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HomeContentsThemes > Canada

Contents

Information requests
10053.01   Improving content on countries
Daguerreotypes
10053.02   Hugh Lee Pattinson: Niagara Falls
Exploration and disaster
10053.03   Richard Beard: British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition (1845-1848)
10053.04   Richard Beard: Sir John Franklin
10053.05   Paul-Émile Miot: Newfoundland and Cape Breton
10053.06   Paul-Émile Miot: Mik'maq (Micmac)
10053.07   Acadians, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (1859)
10053.08   Humphrey Lloyd Hime: Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition (1857-1858)
10053.09   Joseph Burr Tyrrell: Expedition to the barren lands (1893)
William Notman, his studios and associates
10053.10   William Notman: Portraits
10053.11   William Notman: Photomontages
10053.12   William James Topley: Canadian landscapes
10053.13   William Notman: The construction of Victoria Bridge, Montreal, Canada (1854-1859)
10053.14   William Notman: Use of the painted exterior wall of his Montreal Studio as a background
Life outdoors
10053.15   Alexander Henderson: Canadian landscapes
10053.16   William James Topley: Hunting and fishing in Canada
Pictorialism
10053.17   Canadian Pictorialism: Frederick George Ashton
Modernism
10053.18   John Vanderpant: Canadian Modernism
The scale of place
10053.19   Emily Carr on Canada
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated.
 
  
Information requests 
  
10053.01   North and Central America >  Improving content on countries 
  
We are seeking to extend the information and examples we can share on this country.
  • Earliest photographs
     
  • Key photographers and their studios
     
  • Major documentary photographic series
     
  • Significant historical events
     
  • Books, magazines and journals - including their covers
     
  • Photographic societies and associations - including outings and meetings
These points are indicative of topics that could be included on this page and if you have expertise you would like to share now is the time to get in touch.
 
If you are able to assist in any way it is appreciated.
 
  
Daguerreotypes 
  
10053.02   North and Central America >  Hugh Lee Pattinson: Niagara Falls 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Hugh Lee Pattinson was a British industrialist and metallurgist who visited Canada on a business trip soon after the daguerreotype method was announced in 1839. His daguerreotypes of Niagara Falls are considered to be amongst the earliest photographs, if not the earliest, taken in Canada.
 
One of his daguerreotypes of Niagara Falls was passed on by Antoine Claudet to Noël Marie Paymal Lerebours for publication in Excursions daguerriennes: vues et monuments les plus remarquables du globe (1842).[1] 
  
Exploration and disaster 
  
10053.03   North and Central America >  Richard Beard: British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition (1845-1848) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The 1845 a series of daguerreotype were taken by Richard Beard of the officers participating in the ill-fated British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition (1845-1848) commanded by Sir John Franklin.[2][3][4] There are known to be surviving daguerreotype of fourteen of the officers and in some cases there is evidence that two portraits were taken of some of them with differing poses.[5] 
  
10053.04   North and Central America >  Richard Beard: Sir John Franklin 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The 1845 daguerreotype three-quarter length portrait of Sir John Franklin seated and holding a telescope was taken prior to his departure on H.M.S. Erebus on the ill-fated British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition (1845-1848).[6] The daguerreotype was taken before photographs could be printed in publications and therefore had to be copied on to a woodcut or engraving prior to print. This series of images show how quality was lost as the portrait was copied. 
  
10053.05   North and Central America >  Paul-Émile Miot: Newfoundland and Cape Breton 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Paul-Émile Miot (1827-1900)[7] was raised in Ireland and came to Paris in 1843 where he joined the French naval school (5 November 1843). As naval officer, hydrograph, draftsman and photographer he made several circumnavigations of the world. His photographs taken in Newfoundland and Cape Breton in Eastern Canada (1857-1862)[8] are some of the earliest Canadian landscapes and ethnographic portraits of the indigenous Mi'kmaq population.[9]
 
His voyages with the French navy continued to Mexico (1863-1866), Chile, Peru and the Pacific Islands including the Marquesas Islands in French Polynesia (1865-1868). 
  
