Luminous-Lint - for collectors and connoisseurs of fine photography   
HOME  BACKFREE NEWSLETTER

Getting around

 

HomeWhat's NewContentsVisual IndexesOnline ExhibitionsPhotographersGalleries and DealersThemes
AbstractEroticaFashionLandscapeNaturePhotojournalismPhotomontagePictorialismPortraitScientificStill lifeStreetWar
CalendarsTimelinesTechniquesLibraryImages and WordsSupport 
 

HomeContentsThemes > Carte de visite

Contents

Information requests
10025.01   Improving content on photographic techniques
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri
10025.02   André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri: The innovation of the carte de visite
10025.03   André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri: Uncut carte de visite sheets
Card stock
10025.04   The card stock used for carte de visites
Fronts - Portraits
10025.05   Introduction to carte de visite portraits
10025.06   Carte de visites: Celebrities
10025.07   Carte de visites: Politicians
10025.08   Carte de visites: French royalty
10025.09   Carte de visites: British royalty
10025.10   Carte de visites: Occupations and roles
10025.11   Carte de visites: Military
10025.12   Carte de visites: Ethnic and traditional costumes
10025.13   Carte de visites: Post-mortem portraits
Fronts - Objects
10025.14   Carte de visites: Objects
Fronts - Maps
10025.15   Carte de visites: Maps
Fronts - Advertising
10025.16   Carte de visites: Advertising
10025.17   Carte de visites: Advertising for photographers
10025.18   Ranger & Austen: Clairvoyant Medical Examinations - Buffum & Cleveland
Fronts - Places
10025.19   Carte de visites: Places and landscapes
Uses of carte de visites
10025.20   J.E. Mayall: Use of carte de visites to support police investigations
10025.21   Contemporary uses of carte de visites for employment
Fronts - Memorials
10025.22   Carte de visites: Memorial portraits
Fronts - Manipulated
10025.23   Painted carte de visites
10025.24   Carte de visites: Multiple exposures
10025.25   Carte de visites: Photomontage
10025.26   C.W. Applegreen creates a composite photograph
Etiquette
10025.27   Carte de visites: Etiquette
Cameras
10025.28   Carte de visite cameras
10025.29   A contemporary thought on the properties, accessories and novelties used in 19th studios
Backs
10025.30   Carte de visites: Backs: Additional products
10025.31   Carte de visites: Backs: Change of business ownership
10025.32   Carte de visites: Backs: Diverse occupations
10025.33   Carte de visites: Backs: Product promotion
10025.34   Carte de visites: Backs: Whimsy
10025.35   Carte de visites: Backs: Women photographers
Backs - Studios
10025.36   Carte de visites: Backs: Photographic studios
10025.37   Carte de visites: Backs: Photograph cars
Backs - Patronage and awards
10025.38   Carte de visites: Backs: Royal patronage
10025.39   Carte de visites: Backs: Awards
Backs - Services
10025.40   Carte de visites: Backs: Negatives preserved, copies made and enlargements
10025.41   Carte de visites: Backs: Teaching available
10025.42   Carte de visites: Backs: Elevator available
Backs - Motifs
10025.43   Carte de visites: Backs: Catalogue pages
10025.44   Carte de visites: Backs: Shared graphic motif
10025.45   Carte de visites: Backs: Landscapes
10025.46   Carte de visites: Backs: Belt buckle
10025.47   Carte de visites: Backs: Transportation
10025.48   Carte de visites: Backs: Egyptian motifs
10025.49   Carte de visites: Backs: Graphics that place photography with the arts
Tissue covers
10025.50   Tissue covers
Frames
10025.51   Photograph frames for carte de visites
Albums
10025.52   Carte de visite and cabinet card photograph albums
10025.53   Directions for inserting cards into carte de visite albums
10025.54   Examples of the first cards in carte de visite albums
This theme includes example sections and will be revised and added to as we proceed. Suggestions for additions, improvements and the correction of factual errors are always appreciated.
 
  
Information requests 
  
10025.01   Card photographs >  Improving content on photographic techniques 
  
We are seeking to expand the themes covering photographic techniques and processes. These sections will include:
  • Invention of the process
     
  • Any related patents
     
  • Trade literature
     
  • Contemporary advertisements and announcements of the innovation
     
  • A description of the process and its variants
     
  • Historical examples and details of where examples can be located in public collections
     
  • Contemporary examples by photographers using the exact process.
Conservation will not initially be included but may be in the future if required.
 
  
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri 
  
10025.02   Card photographs >  André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri: The innovation of the carte de visite 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri became for a time one of the most commercially successful photographers of the nineteenth century. The existing photographic forms of the metal sheet daguerreotype and glass ambrotype were relatively expensive and difficult to copy but when the wet plate collodion process became available producing albumen prints the costs went down rapidly and multiple copies could be easily made. Disdéri saw the opportunity of making multiple photographs, mostly portraits, and affixing the fragile paper prints to a robust card of a standardized size.[1] The purchaser could give these cards as gifts to their friends and acquaintances or use them as or business cards for colleagues and potential customers.
 
