series.
 
Some of the photographs were first published in Réalités in January 1955. Here a selection of the original reportage is shown followed by the magazine layouts - published in the magazine with two fluffy cats on the cover. It is interesting to see that a number of most powerful images were not published due to the sensitivities of the 1950s and that the eyes of the patients are at times masked to protect their identities.[5] 
  
   Jean-Philippe  Charbonnier 
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230.07   Scientific >  W. Eugene Smith: Man of Mercy (1954) 
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Magnum photographer W. Eugene Smith went to document the charitable work of Dr. Albert Schweitzer. In the photography Stockade for the Insane It is what we do not see that scares us the most - in the 1954 photo reportage Man of Mercy by W. Eugene Smith on Albert Schweitzer that was published in LIFE magazine the caption explains but what remains unseen is left entirely to our imagination. 
  
230.08   Scientific >  Diane Arbus: Book covers 
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230.09   Scientific >  Joy Christiansen: Family Gathering 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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An artist statement by Joy Christiansen provides the setting for this series:
In today’s culture, negative body image and eating disorders are increasingly common. This is influenced by an overabundance of visual representations that occur in film, television and mass print media promoting dieting, thinness, and the objectification of women’s bodies. In response to this trend, Family Gathering, a photo-based installation, presents the harsh reality of the disorder through personal interviews of both individual sufferers and from their family members and friends.
 
In this exhibition, a room full of furniture is arranged in the format of a typical upper-middle class living room in the United States. Each piece of furniture is adorned with photographic imagery and text from the personal interviews. The combination of furniture, photography and text is used to initiate dialogue about this difficult and important subject. The comfortable and familiar veneer of the furniture serves as a welcome invitation to the viewer. Once the subtle imagery and text become visible, anonymous stories are revealed through each piece of furniture, bringing the room to life.
 
  
   Joy  Christiansen 
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Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ Carolyn Bloore, 1980, Hugh Welch Diamond: Doctor, Antiquarian, Photographer, (Twickenham: Orleans House Gallery) [Exhibition catalogue] 
      
  2. Λ Illustrations based on the photographs of Dr. Hugh Welch Diamond were used to illustrate articles published in the Medical Times and Gazette that were published in a single volume as - John Conolly, 1858-1859, The Physiognomy of Insanity, (London: John Churchill) [A series of thirteen papers on the Physiognomy of Insanity, in the Medical Times and Gazette. Twelve of the articles Included illustrations based on photographs by Hugh Welch Diamond] 
      
  3. Λ John Conolly, "The Physiognomy of Insanity", Medical Times and Gazette
    Vol. 16, (1858: Jan. 2; Jan. 16; Feb. 6; Mar. 6; Mar. 27; Apr. 17; May 15; June 19): pp. 2-5, plate 1; pp. 56-58, plate 2; pp. 134-136, plate 3; pp. 238-241, plate 4; pp. 314-316; pp. 297-298, plate 5; pp. 498-500, plate 6; pp. 623-625,plate 7.

     
    Vol. 17 (1858: July 24; Aug. 28;Oct. 9; Dec. 25): pp. 81-83, plate 8; pp. 210-212, plate 9; pp. 367-369, plate 10; pp. 651-653, plate 11

     
    Vol. 18 (1859: Feb. 19): pp. 183-186 
      
  4. Λ Carolyn Bloore, 1980, Hugh Welch Diamond: Doctor, Antiquarian, Photographer, (Twickenham: Orleans House Gallery) [Exhibition catalogue] 
      
  5. Λ In 2006 a 24 page booklet Jean-Philippe Charbonnier: HP hôpitaux psychiatriques was published by Le traitement contemporain n°4 in conjunction with gallery Agathe Gaillard. 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
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General reading 
  
Burns, Stanley, 2006, Patients & Promise: A Photographic History of Mental & Mood Disorders, (Burns Press) isbn-10: 097644951X [4 volumes in slipcase] [Δ
  
Burns, Stanley, 2007, Seeing Insanity: Photography & The Depiction of Mental Illness, (Burns Press) isbn-10: 0976449552 [Δ
  
Conolly, John, 1858, 16 January, ‘The Physiognomy of Insanity. No. 2—Suicidal Melancholy‘, Medical Times and Gazette, vol. 16, pp. 56-58 [Includes illustrations based on photographs by Hugh Welch Diamond] [Δ
  