10053.06   North and Central America >  Paul-Émile Miot: Mik'maq (Micmac) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The Mi'kmaq are an indigenous first nations people of the Maritime provinces of eastern Canada.[10] In 1857 to 1859 Paul-Émile Miot took some of the earliest portraits of the Mi'kmaq including four portraits of which two were taken on the French vessel Sésostris. He also took a rare photograph showing Four Mi'kmaq women sitting in front of their wigwams which was taken at Sydney, Cape Breton in Nova Scotia.[11] 
  
10053.07   North and Central America >  Acadians, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (1859) 
  
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The frontispiece to Frederic S. Cozzens' book Acadia; or, A Month with the Blue Noses (1859) gives an early account of making ambrotypes[12] of the Acadians of Nova Scotia:
 
From the Preface of the book:
A word in regard to the two Acadian portraits. These are literal ambrotypes, to which Sarony has added a few touches of his artistic crayon. It may interest the reader to know that these are the first, the only likenesses of the real Evangelines of Acadia. The women of Chezzetcook appear at daybreak in the city of Halifax, and as soon as the sun is up vanish like the dew. They have usually a basket of fresh eggs, a brace or two of worsted socks, a bottle of fir-balsam to sell. These comprise their simple commerce. When the market-bell rings you find them not. To catch such fleeting phantoms, and to transfer them to the frontispiece of a book published here, is like painting the burnished wings of a humming-bird. A friend, however, undertook the task. He rose before the sun, he bought eggs, worsted socks, and fir-balsam of the Acadians. By constant attentions he became acquainted with a pair of Acadian women, niece and aunt. Then he proposed the matter to them:
 
"I want you to go with me to the daguerreotype gallery."
 
"What for?"
 
"To have your portraits taken."
 
"What for?"
 
"To send to a friend in New York."
 
"What for?"
 
"To be put in a book."
 
"What for?"
 
"Never rnind ' what for,' will you go ?"
 
Aunt and niece both together in a breath "No."
 
So my friend, who was a wise man, wrote to the priest of the settlement of Chezzetcook, to explain the "what for," and the consequence was our portraits! But these women had a terrible time at the head of the first flight of stairs. Not an inch would these shy creatures budge beyond. At last, the wife of the operator induced them to rise to the high flight that led to the Halifax skylight, and there they were painted by the sun, as we see them now.
 
Nothing more! Ring the bell, prompter, and draw the curtain.[13]
Curatorial note: The Sarony mentioned was presumably Napoleon Sarony (1821-1896) 
  
10053.08   North and Central America >  Humphrey Lloyd Hime: Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition (1857-1858) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Humphrey Lloyd Hime was an Irish-born Canadian photographer who was the official photographer on the "Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition" (1857) and the "Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Expedition to Red River" (1858) led by Henry Youle Hind.[14] In Appendix XIV of the official account there is a list of the photographs taken.[15] Later in life Hime became the President of the Toronto Stock Exchange. 
  
10053.09   North and Central America >  Joseph Burr Tyrrell: Expedition to the barren lands (1893) 
  
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Joseph Burr Tyrrell in his Report on the Doobaunt, Kazan and Ferguson Rivers, the north-west coast of Hudson Bay, and on two overland routes from Hudson Bay to Lake Winnipeg (1897) wrote:
"I beg to present a report on the geology and general resources of the region explored in 1893 and 1894, embraced in an area of about 200,000 square miles, lying north of the 59th parallel of latitude, and west of Hudson Bay. The explorations include the examination and survey of Telzoa or Doobaunt, Kazan, Ferguson, Chipman and Cochrane Rivers, Chesterfield Inlet, and the east coast of Hudson Bay from Chesterfield Inlet to Churchill, and two overland routes, traveled in winter with dog-teams and sledges, between Churchill and Nelson Rivers"[16]
 
  
William Notman, his studios and associates 
  
10053.10   North and Central America >  William Notman: Portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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10053.11   North and Central America >  William Notman: Photomontages 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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William Notman[17] emigrated to Canada in 1856 and became one of the preeminent Canadian portrait photographers who also took cityscapes of Montreal and intriguing photocollages of large groups.[18] For one composite photograph of the Skating Carnival, Victoria Rink (1870) in Montreal he used over 300 individual portraits to construct the scene.
 
William Notman had studios in various cities including Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto and Halifax. 
  