Disdéri patented on 27 November 1854 a method for taking multiple small (101mm x 63mm) card photographs - carte de visite.[2] In the original patent he proposed taking ten photographs on a single sheet that could then be cut an mounted on cards. Some uncut carte devisite sheets by Disdéri survive and these show eight individual images. By using a camera with multiple lenses that could be covered or open it was possible to take eight similar images or a variety of different ones as required.
 
These were an immediate craze and widely collected and to accomodate and display them the first photograph albums became available.[3] Photographs of celebrities, actors, politicians and royalty sold in the tens of thousands and are still widely available. The carte de visite was primarily used for portraits, less common are landscapes and events - having said this any collector will point out the bewildering variety of subjects and their quirky humour.
 
The cards could be printed, stamped or written on and this means that the studios and photographers can frequently be ascertained allowing regional listings of those involved to be compiled along with graphical typologies.[4] With photographs using a metallic base material such as Daguerreotypes and Tintypes compiling lists is usually done from trade directories, adverts and contemporary publications. 
  
   Andre Adolphe-Eugene  Disderi 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
10025.03   Card photographs >  André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri: Uncut carte de visite sheets 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
The cameras employed for taking carte de visite often had multiple lenses and by selectively uncovering the lens multiple copies of the same pose or different poses on the same plate could be taken allowing the sitter to select the ones required for printing. After the photograph was taken the wet collodion plate was developed and printed onto a paper sheet using the albumen print process and for André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri[5] examples of these uncut sheets survive. These sheets were used in sample books and on sample boards to allow purchasers to select poses, buy additional prints of their own portrait or those of subjects of interest. 
  
  Andre Adolphe-Eugene  Disderi 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Carte de visite Uncut Sheets 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
Card stock 
  
10025.04   Card photographs >  The card stock used for carte de visites 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Adverts for card stock manufacturers 
  
Companies such as A.H. Baldwin and A.M. Collins, Son & Co. in the USA specialized in the manufacture of card stock for carte de visites and supply companies such as E. & H.T. Anthony & Co. supplied printed card stock for photographers.
 
The back of the card of A.H. Baldwin reads:
  This kind of card, light or dark buff not printed, $2.25 per 1000, or 2.75 if Round Corners. All the higher grades of cards printed in this style, $1.00 per 1000. Printed without the cut, 75 cents per 1000.
    ANDREW H. BALDWIN,
      No. 1 Chambers Street,
Cor. Chatham & Duane,  NEW YORK.[6]
 
  
Fronts - Portraits 
  
10025.05   Card photographs >  Introduction to carte de visite portraits 
  
Charles Dickens understood the stereotypical carte de visite portraits of his time:
I think that a man anxious to obey the precept "Know thyself," might gather much intimate self-acquaintance if he had his carte de visite taken at least once a month—with a life-sized photograph once a year. He should keep the collection, not for public exhibition, but for private contemplation. He should muse over his multiplied effigies, and write marginal notes in the album where they are enshrined. Let there be no touching up, no smoothing away of furrows, no darkening of hair and whiskers. Let him insist on having the real, raw, untampered with, photographs. And, when he winds his way to the operator's studio, let him go in his ordinary costume—unkempt, if it be his custom not to brush his hair—shabby, if he be usually averse from sacrificing to the graces. When he sits or stands, let him assume his natural attitude—or no attitude; which is the most natural one of all. Let him sternly repudiate the traditional book, or pencil, or scroll, and kick away the carefully draped table, the eternal arm-chair, the scene-painted columns, curtain, and balustrade—all the hackneyed "properties" of the photographer. The picture of a man with a wall behind him, is all he needs.[7]
 
  
10025.06   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Celebrities 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 16 slides to load.) 
  
The standardized size of the carte de visite and its robust card-based format allowed for the first photograph albums that encouraged, indeed forced, a display on the pre-cut pages. All previous paper-based forms could be pasted into scrapbooks but carte de visite encouraged the creation of visual family histories and the collection of celebrities. Just as with earlier daguerreotypes of celebrities a similar range of personalities is shown.
 
Abraham Lincoln was collected and so was actor John Wilkes Booth who would assassinate him in Ford's Theatre in 1865.  
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Abraham Lincoln 
  
 
  
Thumbnail  
Mrs Lincoln & the Ghost of a Spirit [Spirit photograph] 
  
 
  
Thumbnail  
John Wilkes Booth 
  
British Prime Ministers William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli have the rigid poses that remind one of busts and full length sculptures.  
  
Thumbnail  
British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898) 
  
 
  
Thumbnail  
British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield (1804-1881) 
  
In an age of the printed word authors and poets were popular and Alfred Tennyson, Henry Wordsworth Longfellow, Charles Dickens, Washington Irving and Hans Christian Andersen are all found on carte de visites.  
  
Thumbnail  
Lord Alfred Tennyson 
  
 
  
Thumbnail  
Charles Dickens 
  
The nineteenth century was the age of colonial empires and explorers such as Henry Morton Stanley led expeditions into Africa that would result in King Leopold's brutal control of the Congo.  
  