Conolly, John, 1858, 2 January, ‘The Physiognomy of Insanity, No. 1—Religious Melancholy‘, Medical Times and Gazette, vol. 16 [Includes illustrations based on photographs by Hugh Welch Diamond] [Δ
  
Conolly, John, 1858, 6 March, ‘The Physiognomy of Insanity, No. 4 - Melancholia passing on to Mania‘, Medical Times and Gazette, vol. 16 [Includes a woodcut by Orrin Smith.] [Δ
  
Conolly, John, 1858-1859, The Physiognomy of Insanity, (London: John Churchill) [A series of thirteen papers on the Physiognomy of Insanity, in the Medical Times and Gazette. Twelve of the articles Included illustrations based on photographs by Hugh Welch Diamond] [Δ
  
Godbey, Emily, 2000, Spring, ‘Picture Me Sane: Photography and the Magic Lantern in a Nineteenth-Century Asylum‘, American Studies, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 31-69 [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Hugh Welch Diamond 
  
Diamond, H.W., 1856, July, ‘On the Application of Photography to the Physiognomy and Mental Phenomena of Insanity‘, Photographic Journal [Δ
  
Gilman, Sander (ed.), 1976, The Face of Madness: Hugh W. Diamond and the Origin of Psychiatric Photography, (Brunner/Mazel) [Δ
  
Gilman, Sander L., 1882, Seeing the Insane, (NY: John Wiley in association with Brunner/Mazel) [Δ
  
Gilman, Sander L., 1976, ‘Hugh W. Diamond and Psychiatric Photography‘, in Sander Gilman (ed.), The Face of Madness: Hugh W. Diamond and the Origin of Psychiatric Photography [Δ
  
Dorris Haron Kasco 
  
Kasco, Dorris Haron, 1994, Les Fous d'Abidjan, (Editions Revue Noire) isbn-13: 978-2909571089 [Δ
  
David Maisel 
  
Maisel, David, 2008, Library of Dust, (Chronicle Books) isbn-10: 0811863336 isbn-13: 978-0811863339 [Δ
  
Mary Ellen Mark 
  
Mark, Mary Ellen, 1979, Ward 81, (New York: Simon and Schuster) [Text by Karen Floger Jacobs with an introduction by Milos Forman] [Δ
  
Mark, Mary Ellen, 2008, Ward 81, (Damiani) isbn-10: 8862080557 isbn-13: 978-8862080552 [Text by K. Jacobs] [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Diane Arbus  (1923-1971) • Omar Said Bakor  (1932-1993) • Jean-Philippe Charbonnier  (1921-2004) • Joy Christiansen • Raymond Depardon  (1942-) • Hugh Welch Diamond  (check) • Claudio Edinger • Dorris Haron Kasco  (1966-) • Albert Londe  (1858-1917) • David Maisel • Mary Ellen Mark  (1940-)
HomeThemesScientificMedical > Mental health and psychiatry 
 
A wider gazeRelated topics 
  
Eating disorders 
Health 
Social outsiders 
 
  

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Mental health and psychiatry

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
ThumbnailDr. Hugh Welch Diamond: Patients at Surrey Asylum (ca. 1855) 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (October 30, 2013)
ThumbnailJean-Philippe Charbonnier: Psychiatric hospitals 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (November 27, 2006)
ThumbnailJoy Christiansen: Family Gathering 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (April 14, 2007)
ThumbnailScientific: Medical - Mental health and hypnosis 
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Improved (October 22, 2010) Warning: These images may be considered disturbing and I would recommend that you do not view this exhibition if you are of a sensitive disposition.
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > Mental health and psychiatry

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailAlbert Londe: Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpetriere 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailDavid Maisel: Library of Dust 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailDiane Arbus: Book covers 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHugh Welch Diamond: Surrey County Lunatic Asylum 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailPatients at the West Riding Lunatic Asylum, Wakefield, Yorkshire 
ThumbnailThe Physiognomy of Insanity, by Dr. Conolly. Photographs taken from Life. By Dr. Diamond 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
 
  
   Themes 
  
ThumbnailDocumentary: Mental health 
ThumbnailDocumentary: Mental health: Insane Asylum Patients 
 
  
Refreshed: 14 August 2014, 14:19
 
  
 
  
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