10053.12   North and Central America >  William James Topley: Canadian landscapes 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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10053.13   North and Central America >  William Notman: The construction of Victoria Bridge, Montreal, Canada (1854-1859) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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William Notman emigrated to Canada in 1856 and became one of the preeminent Canadian photographers taking cityscapes of Montreal and intriguing photocollages of large groups. He had studios in various Canadian cities including Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto and Halifax. The Victoria Bridge being constructed in Montreal was a significant civil engineering project for Canada and the British Empire and so Notman documented the progress of the construction.[19] Within the collection at the McCord Museum of Canadian History there are salted paper prints along with coloured ink drawings made from some of them allowing for analysis of two distinct mode of documentation.[20]
 
The following contemporary account from 1859 describes this engineering marvel:
THE VICTORIA BRIDGE.
 
This gigantic undertaking forms one of the most interesting and wonderful features connected with the city, at Point St. Charles.
 
It is being built for the purpose of enabling the Grand Trunk Railway to form a continuous railroad communication with the railroads of the United States, instead of passengers being obliged to cross the river in steamers, as at present
 
The width of the river where the bridge is being built is very nearly 2 miles.
 
The current of the river is very rapid—with a depth of from 4 to 10 feet, excepting in the main channel, where it is from 30 to 35 feet deep.
 
In the winter, the ice is formed into a great thickness, and frequently immense piles accumulate—as high as 80 to 40 feet Thus piled up in huge boulders, the water rushes through them at a fearful rate, driving the blocks of ice along, and crushing all before them.
 
The bridge will consist of 24 strong piers, standing 242 feet apart, excepting the entire span, which is 339 feet wide. They are all perpendicular on three sides, and slope down to the water-edge against the current, so as to withstand the force and action of the floating masses of ice, on its breaking up. Each pier is estimated to withstand the force of 70,000 tons of ice at one time.
 
Resting on these piers, and running from abutment to abutment, is the bridge, which consists of a hollow iron tube, 22 feet high, and 16 feet wide.
 
The entire span is to be 60 feet above the average level of the water, thence sinking towards each end 1 foot in 130, thus making the height of the abutments about 37 feet
 
The estimated cost is about £1,250,000 stg. The weight of the iron in the tubes will be 8,000 tons, and the contents of the masonry will be about 3,000,000 cubic feet The whole will be completed in the autumn of 1859 or spring of 1860. As is well known, the engineer of this greatest bridge in the world is Mr. Robert Stephenson of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
 
The whole of the views of Montreal, as given in the accompanying pages, were taken for this work by Mr. Notman, photographer, Montreal, and the clear and sharp photographs supplied by him for the purpose of engraving from, affords the best evidence of his being a first-class artist.[21]
This account specifically refers to the photographs of William Notman
  
   Documentary 19thc Notman Victoria Bridge 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
10053.14   North and Central America >  William Notman: Use of the painted exterior wall of his Montreal Studio as a background 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The exterior wall of studio of William Notman in Montreal, Canada was painted with a rustic scene and had an attached rustic building.[22] This allowed carriages to stop outside the building to be photographed. 
  
   19thc Studio Backgrounds 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
Life outdoors 
  
10053.15   North and Central America >  Alexander Henderson: Canadian landscapes 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Alexander Henderson (1831-1913)[23] was a Scottish-born photographer who emigrated to Canada in 1855 and took up photography soon after. Through his professional career in Montreal he was unusual in taking largely outdoor photographs often showing people working in cold landscapes
  
10053.16   North and Central America >  William James Topley: Hunting and fishing in Canada 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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William James Topley[24] was a Canadian photographer and business man. His extensive archives including some 150,000 mainly glass plates was aquired by the Public Archives of Canada in 1936 for $3,000. This archive along with that of his one-time employer William Notman is one of the great collections of Canadian photographs
  
Pictorialism 
  
10053.17   North and Central America >  Canadian Pictorialism: Frederick George Ashton 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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Frederick George Ashton was a member of the Camera Club of Ottawa in Canada who produced pictorialist inspired oil prints between 1925 and 1935.[25] 
  
Modernism 
  
10053.18   North and Central America >  John Vanderpant: Canadian Modernism 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
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The scale of place 
  