Thumbnail  
Henry Morton Stanley 
  
Carte de visite portraits of celebrities were collected like the cigarette cards, bubble-gum cards and sports cards that would follow. Vast numbers of carte de visite of celebrities were produced and a contemporary account from March 1862 hints at the scale of the craze:
The commercial value of the human face was never tested to such an extent as it is at the present moment in these handy photographs. No man, or woman either, knows but that some accident may elevate them to the position of the hero of the hour and send up the value of their countenances to a degree they never dreamed of.... a new source of income has been opened to first-rate photographers, besides the profit arising from taking portraits. A wholesale trade has sprung up with amazing rapidity, and to obtain a good sitter, and his permission to sell his carte de visite, is in itself an annuity to a man…. The public is little aware of the enormous sale of the cartes de visite of celebrated persons. An order will be given by a wholesale house for 10,000 of one individual—thus 400 pounds will be put into the lucky photographer’s pocket who happens to possess the negative… the Royal Family. Her Majesty’s portrait, which Mr. Mayall alone has taken, sell by the 100,000. …the Prince consort…no less than 70,000 ordered from the house of Marion & Co., of Regent street. This house is by far the greatest dealer in cartes de visite in the country.[8]
By owning a carte de visite of Kit Carson or Admiral Dot one's association with celebrity was brought closer in much the same way that friending a celebrity on Facebook does today. It is a symbol of a real or imagined relationship. 
  
   Carte de visite Celebrities 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
10025.07   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Politicians 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.08   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: French royalty 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
   Carte de visite Royalty 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
10025.09   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: British royalty 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 16 slides to load.) 
  
Albumen carte de visite prints of the British Royal Family. 
  
   Carte de visite Royalty 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
10025.10   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Occupations and roles 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 24 slides to load.) 
  
One of the most interesting areas of collecting is that of occupationals and that is because of the personal associations of collectors but also the range of portraits available. Divers, gondoliers, wheelwrights, firemen and traditional healers are all recorded. In each portrait the profession of the person can be determined by clothing, tools or less frequently by the setting. Most occupationals, but far from all, were taken within a photographer's studio with occasionally bizarre results for example in Frederick I. Meryman, Bay State Submarine and Wrecking Co., Boston, Mass. a fully clad deep-sea diver stands on a decorative flooring with a clearly visible skirting board. In another The Seven Heads of the Greek Brigands the decapitated heads are displayed hanging by their hair from a wall. 
  
   Carte de visite Occupational 
View exhibition 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
 
  
10025.11   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Military 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 17 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
10025.12   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Ethnic and traditional costumes 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 27 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
10025.13   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Post-mortem portraits 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Fronts - Objects 
  
10025.14   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Objects 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 25 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
Fronts - Maps 
  
10025.15   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Maps 
  
Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Fronts - Advertising 
  
10025.16   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Advertising 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 22 slides to load.) 
  
For many photographers there are sets of backmarks on carte de visites[9][10] and cabinet cards that provide temporal series on the different studios of photographers. A combination of these with information from trade directories and adverts in newspapers and other publications create timelines for individual photographers.  
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Samuel A. Cooley: Backmarks 
  
 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Pascal Sebah: Backmarks  
  
 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Hungarian photography studios 
  
 
  
10025.17   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Advertising for photographers 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (1819-1889)[11] was a French photographer who in November 1854 took out a patent for carte de visite.[12] By affixing albumen prints to cards of a set size he created the first standardized format that was suitable for mass production and dissemination. Carte de visites became a worldwide craze from the 1850s onwards and allowed for the first photograph albums as distinct from scrapbooks. In societies where giving cards to acquaintances and business associates was common the addition of a photograph was a visual reminder that encouraged reciprocity. Disdéri himself took numerous self-portraits that he used to promote his own business.  
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
  
Photographers making carte de visites appreciated they could also take advantage of the opportunities for a visual business cards. The cards photographers created were basically of two types the cards showing the range of equipment the photographer had available for use or sale, as the cases of Richard Walzl (Baltimore) and Carlier, and the other was using a collage of photographs showing images for sale. 
  
10025.18   Card photographs >  Ranger & Austen: Clairvoyant Medical Examinations - Buffum & Cleveland 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
Send lock of hair and $1.00, with name, age and residence, plainly written, and receive by mail complete diagnosis of disease and advice concerning treatment.
 
Address
Buffum & Cleveland,
Syracuse, N.Y.
 
N.B. - The Photograph on the reverse is of Dr. C.T. Buffum, taken while entranced, and showing the controlling power, RED JACKET. 
  
Fronts - Places 
  
10025.19   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Places and landscapes 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 28 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
Uses of carte de visites 
  
10025.20   Card photographs >  J.E. Mayall: Use of carte de visites to support police investigations 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
  
Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
Contemporary accounts from the nineteenth century reported on how photographs could assist in criminal investigations
The universality of the carte-de-visite portrait has had the effect of making the public thoroughly acquainted with all its remarkable men. We know their personality long before we see them. Even the cartes de visite of comparatively unknown persons so completely picture their appearance, that when we meet the originals we seem to have some acquaintance with them. "I know that face, somehow," is the instinctive cogitation, and then we recall the portrait we have a day or two past seen in the windows. As we all know, the value of the photographic portrait has long been understood by the police, and known thieves have the honour of a picture-gallery of their own in Scotland Yard, to which we shall refer in some future paper; but the photograph is also useful for rogues as yet uncaptured and uncondemned. Thus, when Redpath absconded, it was immediately suspected that a negative of him must be lodged at some of our photographers. The inquiry was made, and one of them was found in Mr. Mayall's possession. An order was given for a supply to the detective force, and through its instrumentality the delinquent, though much disguised, was arrested on board a steamer sailing from some port in the North of Europe.[13]
 