10053.19   North and Central America >  Emily Carr on Canada 
  
Artist Emily Carr in her autobiography wrote about Canada
"More than ever was I convinced that the old way of seeing was inadequate to express this big country of ours, her depth, her height, her unbounded wideness, silences too strong to be broken - nor could ten million cameras, through their mechanical boxes, ever show real Canada. It had to be sensed, passed through live minds, sensed and loved."[26]
 
  

Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ Eight daguerreotypes by Hugh Lee Pattinson are retained with the Special Collections at Newcastle University Library, England.
    www.ncl.ac.uk/library/specialcollections/collections/daguerreotypes/ lerebours_01 
      
  2. Λ Owen Beattie & John Geiger, 2004, Frozen in Time: The Fate of the Franklin Expedition, (Greystone Books); Martin W. Sandler, 2006, Resolute: The Epic Search for the Northwest Passage and John Franklin, and the Discovery of the Queen's Ghost Ship, (Sterling) 
      
  3. Λ The daguerreotypes are in the collection of the Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, UK. 
      
  4. Λ Research on the original series of the portraits by Richard Beard was intensive in 2009 and involved a considerable mount of detective work by William Battersby, Russell Potter and others. For a detailed discussion on this series of Daguerreotypes:
     
    hidden-tracks-book.blogspot.com/2009/06/lost-daguerreotypes.html
    hidden-tracks-book.blogspot.com/2009/06/more-on-franklin-expedition.html
    hidden-tracks-book.blogspot.com/2009/10/new-franklin-expedition-daguerreotype.html 
      
  5. Λ hidden-tracks-book.blogspot.com/2009/10/new-franklin-expedition-daguerreotype.html 
      
  6. Λ Owen Beattie & John Geiger, 2004, Frozen in Time: The Fate of the Franklin Expedition, (Greystone Books); Martin W. Sandler, 2006, Resolute: The Epic Search for the Northwest Passage and John Franklin, and the Discovery of the Queen's Ghost Ship, (Sterling) 
      
  7. Λ Michèle Chomette & Pierre-Marc Richard, 1995, Paul-Émile Miot (1827-1900), un marin photographe 1857-1870, (Paris: Éditions Galerie Michèle Chomette) [A series of four booklets with the following titles: I. Terre-Neuve 1857-1859; II. Amérique du Sud 1868-1870; III. Océanie 1869-1870 et Sénégal 1871; IV. La croisade de l'Astrée 1868-1871 avec Félix Auguste Leclerc 1838-1899] 
      
  8. Λ For in Canada - Guy Tessier, 1995, ‘The Portfolio: Nineteenth-century French photographs of Newfoundland‘, The Archivist (National Archives of Canada), no. 108, pp. 5-12 [Includes eight photographs by Paul-Émile Miot]; Michael Wilkshire & Gerard Penney, 1991, Spring, ‘Five Micmac Photographs‘, Newfoundland Quarterly, vol. LXXXVI, no. 3, pp. 12-16 [Includes five photographs of Mi'kmaqs taken by Paul-Émile Miot and kept in the Musée de l'Homme, Paris] 
      
  9. Λ "Mi'kmaq" has the "Mikmaq" variant spelling.
    Mi'kmaq people - Wikipedia
    (Accessed: 29 August 2013)
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mi'kmaq_people 
      
  10. Λ Daniel N. Paul, 2000, We were not the savages: a Mi'kmaq perspective on the collision between European and native American civilizations, (Fernwood) 
      
  11. Λ Michael Wilkshire & Gerard Penney, Spring 1991, ‘Five Micmac Photographs‘, Newfoundland Quarterly, vol. LXXXVI, no. 3, pp. 12-16 [Includes five photographs of Mi'kmaqs taken by Paul-Émile Miot and kept in the Musée de l'Homme, Paris]
     
    Albumen prints of photographs by Paul-Émile Miot are also in the collection of Library and Archives Canada:
     
    Mik'maq (Micmac) woman [Newfoundland], Accession: 1996-097, Reproduction no: PA-195499
    Mi'kmaq (Micmac) man [Newfoundland], Accession: 1996-097, Reproduction no: PA-195497
    Mi'kmaq woman on board the Sésostris [Newfoundland], Accession: 1994-303, Reproduction no: PA-188214
    Mi'kmaq woman on board the French aviso Sésostris, Accession: 1994-303, Reproduction no: PA-188213
    Four Mi'kmaq women sitting in front of their wigwams [Sydney, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia], Accession: 1995-084, Reproduction no: PA-194632 
      
  12. Λ The ambrotype on which the frontispiece for Frederic S. Cozzens Acadia; or, A Month with the Blue Noses (New York: Derby & Jackson, 1859) is now lost. 
      
  13. Λ Frederic S. Cozzens Acadia; or, A Month with the Blue Noses (New York: Derby & Jackson, 1859), pp. iv-v. 
      
  14. Λ Henry Youle Hind, 1860, Narrative of The Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857 and the Assinniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition of 1858, (London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts) [Two volumes, Appendix XIV, pp. 434-436 lists the photographs taken.] 
      
  15. Λ Richard J. Huyda, 1975, Camera in the Interior: 1858, H.L. Hime, Photographer, (Coach House Press) 
      
  16. Λ J.B. Tyrrell, 1897, Report on the Doobaunt, Kazan and Ferguson Rivers, the north-west coast of Hudson Bay, and on two overland routes from Hudson Bay to Lake Winnipeg, (Ottawa: S. E. Dawson), 11/2 
      
  17. Λ Books by William Notman include - William Notman, 1860 [?], Victoria Bridge, Montreal, (Montreal); William Notman, 1863, Photographic selections, (Montreal) [Text by Thomas D. King. Includes 44 photographs of old masters and contemporary paintings and two of Notman's photographs "from nature"]; William Notman, 1865, Notman's Photographic Selections, (Montreal); William Notman, [1864], North American scenery . . . 1863–64, (Montreal); William Notman & John Fennings Taylor, 1865–68, Portraits of British Americans, with biographical sketches, (Montreal: W. Notman) [3 volumes] 
      
  18. Λ Stanley G. Triggs, 1994, The Composite Photographs of William Notman, (Montreal: McCord Museum of Canadian History) 
      
  19. Λ Stanley Triggs, Conrad Graham, Brian Young & Gilles Lauzon, 1992, Pont Victoria: un lien vital = Victoria Bridge: the vital link, (Montreal: McCord Museum of Canadian History) [Exhibition catalogue] 
      
  20. Λ Examples of where there are surviving William Notman photographs and other modes of illustration in the McCord Museum of Canadian History (Montreal, Canada) include:
    example 1: Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process, "Large boulder raised from coffer dam, Victoria Bridge, Montreal, QC" (VIEW-7570.0) / Ink on paper - Wood engraving, "The Removal of a Large Boulder during the Construction of the Victoria Bridge" (M15934.21)
     
    example 2: Silver salts on paper mounted on card - Albumen process, "Framework of tube and staging no. 8, Victoria Bridge, Montreal, QC" (N-0000.193.127) / Print, "Laying Bottom of Tube" (M15934.30)
     
    example 3: Silver salts on paper mounted on card - Albumen process, "Centre tube, Victoria Bridge, Montreal, QC" (N-0000.193.135) / Coloured ink on paper, "Centre tube in progress" (M15934.28)
    At times there are differences in the numbers of people shown and their positions and this might indicate an amount of artistic license by the artist when copying the photographs. 
      
  21. Λ The New World in 1859 being the United States and Canada, Illustrated and Described (London: H. Bailliere, ca. 1859), Part Third, Upper and Lower Canada 
      
  22. Λ I am seeking further examples of studios that used the exteriors of their studios in this way - alan@luminous-lint.com 
      
  23. Λ Stanley Triggs, 1977-78, winter, "Alexander Henderson: Nineteenth-century Landscape Photographer", Archivaria, no. 5, pp. 45-53; Louise Guay, 1987, "Alexander Henderson: Canadian landscape photographer", Archivist (Ottawa), vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 6–7; Louise Guay, 1989, "Alexander Henderson, photographer", History of Photography, vol. 13, pp. 79–94.
     
    Biography of Alexander Henderson (Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. XIV, 1911-1920)
    (Accessed: 24 July 2013)
    www.biographi.ca/en/bio.php?id_nbr=7437 
      
  24. Λ William James Topley was one of the photographers who created trade directories illustrated with tipped in photographs - 1875, The Ottawa album, containing photographs and advertisements of the principal business houses, hotels and steamboats and local views, (Ottawa) [Published work of William James Topley and includes 61 tipped-in prints] 
      
  25. Λ In 1975 a collection of his prints was given by the Ottawa Camera Club to the National Gallery of Canada. 
      