  
10025.21   Card photographs >  Contemporary uses of carte de visites for employment 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
The popularity and declining costs of carte de visite[14] brought them within reach of the lower classes in a way that no other photographic type had really done up to that point. There are many photographers who took portraits or studies of the working class but it was the photographer who controlled what was taken, how posed, and where it would be shown or marketed. The subject rarely had a say it it. With the carte de visite it was the sitter who commissioned the portrait, could possibly have a say in the pose, took away the finished photograph and distributed them as required. This meant that for the first time it became possible for an employer to ask for a photograph to accompany a job application and we can find examples of this including:
 
Temperance agent (1870):
TEMPERANCE AGENT WANTED. - The Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire Abstainers' Union wish to engage an Agent, qualified to advocate Abstinence principles, in their varied aspects and applications, by means of Lectures, Sermons, Visiting, &c. Salary, £130 sterling per annum. - Application, with testimonials and carte de visite, must be lodged, on or before, 16th February, 1870, with James Rodgers, Hon. Sec., 127, High-street, Dumfries.[15] 
  
Thumbnail  
  
Medical Officer (1886):
Wanted, Medical Officer for the Hartlepools Friendly Societies Medical Association; must be fully qualified. - Apply, giving age and references, and enclosing carte-de-visite and testimonials, to T. Tweddell, Reed-street, West Hartlepool.[16]  
  
Thumbnail  
  
Tuner and canvasser (1889):
TUNER and CANVASSER. Gentlemanly young man, with experience, WANTED, for the Country. Enclose carte-de-visite. State wages and references. H. Jackson, Messrs. Novello, Ewer and Co., 1, Berners Street, W.[17]  
  
Thumbnail  
  
 
  
Fronts - Memorials 
  
10025.22   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Memorial portraits 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Fronts - Manipulated 
  
10025.23   Card photographs >  Painted carte de visites 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 34 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
10025.24   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Multiple exposures 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 17 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
10025.25   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Photomontage 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 25 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
10025.26   Card photographs >  C.W. Applegreen creates a composite photograph 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
This rare carte de visite series shows photographer C.W. Applegreen preparing a composite photograph along with the fruit of his labour. 
  
Etiquette 
  
10025.27   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Etiquette 
  
Duffey, E.B., 1877, The Ladies' and Gentlemen's Etiquette: A Complete Manual of the Manners and Dress of American Society (Philadelphia: Porter and Coates), p. 175
No person of taste will display his or her photograph upon a carte de visite
 
  
Cameras 
  
10025.28   Card photographs >  Carte de visite cameras 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.29   Card photographs >  A contemporary thought on the properties, accessories and novelties used in 19th studios 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
A piece in the 1862 The Photographic Journal being the Journal of the Photographic Society captured the difficulty with the selection of studio props:
There is always too much of the studio in these carte de visite portraits. We do not merely refer to the extraordinary backgrounds which some of these operators employ. Why a respectable old lady is to be represented as sitting without her bonnet in a chair placed upon a Brussels carpet in the middle of a terraced garden, is always very perplexing; and it is equally difficult to understand what the foundation can be for the theory, which seems to have possessed the minds of several of the photographers, that the middle-aged men of England generally spend their lives leaning against a Corinthian pillar, with a heavy curtain flapping about their legs, turning their backs to a magnificent view, and obviously standing in a frightful thorough draught.[18]
The point is well made and the situation becomes increasingly bizarre when the symbols of western civilization, such as Greek columns, were used as studio props around the world and we see Krooboys / Cabindas resting on a column[19], an anthropological Portrait of Two Men, Ainu from Saghelieu, Both in Costume, One with Earring in front of an inappropriate western painted studio background[20] and a semi-naked Aboriginal group photographed by Courret Hermanos posed in front of a background of a western house interior complete with that "heavy curtain".[21]  
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
  
 
  
Backs 
  
10025.30   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Additional products 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
The back of a carte de visite offered marketing opportunities for the photographer or publisher to promote additional products and services. On the reverse of a carte of The Bass Rock in Scotland George Washington Wilson provided a description of other "views of Scottish scenery", the locations photographed, sizes, formats and that they were available as "Souvenirs and Gift books".
Established 20 Years
G.W. Wilson
Landscape Photographer
24 Crown St,
Aberdeen
 
Card, Stereoscopic, Cabinet
and other sizes of views of Scottish scenery sold by all the leading booksellers, and the principal Railway book stalls in Scotland.
Sets of views of Edinburgh, Trossachs, Melrose, Abbotsford, Stirling, Dunkeld, Balmoral, Staffa & Iona, Glencoe, Skye etc. in Green cloth covers for Souvenirs and Gift books.
Book illustrations in Permanent Heliotype[22]
In this short passage he also provides information that his photographs can be purchased at "leading booksellers, and the principal Railway book stalls in Scotland." highlighting that they are widely available and a part of a burgeoning tourist market.
 