  26. Λ Emily Carr, 1966, Growing Pains: The Autobiography of Emily Carr (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin) p. 228 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
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General reading 
  
Buchloh, Benjamin & Wilkie, Robert (eds.), 1983, Mining Photographs and Other Pictures, 1948–1968: Photographs by Leslie Shedden, (NSCAD University / Cape Breton University Press) isbn-13:  978-0919616257 [Essays by Donald Macgillivary and Allan Sekula] [Δ
  
Castelain, Jean-Pierre & Leroy, Yves, 1990, Images de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, (Éditions Le Volcan, Maison de la culture du Havre) [Includes a brief biography of Paul-Émile Miot (p. 126)] [Δ
  
Cavell, E., 1984, Sometimes a Great Nation. A Photo Album of Canada 1850-1925, (Banff, Alberta: Altitude Publishing) [Δ
  
Gobineau, Count Arthur de, 1861, Voyage à Terre-Neuve [Passages of this book were published in Le Tour do Monde (1863), pp. 401-416 with drawings executed from the photographs of Paul-Émile Miot] [Δ
  
Gobineau, Count Arthur de, 1993, A Gentleman in the Outports: Gobineau and Newfoundland, (Ottawa: Carleton University Press) [Translation of Voyage à Terre-Neuve (1861) by Michael Wilkshire] [Δ
  
Greenhill, R., 1965, Early Photography in Canada, (Toronto: Oxford University Press) [Δ
  
Greenhill, R. & Birrell, A., 1979, Canadian Photography: 1839-1920, (Toronto: The Coach House Press) [Δ
  
Hind, Henry Youle, 1860, Narrative of The Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857 and the Assinniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition of 1858, (London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts) [Δ
  
Langford, Martha, 1984, Contemporary Canadian Photography, (Edmonton: Hurtig) [Δ
  
Madill, Shirley (ed.), 1983, Latitudes & Parallels: Focus on Contemporary Canadian Photography, (Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery) [Δ
  
Morassutti, William, 2012, Imagining Canada: A Century of Photographs Preserved By The New York Times, (Doubleday Canada) isbn-10: 038567709X isbn-13: 978-0385677097 [Δ
  
Reid, Mark (ed.), 2009, 100 Photos that Changed Canada, (Harper Collins) isbn-10: 1554684978 isbn-13: 978-1554684977 [Δ
  
Tyrrell, J. Burr, 1897, Report on the Doobaunt, Kazan and Ferguson Rivers, the north-west coast of Hudson Bay, and on two overland routes from Hudson Bay to Lake Winnipeg, (Ottawa: S. E. Dawson) [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Margaret Bourke-White 
  
Brinckman, John, 2013, Down North: John Buchan and Margaret Bourke-White on the Mackenzie, (Ebook: Kindle / Kobo) [Δ
  
Robert Frank 
  
Frank, Robert, 2011, Pangnirtung, (Steidl) isbn-10: 3869301988 isbn-13: 978-3869301983 [Δ
  
Alexander Henderson 
  
Guay, Louise, 1987, ‘Alexander Henderson: Canadian landscape photographer‘, Archivist (Ottawa), vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 6-7 [Δ
  
Guay, Louise, 1989, ‘Alexander Henderson, photographer‘, History of Photography, vol. 13, pp. 79-94 [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley, 1977-78, winter, ‘Alexander Henderson: Nineteenth-century Landscape Photographer‘, Archivaria (Ottawa), no. 5, pp. 45-53 [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley G., 1998-2013, Alexander Henderson [Dictionary of Canadaian Biography, Volume XIV (1911-1920), www.biographi.ca/en/bio.php?id_nbr=7437] [Δ
  
Humphrey Lloyd Hime 
  
Huyda, Richard J., 1975, Camera in the Interior: 1858, H.L. Hime, Photographer - The Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition, (Toronto: Coach House Press) [Δ
  
James Inglis 
  
Borthwick, John Douglas, 1875, Montreal, its history, to which is added biographical sketches, with photographs, of many of its prinicipal citizens, (Montreal: Drysdale and Co.) [Δ
  