On other cards such as one by C. Duhem & Bro., Photographic Artists of Larimer St., Denver, Colorado, they claimed:
We have constantly on hand a large assortment of Photo Albums, Fancy Frames, and beautiful Ambrotype Cases; also Photographs on Porcelain.[23]
Many photographers highlighted significant series that they had available. David F. Barry of West Superior, Wisconsin had:
Photographs of All Noted Indians,
Catalogues Mailed on Application[24]
J.G. Vail of Geneva, N.Y. offered "Photographs of all sizes taken and finished in India Ink, Oil or Water Colors" and the "Old Pictures copied to any size".[25] On the cards of William Friese-Greene he gave tuition on photography and would photograph your lawn tennis club along with numerous other services.[26] The back of the carte de visite was where the photographer could enhance their business opportunities and they did it with enthusiasm taking advantage of local opportunities. On the carte de visites of Mountford he stated that he had "A large assortment of Views of the Ruins, suitable for Mailing, constantly on hand." seeing the devastation of the Chicago fire as topical.[27] 
  
10025.31   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Change of business ownership 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.32   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Diverse occupations 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.33   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Product promotion 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.34   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Whimsy 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.35   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Women photographers 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Backs - Studios 
  
10025.36   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Photographic studios 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.37   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Photograph cars 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Backs - Patronage and awards 
  
10025.38   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Royal patronage 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.39   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Awards 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Backs - Services 
  
10025.40   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Negatives preserved, copies made and enlargements 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.41   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Teaching available 
  
Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.42   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Elevator available 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
In the early days of light within the studio was essential and this was usually achieved by having the studio on the top floor of the building with glass skylights and blinds for control. Needed to ascend flights of stairs was a necessary requirement but it also discouraged customers. The Otis Elevator Company was founded in Yonkers, New York, in 1853[28] which is interestingly the year before André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri took out his patent for the carte de visite in France. Before elevators the height of a building was limited by the number of stairs a person was willing to climb. As ever taller buildings with elevators became available this offered canny photographers a marketing advantage and so the backs of carte de visite highlighted this. 
  
Backs - Motifs 
  
10025.43   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Catalogue pages 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
Printers had stock designs that could be printed on the fronts and backs of carte de visite and some examples of their catalogues have survived. The analysis of the graphic elements is still relatively new and Mark Chalabala's book American Backmark: The Art and Artistry of the Carte de Visite Imprint 1860-1890 (2013) is a useful guide.[29] carte de visite were a global phenomena and so regional analysis still needs to be carried out. 
  
10025.44   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Shared graphic motif 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.45   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Landscapes 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.46   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Belt buckle 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.47   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Transportation 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.48   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Egyptian motifs 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
10025.49   Card photographs >  Carte de visites: Backs: Graphics that place photography with the arts 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
Carte de visite[30] were photographs mounted on to card and this allowed the photographer a means of marketing their studio with logos, names and addresses within a small area beaneath the image if the image was a portrait mode and on the back of the card.[31] The entire back of the card ("backmarks") was limited only by the technical abilities of the printer and the imagination and requirtements of the photographer. As photography was viewed as a technical process performed by operators some photographers wanted to provide a direct linkage to the visual arts, particularly painting, and this was done through the symbols of easels, palettes, paint brushes and the wording selected such as "Photographer artist". Photographic studios offered artistic additional services including "portraits in crayon" or "photographs of all sizes taken and finished in India Ink, Oil or Water Colors". 
  
Tissue covers 
  
10025.50   Card photographs >  Tissue covers 
  
Tissue covers were sold by supply houses and manufacturers to protect the photographic surface of carte de visites and the larger cabinet cards. In England the Percy Lund & Co, "Price list of consumables for the professional photographer"(December 1897) included:
Tissue covers carte de visite white 4d per 1000, pink 9d per 1000. Cabinet white 9d per 1000, pink 1/- per 1000[32]
 
  
Frames 
  
10025.51   Card photographs >  Photograph frames for carte de visites 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
 
  
Albums 
  
10025.52   Card photographs >  Carte de visite and cabinet card photograph albums 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow (Be patient as this has 63 slides to load.) 
  
 
  
10025.53   Card photographs >  Directions for inserting cards into carte de visite albums 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
When carte de visite were new on the market directions were provided on how to place them in albums and this rare card is an example of that.
Directions
 
Be careful to cut the Photographs to the exact size and shape of THIS CARD, so as to correspond with the space cut out to receive them.
 
Should they be too long, they will swell one end of the Album and prevent it from clasping. To facilitate their removal, insert a paper cutter or broad bladed knife beneath the Card, so as to raise the lower edge, grasp them both with the thumb and fore-finger and withdraw the Card and knife at the same time.
It was probably an album of carte de visites or cabinet cards that Anna Karénina is looking at and having difficulty in removing a photograph from the great novel by Leo Tolstoy:
Anna opened a locket containing Serozha's picture at the same age as his sister; then, taking off her hat, she looked in an album for other pictures of him taken at different periods; she wanted to compare them, and she took them all out of the album. One was left, the last, the best photograph of him. It represented Serozha astride a chair, in a white frock, a smile on his lips, and a shadow in his eyes; it was a perfect likeness of his best expression. Holding the album in her little deft hands, which to-day moved with extraordinary effort, she tried with her slender white fingers to take it from its place; but the photograph stuck, and she could not get at it. There was no papercutter on the table, and she took up another photograph at random to push out the card from its place.[33]
 
  
10025.54   Card photographs >  Examples of the first cards in carte de visite albums 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail Thumbnail  
Slideshow 
  
To encourage reciprocity in the giving of carte de visite special cards were produced to be inserted into albums often as the first or last card where the wording requested that the person viewing the album should not fail in their duty to present a card for inclusion. Examples of these cards include.
Yes here is my album,
But learn ere you look
That all are expected
To add to my book.
You are welcome to quiz it
The penalty is -
You add your own portrait
For others to quiz.
 
  
Thumbnail  
  
Should Auld Acquaintance Be Forgot.
And Never Brought To Mind?
While I've An Album To Contain
The Friends of "Auld Lang Syne".
Then Gie's Ye're "Carte"
My Trusty Friend,
And Here's A "Carte" O' Mine.
We'll Fill Our Albums To The End
Wi' The Friends
Of "Auld Lang Syne".
 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
  
Hail to the photographic art!
Which such pure pleasure can impart
Depicting on the album's page,
From babyhood to hoary age,
The forms which our best love engae.
Hail science, hail inventive mind!
With happy skill all this combined,
To furnish forth a pure delight,
Aiding the mem'ry through the sight,
And bringing cherish'd forms to light.
 
  
Thumbnail  
  
Or the rather more straight forward German version
 
Bitte Bitte dein Bild [Please please your picture].
 
  
Thumbnail  
  
 
  
 
  

Footnotes 
  
  1. Λ Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  2. Λ William Culp Darrah, 1981, Cartes De Visite In Nineteenth Century Photography, (Gettysburg, Pa.: William C. Darrah); Thomas Harris, 2013, ‘The Mighty, Yet Diminutive, Carte de Visite‘, in Bryan & Page Ginns, 2013, Antique Photographica: The Collector's Vision (Schiffer), pp. 100-120; Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  3. Λ Andrea Volpe, 6 August 2013, "The Cartes de Visite Craze", The New York Times - Opionionator
    (Accessed: 6 August 2013)
    opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/08/06/the-cartes-de-visite-craze 
      
  4. Λ Mark S. Chalabala, 2013, American Backmark: The Art and Artistry of the Carte de Visite Imprint 1860-1890, (Privately printed) 
      
  5. Λ Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  6. Λ In the Isenburg Collection at the Archive of Modern Conflict (AMC) in Toronto there is a rare carte de visite with an advertisement for Andrew H. Baldwin a supplier of card stock. 
      
  7. Λ Charles Dickens, 20 June 1863, "The Philosophy of Yourself", All the Year Round, no. 217, pp. 392-393 
      
  8. Λ A. Wynter, 1 March 1862, "Cartes-de-Visite.", Saturday Evening Post, p. 3. [From Once a Week]. 
      
  9. Λ William Culp Darrah, 1981, Cartes De Visite In Nineteenth Century Photography, (Gettysburg, Pa.: William C. Darrah); Thomas Harris, 2013, ‘The Mighty, Yet Diminutive, Carte de Visite‘, in Bryan & Page Ginns, 2013, Antique Photographica: The Collector's Vision (Schiffer), pp. 100-120; Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  10. Λ Mark S. Chalabala, 2013, American Backmark: The Art and Artistry of the Carte de Visite Imprint 1860-1890, (Privately printed) 
      
  11. Λ Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  12. Λ William Culp Darrah, 1981, Cartes De Visite In Nineteenth Century Photography, (Gettysburg, Pa.: William C. Darrah); Thomas Harris, 2013, ‘The Mighty, Yet Diminutive, Carte de Visite‘, in Bryan & Page Ginns, 2013, Antique Photographica: The Collector's Vision (Schiffer), pp. 100-120; Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  13. Λ The article "Cartes de Visite" was also published in Once a Week, Volume 6, Jan 25, 1862, pp. 134-137 and in The Living Age, Volume 72, 1862, p. 676
     
    It was also published in - Andrew Wynter, 1869, Subtle brains and lissom fingers: Being some of the chisel-marks of our Industrial and Scientific Progress. And Other Papers, (Third edition, London: Robert Hardwicke), pp. 310-311 
      
  14. Λ William Culp Darrah, 1981, Cartes De Visite In Nineteenth Century Photography, (Gettysburg, Pa.: William C. Darrah); Thomas Harris, 2013, ‘The Mighty, Yet Diminutive, Carte de Visite‘, in Bryan & Page Ginns, 2013, Antique Photographica: The Collector's Vision (Schiffer), pp. 100-120; Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  15. Λ The Temperance Record: The Organ of the National Temperance League, no. 723, February 5, 1870, p. 71. 
      
  16. Λ The Lancet, The Lancet General Advertiser, August 28, 1886, p. 42. 
      
  17. Λ The Musical Times, October 1, 1889, p. 581. 
      