Hannah Maynard 
  
Wilks, Claire Weissman, 1980, The Magic Box: The Eccentric Genius of Hannah Maynard - Photographer 1834-1918 Canada, (Exile Editions Ltd) isbn-10: 0920428347 [Δ
  
William Copeland McCalla 
  
McCalla, William Copeland, 1920, Wild Flowers of Western Canada, (Toronto: Musson Book Co) [With sixty plates from original photographs by the author] [Δ
  
Paul-Émile Miot 
  
Chomette, Michèle & Richard, Pierre-Marc, 1995, Paul-Émile Miot (1827-1900), un marin photographe 1857-1870, (Paris: Éditions Galerie Michèle Chomette) [A series of four booklets with the following titles: I. Terre-Neuve 1857-1859; II. Amérique du Sud 1868-1870; III. Océanie 1869-1870 et Sénégal 1871; IV. La croisade de l'Astrée 1868-1871 avec Félix Auguste Leclerc 1838-1899] [Δ
  
Tessier, Guy, 1995, ‘The Portfolio: Nineteenth-century French photographs of Newfoundland‘, The Archivist (National Archives of Canada), no. 108, pp. 5-12 [Includes eight photographs by Paul-Émile Miot] [Δ
  
Wilkshire, Michael & Penney, Gerard, 1991, Spring, ‘Five Micmac Photographs‘, Newfoundland Quarterly, vol. LXXXVI, no. 3, pp. 12-16 [Includes five photographs of Mi'kmaqs taken by Paul-Émile Miot and kept in the Musée de l'Homme, Paris] [Δ
  
William Notman 
  
Notman, William, 1860 [?], Victoria Bridge, Montreal, (Montreal) [Δ
  
Notman, William, 1863, Photographic selections, (Montreal) [Text by Thomas D. King. Includes 44 photographs of old masters and contemporary paintings and two of Notman's photographs "from nature"] [Δ
  
Notman, William, [1864], North American scenery . . . 1863–64, (Montreal) [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley & Harper, J. Russell, 1967, Portrait of a period: a collection of Notman photographs, 1856-1915, (Montreal: McGill University Press) [Introduction by Edgar Andrew Collard] [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley G., 1985, William Notman: The Stamp of a Studio, (Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario; Coach House Press) isbn-10: 088910283X [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley G., 1994, The Composite Photographs of William Notman, (Montreal: McCord Museum of Canadian History) isbn-10: 1895615089 [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley G.; Dodds, Gordon & Hall, Roger, 1993, Notman's World: The nineteenth century through a master lens, (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Inc.) isbn-10: 0771037732 [Published by David R. Godine Publisher Inc (USA)] [Δ
  
Triggs, Stanley; Graham, Conrad; Young, Brian & Lauzon, Gilles, 1992, Pont Victoria: un lien vital = Victoria Bridge: the vital link, (Montreal: McCord Museum of Canadian History) isbn-10: 1895615011 [Exhibition catalogue] [Δ
  
John Vanderpant 
  
Hill, Charles C., 1976, John Vanderpant: Photographs, (National Gallery of Canada) isbn-10: 088884333X isbn-13: 978-0888843333 [Δ
  
Margaret Watkins 
  
Pauli, Lori, 2012, Margaret Watkins: Domestic Symphonies, (National Gallery of Canada) isbn-10: 0888849036 isbn-13: 978-0888849038 [Introduction by Joseph Mulholland] [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  
 
  
Resources 
  
McCord Museum of Canadian History 
http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca 
690 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1E9, Canada. This museum has a large and well structured on-line image library. 
  
Camera Workers - The British Columbia, Alaska & Yukon Photographic Directory, 1858-1950 
http://members.shaw.ca ... 
Created and maintained by David Mattison this one of the great directories of local photographers on the Internet. 
  
Glenbow Museum 
http://ww2.glenbow.org ... 
130 — 9 Avenue S.E., Calgary, Alberta, T2G 0P3, Canada. The webpage explains that "The Archives Photographs Catalogue contains 80,000 historical photographs, illustrations, cartoons and posters documenting the people, landscape and development of the Canadian West from the 1870s to the 1970s." 
  
British Columbia Archives - Visual Records 
http://www.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca ... 
A vast resource with 132,000 images dealing with all aspects of British Columbia. 
  
Library and Archives Canada - photographs 
http://www.collectionscanada.ca ... 
The leading natonal resource for images of Canada. 
  
Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) 
http://www.rootsweb.com ... 
Photographer noted for his outdoor work in Canada, particularly Montreal in the second half of the nineteenth century. 
  
Photographs by Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) at Library and Archives Canada. 
http://data4.archives.ca ... 
  
 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Alexander Todd Anderson  (check) • Barbara Astman  (1950-) • George Barker  (1844-1894) • Pierre Boogaerts  (1946-) • Boorne & May • Eric Boutilier-Brown  (1969-) • Edward Burtynsky  (1955-) • Serge Clément  (1950-) • Donigan Cumming  (1947-) • Edouard Deville  (1849-1924) • Thomas Coffin Doane  (1814-1896) • Stan Douglas  (1960-) • Olive Edis  (1876-1955) • Isaac Erb  (check) • Evergon  (1946-) • George Robinson Fardon  (1807-1886) • Charles Gimpel  (1912-1973) • Alexander Henderson  (1831-1913) • Humphrey Lloyd Hime  (1833-1903) • William Horeis  (1945-) • James Inglis  (1835-1904) • Geoffrey James  (1942-) • Clifford Johnston • Yousuf Karsh  (1908-2002) • Harold Kells  (1904-1986) • A.P. Low  (1861-1942) • Andrzej Maciejewski  (1959-) • Arnaud Maggs  (1926-2012) • Hannah Maynard  (1834-1918) • William Copeland McCalla  (1872-1962) • Paul-Émile Miot  (1827-1900) • Michael Mitchell  (1943-) • William Notman  (1826-1891) • William McFarlane Notman  (1858-1913) • Notman & Fraser • Wm. Notman & Son • Freeman Patterson  (1937-) • Hugh Lee Pattinson • Peter Pitseolak  (1902-1973) • Joseph S. Rogers  (check) • Michael Snow  (1929-) • Gabor Szilasi  (1928-) • Sam Tata  (1911-) • William James Topley  (check) • Jeff Wall  (1946-) • Margaret Watkins  (1884-1969)
HomeGeographical regionsNorth and Central America > Canada 
 
A wider gazeRelated topics 
  
Daguerreotypists - Canada 
Landscapes of North America 
 
  

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Canada

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
ThumbnailDocumentary: 19th Century William Notman and the Victoria Bridge, Montreal, QC, Canada (1858-1860) 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (August 23, 2010)
ThumbnailNative Americans 1840-1920 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (May 20, 2012)
ThumbnailSteven Evans: Still Life 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (October 23, 2007)
ThumbnailSusan Ressler: At Owner's Risk - My Journey Among The Algonquian 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (August 12, 2007)
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > Canada

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailAlexander Henderson: Canadian landscapes 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailFrederic S. Cozzens: Acadia - or, A Month with the Blue Noses 
ThumbnailHugh Lee Pattinson: Niagara Falls 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailHumphrey Lloyd Hime: Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition (1857-1858) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJohn Vanderpant: Canadian Modernism 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJoseph Burr Tyrell: Expedition to the barren lands - Geological Survey (1893) 
ThumbnailNotman & Fraser: Portrait of a seated lady 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailPaul-Émile Miot: Mik'maq (Micmac) 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailPaul-Émile Miot: Newfoundland and Cape Breton 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam James Topley: Canadian landscapes 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam James Topley: Hunting and fishing in Canada 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam James Topley: No. 11773 East Wing, Departmental Buildings, Ottawa, from Houses of Parliament 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam Notman and related studios 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam Notman: Canadian town and landscape scenery: an album of photographs 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam Notman: Photomontages 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam Notman: Portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWilliam Notman: Victoria Bridge, Montreal, QC 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailWm. Notman & Son: William Bennett Bond, first Anglican Archbishop of Montreal 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailZybach & Co.: Undaunted by the Waves 
 
 
  
   Connections 
  
ThumbnailOtto Reinhold Jacobi - William Notman - Ellison & Co. 
 
 
  
   Geography 
  
ThumbnailCanada 
 
 
  
   Ethnic groups and races 
  
ThumbnailAcadians 
ThumbnailInuit 
 
  
Refreshed: 18 September 2014, 07:24
 
  
 
  
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