  18. Λ 15 December 1862,"Cartes de Visite of Celebrities", The Photographic Journal being the Journal of the Photographic Society, no. 128, p. 188 
      
  19. Λ José Agusto da Cunha Moraes, Krooboys / Cabindas, [Africa Occidental Album Photographico - Litterario por C. Moraes S, Ferreira], 1880 (ca), Albumen print, Private collection of Manuel Magalhaes 
      
  20. Λ Bronislaw Pilsudski, "Portrait of Two Men, Ainu from Saghelieu, Both in Costume, One with Earring", 1909, Photographic print, 5 x 6 ins (image) 8 x 10 ins (mount), National Museum of Natural History, Image ID: NAA INV 07034900 
      
  21. Λ Courret Hermanos, "An Aboriginal group", 1868 (ca), Carte de visite, National Library of Australia, nla.pic-vn3510476 
      
  22. Λ Collection of Michael G. Jacob 
      
  23. Λ Private collection of Alan Griffiths 
      
  24. Λ Newberry Library, Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection, Call Number: AP 628, Box 39 
      
  25. Λ Courtesy of Anthony Davis - Antiq-photo / Rainbow creations (www.19cPhoto.com) 
      
  26. Λ Private collection of John Toohey 
      
  27. Λ Private collection of Alan Griffiths 
      
  28. Λ Otis - A Visual Timeline
    (Accessed: 30 March 2014)
    www.otisworldwide.com/d31-timeline.html 
      
  29. Λ Mark S. Chalabala, 2013, American Backmark: The Art and Artistry of the Carte de Visite Imprint 1860-1890, (Privately printed) 
      
  30. Λ William Culp Darrah, 1981, Cartes De Visite In Nineteenth Century Photography, (Gettysburg, Pa.: William C. Darrah); Thomas Harris, 2013, ‘The Mighty, Yet Diminutive, Carte de Visite‘, in Bryan & Page Ginns, 2013, Antique Photographica: The Collector's Vision (Schiffer), pp. 100-120; Elizabeth Anne McCauley, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) 
      
  31. Λ Mark S. Chalabala, 2013, American Backmark: The Art and Artistry of the Carte de Visite Imprint 1860-1890, (Privately printed) 
      
  32. Λ "Price list of consumables for the professional photographer", December 1887, The Photographers World
    Percy Lund & Co, Bradford, England
    (Accessed: 2 January 2014)
    sites.google.com/site/leedsandbradfordstudios/home/percy-lund
     
    This item was brought to my attention by Michael Hocken in a reply to a question raised by Tony Rackstraw on the "British photographic history" website
    britishphotohistory.ning.com (2 January 2014) 
      
  33. Λ Leo Tolstoy, 1886, Anna Karénina, (T.Y. Crowell & Company), ch. XXXI, p. 541. Translated by Nathan Haskell Dole. 
      

alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  

HomeContents > Further research

 
  
Thumbnail Thumbnail  
  
General reading 
  
Boyd, T., 2000, Portraits in Sepia. From the Japanese Carte de Visite Collection of Torin Boyd and Naomi Izakura, (Tokyo: Izakura & Boyd) [Δ
  
Chalabala, Mark S., 2013, American Backmark: The Art and Artistry of the Carte de Visite Imprint 1860-1890, (Privately printed) [Δ
  
Darrah, William Culp, 1981, Cartes De Visite In Nineteenth Century Photography, (Gettysburg, Pa.: William C. Darrah) [Δ
  
Hannavy, John, 1997, Victorian Photographers at Work, (Risborough: Shire Publications Ltd) [Δ
  
Harris, Thomas, 2013, ‘The Mighty, Yet Diminutive, Carte de Visite‘, in Bryan Ginns & Page Ginns, 2013, Antique Photographica: The Collector's Vision (Schiffer), pp. 100-120 [Δ
  
Lansdell, Avril, 1985, Fashion à la Carte 1860-1900, (London: Shire Publications) [Δ
  
Mathews, Oliver, 1974, The Album of Carte-de-visite and Cabinet Portrait Photographs 1854–1914, (London: Reedminster Publications, Ltd) [Δ
  
McCauley, Elizabeth Anne, 1985, A. A. E. Disderi and the Carte de Visite Portrait, (New Haven: Yale) [Δ
  
Thomas, G., 1984, ‘Indian Courtesans in Cartes-de-Visite‘, History of Photography, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 83-88 [Δ
  
Wichard, Robin & Wichard, Carol, 1999, Victorian Cartes de Visite, (Shire;) isbn-10: 0747804338 isbn-13: 978-0747804338 [Δ
  
 
  
Readings on, or by, individual photographers 
  
Hermann Krone 
  
Hesse, Wolfgang, 1998, Hermann Krone: Historisches Lehrmuseum Für Photographie. Experiment, Kunst, Massenmedium, (Dresden: Verlag der Kunst) [Δ
  
Bohumil Stepán 
  
Stepán, Bohumil, 1971, Bohumil Stepán: Familienalbum. Collagen, (Munich: dtv) [Δ
  
Charles Waldack 
  
Waldeck, Charles, 1862, The Card Photograph: An Appendix to the Third Edition of a Treatise on Photography, (H. Watkin) [Δ
  
 
  
If you feel this list is missing a significant book or article please let me know - Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com 
  

HomeContentsPhotographers > Photographers worth investigating

 
Abdullah frères • Ludwig Angerer  (1827-1879) • Joseph P. Babbitt  (check) • Emilie Bieber  (1810-1884) • Bieber Family • Mathew B. Brady  (1823-1896) • William Carrick  (1827-1878) • André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri  (1819-1889) • W. & D. Downey • W. Hammerschmidt • Hennah & Kent • Serge Levitsky  (1819-1898) • London Stereoscopic Company • Mathew Brady's Studio • J.E. Mayall  (1813-1901) • J. Monstein • Nadar  (check) • Negretti & Zambra • Pierre Petit  (1831-1910) • Charles Reutlinger  (check) • Sarony  (1821-1896) • Savage & Ottinger • J.C. Schaarwächter  (1847-1904) • Camille Silvy  (1834-1910) • Southwell Brothers • Heinrich Tönnies  (1825-1903) • Charles Waldack  (1828-1882) • George Washington Wilson  (1823-1893)
HomeTechniquesCard photographs > Carte de visite 
Related topics 
  
Albumen prints 
Albums 
Backmarks 
Cabinet cards 
Card photographs 
Graphoscopes 
Viewers 
 
  

HomeContentsOnline exhibitions > Carte de visite

Please submit suggestions for Online Exhibitions that will enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
ThumbnailCarte de visite 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (May 30, 2006) Includes sections on royalty, celebrities, occupations and uncut sheets.
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Backs 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (May 1, 2006)
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Celebrities 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (June 23, 2006)
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Cultural curiosities and the novel idea 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (March 23, 2007)
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Occupational 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Improved (September 14, 2006)
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Royalty 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (June 23, 2006)
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Storage and display 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (June 6, 2006)
ThumbnailCarte de visite: Uncut sheets 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (March 18, 2011)
ThumbnailThe Commercial Portraiture of Camille Silvy 
Title | Lightbox | Checklist
Released (August 3, 2006)
  
 
  

HomeVisual indexes > Carte de visite

Please submit suggestions for Visual Indexes to enhance this theme.
Alan - alan@luminous-lint.com

 
  
   Photographer 
  
ThumbnailAndré Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri: Carte de visites: Backmarks 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailBohumil Stepán: Satirical photocollages 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailChristiano Junior: Backmarks 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailFelice Beato: Japan: Cartes de visite 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailFrank Rowell: Carte de visite with tax stamp 
ThumbnailGiorgio Sommer: Cartes de visite - Backmarks 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJeremiah Gurney: Carte de visites: Backmarks 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJeremiah Gurney: Carte de visites: Portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailJosef Albert: Portraits 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailKnud Knudsen: Carte de visite of Norwegian ethnic clothing 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailOliver Sarony: Advertising Carte de Visite 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailRobert Rive: Carte de visite: Backmarks 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailSamuel A. Cooley: Backmarks 
About this photographer | Photographs by this photographer 
ThumbnailW.L. Germon: Backmarks 
 
  
   Techniques 
  
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Additional products 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Belt buckle 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Catalogue pages 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Change of business ownership 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Diverse occupations 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Egyptian motifs 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Elevator available 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Graphics that place photography with the arts 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Landscapes 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Medals and prizes won 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Missing studio details 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Negatives preserved, copies made and enlargements 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Photograph cars 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Photographic studios 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Product promotion 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Royal patronage 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Shared graphic motif 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Teaching available 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Transportation 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Whimsy 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Backs: Women photographers 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Cameras 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Card stock 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Decorative mounts 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Embossed paper mounts 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Mirrorscopes 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Painted 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Proof stamps 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Storage and display 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Advertising 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Art 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Backgrounds 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Charitable causes 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Copies of earlier photographs 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Crime 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Directions for albums 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Double and multiple exposures 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Employment 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Erotica 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Ethnic and traditional costumes 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: First cards in albums 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Front and backs 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Helping hand 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Marketing 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Military 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Mobile photographic studios 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Objects 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Occupationals 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Photograph frames 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Photographer tents 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Photographers 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Photographic studios 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Photographica 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Photomontages 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Places and landscapes 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Portrait: Actors 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Portrait: African Americans 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Portrait: Artists 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Portrait: Celebrities 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Portrait: Native Americans 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Portrait: Royalty 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Post-mortem 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Sports and pastimes 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Strange 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Themes: Universal Exhibition of 1867 in Paris 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Uncut sheets 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Viewers 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Vignettes 
ThumbnailTwo versions of the same carte de visite with different colouring 
 
 
  
   Private collections 
  
ThumbnailCollection Laddy Kite: Multiple exposures 
ThumbnailCollection Laddy Kite: Photomontages 
ThumbnailCollection Laddy Kite: Transportation 
ThumbnailThe Isenburg Collection @ AMC Toronto: Carte de visites 
 
  
   Still thinking about these... 
  
Thumbnail4-tube Carte de Visite Wet Plate Camera 
ThumbnailArtistic group 
ThumbnailBook-like storage for card photographs 
ThumbnailCard photographs of actors, performers and entertainers 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: Different imprints 
ThumbnailIndia and the carte de visite 
ThumbnailCarte de visites: The Union Matrimonial Promoter 
ThumbnailCopying photographs and copyists: Portraits of young girl (Carte de visite - Tintype) 
ThumbnailJapanese carte-de-visite and cabinet card album 
ThumbnailTrott & Co. (Boston, publisher): John C. Thomas, Dealer in Hats, Caps, Furs, and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods 
 
  
Refreshed: 20 December 2014, 20:29
 
  
 
  
HOME  BACKFREE NEWSLETTER
 Facebook LuminousLint 
 Twitter @LuminousLint